Sunday, July 31, 2011

Grammar Test: Conditional Sentences

Conditional SentenceSubject: Conditional Sentences: Type 1, 2, 3, and Mixed Conditional
Type of Test: Multiple Choice
Level: Intermediate
No. of Test Items: 25 items.
Interactive Test Download Link: http://www.4shared.com/document/mQX9jdZN/ConditionalQuiz1.html


  1. If she had come to the meeting yesterday afternoon, she ... involved in decision making.
    1. were
    2. would be
    3. had been
    4. would have been
    5. was.
  1. The truth implied by the sentence in problem no. 1 is ....
    1. She isn't coming to the meeting.
    2. She came to the meeting.
    3. She didn't come to the meeting.
    4. She had come to the meeting.
    5. She comes to the meeting.
  2. If you had invited her to your party, I ... with her.
    1. had come
    2. would come
    3. would have come
    4. will come
    5. came
  3. The truth implied by the sentence in problem no. 3 is ....
    1. She came to the party to your party.
    2. You invited her to your party.
    3. You didn't invite her to your party.
    4. You had invited her to your party.
    5. You don't invite her to your party.
  4. There would be a risk of accident if you ... that cable on the floor.
    1. would leave
    2. left
    3. were left
    4. would have left
    5. leave
  5. Annie ... you if she had had your phone number.
    1. had called
    2. would call
    3. calls
    4. would have called
    5. will call
  6. The truth implied by the sentence in problem no. 6 is ....
    1. Annie doesn’t have your phone number.
    2. Annie had your phone number.
    3. Annie wouldn’t have your phone number.
    4. Annie didn’t have your phone number.
    5. Annie called you.
  7. We would have met Mr. Woodhead, the famous speaker, if we ... earlier to the hall.
    1. would come
    2. will come
    3. came
    4. had come
    5. come
  8. The truth implied by the sentence in problem no. 8 is ....
    1. We would come earlier so we could meet Mr. Woodhead.
    2. We came earlier, so we met Mr. Woodhead.
    3. We didn't come earlier but we met Mr. Woodhead.
    4. We didn't came earlier, so we didn't met Mr. Woodhead.
    5. We met Mr. Woodhead although we didn't come earlier.
  9. If it rains this afternoon, I ... at home.
    1. will stay
    2. would stay
    3. would have stayed
    4. had stayed
    5. am staying
  10. If our team ... for the match more intensively, we would have won it.
    1. prepare
    2. had prepared
    3. have prepared
    4. prepared
    5. would have prepared
  11. The sentence in problem no. 11 implies that ....
    1. We didn’t prepare intensively but we won the match.
    2. We had prepared intensively and, therefore, we won the match
    3. We prepared intensively, but we lost the match.
    4. We prepared intensively in order to win the match.
    5. We didn’t prepare intensively and lost the match.
  12. If the EXIT doors ... locked, those people would have escaped easily from the burning hall.
    1. had not been
    2. would not be
    3. have not been
    4. were not
    5. wouldn't have been
  13. The sentence in problem no. 13 implies that ....
    1. The people could not escape easily because the EXIT doors were locked.
    2. The people could not escape easily although the EXIT doors were not locked.
    3. The people cannot escape easily because the EXIT doors are locked.
    4. The people cannot escape easily because the EXIT doors aren't locked.
    5. The people could escape easily because the EXIT doors weren't locked.
  14. Had she known about the story, she ... us about it.
    1. told
    2. has told
    3. would tell
    4. would have told
    5. had told
  15. The truth implied by the sentence in no. 15 is ....
    1. She knew about the story so she told us about it.
    2. She told us the story because she knew about it.
    3. She didn't tell us the story because she didn't know about it.
    4. She told us the story although she didn't know much about it.
    5. She didn't tell us the story although she knew about it.
  16. If the delivery is late, we ... the shipping.
    1. are paying
    2. paid
    3. would have paid
    4. would pay
    5. will pay
  17. If this school had a complete multi-media laboratory, learning ... more enjoyable.
    1. was
    2. will be
    3. would be
    4. were
    5. would have been
  18. The sentence in no. 18 tells us that ....
    1. The school had a complete multi-media laboratory.
    2. The school will have a complete multi-media laboratory.
    3. The school doesn't have a complete multi-media laboratory.
    4. The school has a complete multi-media laboratory.
    5. The school didn't have a complete multi-media laboratory.
  19. Things could have been different if we ... the tires before leaving.
    1. didn't check
    2. checked
    3. had not checked
    4. would have checked
    5. wouldn't check
  20. Choose the best conditional sentence for: "He didn’t take care of his health, so he fell sick"
    1. If he took care of his health, he wouldn't be sick.
    2. If he had taken care of his health, he wouldn't have been sick.
    3. If he didn’t take care of his health, he would be sick.
    4. If he takes care of his health, he won't be sick.
    5. If he doesn't take care of his health, he will be sick.
  21. Choose the best conditional sentence for: "Medical expense is not cheap. Poor people can’t afford it."
    1. If medical expense hadn't been cheap, poor people wouldn't have been able to afford it.
    2. If medical expense were cheap, poor people would be able to afford it.
    3. If medical expense is cheap, poor people will be able to afford it.
    4. If medical expense weren't cheap, poor people wouldn't be able to afford it.
    5. If medical expense had been cheap, poor people would have been able to afford it.
  22. Choose the best conditional sentence for: "The device is broken now because you didn’t use it properly last night." (mixed conditional)
    1. The device won't be broken now if you had used it properly last night.
    2. The device wouldn't be broken now if you had used it properly last night.
    3. The device wouldn't be broken now if you used it properly last night.
    4. The device will be broken now if you didn’t use it properly last night.
    5. The device would be broken now if you hadn't used it properly last night.
  23. Choose the best conditional sentence for: "I didn’t read the instructions carefully, so I made a lot of mistakes"
    1. If I didn’t read the instructions carefully, I would have made a lot of mistakes
    2. If I read the instructions carefully, I wouldn't make a lot of mistakes.
    3. Had I read the instructions carefully, I wouldn't have made a lot of mistakes.
    4. If I didn’t read the instructions carefully, I would make a lot of mistakes
    5. Had I not read the instructions carefully, I would have made a lot of mistakes
  24. Choose the best conditional sentence for: "She doesn’t live here, so she doesn’t know this area very well"
    1. If she hadn’t lived here, she wouldn’t have known this area very well
    2. If she lives here, she will know this area very well
    3. If she lived here, she would know this area very well.
    4. If she didn’t live here, she wouldn’t know this area very well
    5. If she had lived here, she would have known this area very well
Picture source: http://www.corollarytheorems.com/Grammar/gm_images/gm_arch2_q14_1.png

Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Dzikir Pagi Dalam Hadits Shahih

zikir di masjid waktu subuhDari Anas bin Malik: Rasulullah bersabda, "Aku duduk bersama orang-orang yang berdzikir kepada Allah dari mulai shalat shubuh sampai terbit matahari lebih aku sukai daripada memerdekakan empat orang budak dari anak Isma'il. Dan aku duduk bersama orang-orang yang berdzikir kepada Allah dari mulai shalat ashar sampai terbenam matahari lebih aku sukai daripada memerdekakan empat orang budak." (H.R. Abu Dawud no. 3667)

Alangkah mulianya lisan yang menyebut asma Allah, hati yang mengingat Allah, dan jemari yang menghitung bilangan zikir kepada Allah, sebelum kita tenggelam dalam hiruk-pikuk rutinitas duniawi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.

Dalam Al-Quran, Allah telah memerintahkan kita untuk banyak berdzikir kepadaNya terutama ketika pagi dan petang.
Hai orang-orang yang beriman, berdzikirlah kepada Allah, zikir yang sebanyak-banyaknya. Dan bertasbihlah kepada-Nya diwaktu pagi dan petang. (Al-Ahzab:41-42)

Lalu, bagaimana zikir yang dicontohkan oleh Rasulullah SAW di pagi hari setelah shalat shubuh hingga terbit matahari? Setelah selesai berzikir sehabis shalat subuh, lanjutkanlah dengan:
  1. Ayatul Kursiy (QS Al-Baqarah:255) 1x, QS. Al-Ikhlash 3x, Al-Falaq 3x, An-Naas 3x.
  2. Ashbahnaa wa ‘asbahaal mulku lillaahi, walhamdulillaahi, laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa syariikalahu, lahul mulku walahul hamdu, wahuwa ‘alaa kulli syay’iin qadiir. Rabbi, ‘as’aluka khayra maa fii haadzal yaumi, wa khayra maa ba’dahu, wa ‘a’uudzubika min syarri maa fii haadzal yaumi, wa syarri maa ba’dahu. Rabbi, a’uudzubika minal kasali, wa suu’il kibari, Rabbi, a’uudzubika min adzaabin fiil naar, wa adzaabin fiil qabri. 1x ~ (Kami telah memasuki waktu pagi dan kerajaan hanya milik Allah, segala puji hanya milik Allah. Tidak ada Ilah (yang berhak diibadahi) kecuali Allah, tiada sekutu bagiNya, bagiNya kerajaan dan bagiNya pujian. Dialah Yang Maha Kuasa atas segala sesuatu. Wahai Rabb, aku mohon kepadamu kebaikan di hari ini dan kebaikan sesudahnya. Aku berlindung kepadaMu dari kejahatan hari ini dan kejahatan sesudahnya. Wahai Rabb, aku berlindung kepadaMu dari kemalasan dan kejelekan di hari tua. Wahai Rabb, aku berlindung kepadaMu dari siksa di neraka dan siksa di kubur.)
  3. Allaahumma bika ‘ashbahnaa, wa bika ‘amsaynaa, wa bika nahyaa, wa bika namuutu, wa ‘ilaikal nutsuuru. 1x ~ (Ya Allah, dengan rahmat dan pertolonganMu kami memasuki waktu pagi, dan dengan rahmat dan pertolonganMu kami memasuki waktu sore. Dengan rahmat dan kehendakMu kami hidup dan dengan rahmat dan kehendakMu kami mati. Dan kepadaMu kami dibangkitkan.)
  4. Allaahumma anta rabbi, la ilaaha illa anta khalaqtani, wa anna 'abduka wa ana 'ala 'ahdika, wa wa'dika mastatho'tu, a'uudzubika min syarri ma shona'tu abu-u laka bi ni'matika 'alayya, wa abuu-u bi dhzanbii faghfirli, fa-innahu layaghfiru dzunuuba illa anta.1x ~ (Ya Allah, Engkaulah Tuhanku. Tiada Tuhan selain Engkau Yang telah menciptakan diriku. Aku adalah hamba-Mu. Aku selalu berada di atas janji-Mu selama aku mampu. Aku berlindung pada-Mu dari kejahatan yang telah kuperbuat. Aku mengakui nikmat-Mu yang Engkau berikan padaku, dan aku mengakui dosa-dosaku. Karena itu, ampunilah aku, karena tidak akan ada yang mengampuni dosa-dosaku selain Engkau.)
  5. Allaahumma ‘afinii fii badanii, allaahumma ‘afinii fii sam’ii, allaahumma afinii fii basharii, laa ilaaha ilaa anta, allaahumma ‘innii ‘a’uudzubika minal kufri wal fakri, wa a’uudzubika min adzaabil qabri, laa ilaaha illaa anta. 3x ~ (Ya Allah, selamatkanlah tubuhku (dari penyakit dan yang tidak aku inginkan). Ya Allah, selamatkanlah pendengaranku (dari penyakit dan maksiat atau dari apa yang tidak aku inginkan). Ya Allah, selamatkanlah penglihatanku, tidak ada illah selain Engkau. Ya Allah sesungguhnya aku berlindung kepadaMu dari kekufuran dan kefakiran. Aku berlindung kepadaMu dari siksa kubur, tidak ada ilah kecuali Engkau.)
  6. Allaahumma innii as’alukal ‘afwa wal ‘aafiyata fiiddunya wal akhirati. Allaahumma innii as’alukal ‘afwa wal ‘aafiyata fii diinii, wa dunyaaya, wa ahlii, wa maalii. Allaahummastur ‘auraatii, waa min rau’aatii. Allaahummah fadlnii mim bayni yadayya, wa min khalfii, wa ‘an yamiinii, wa ‘an syimaalii, wa min faukii, wa ‘a’uudzu bi’adhamatika an ughtala mintahtii. 1x ~ (Ya Allah, sesungguhnya aku mohon kepada-Mu maaf dan keselamatan di dunia dan akhirat. Ya Allah, sesungguhnya aku mohon pada-Mu maaf dan keselamatan dalam agamaku, duniaku, keluargaku dan hartaku. Ya Allah, tutuplah auratku dan aibku dan tentramkanlah aku dari rasa takut. Ya Allah, jagalah diriku dari depan, belakang, kanan, kiri, dan atasku, dan aku berlindung padaMu dengan kebesaranMu agar aku tidak disambar dari bawahku.)
  7. Allaahumma ‘aalimal ghaibi wal syahaadati, faathirassamaawaati wal ‘ardhi, rabba kulli syay’iin wa maliikahu, asyhadu alla ilaaha illa anta, a’uudzu bika min syarri nafsii, wa min syarril syaithaani wa syirkihi, wa an aqtari fa ‘alaa nafsii suu’an, au ajurrahu ilaa muslimiin. 1x ~ (Ya Allah, Yang Maha Mengetahui yang ghaib dan yang nyata, wahai Rabb Pencipta langit dan bumi, Rabb segala sesuatu dan Yang Merajainya, aku bersaksi bahwa tidak ada ilah (yang patut disembah) selain Engkau. Aku berlindung kepadaMu dari kejahatan diriku, kejahatan syaitan dan ajakannya untuk menyekutukanMu, dan (aku berlindung kepadaMu) dari berbuat kejelekan atas diriku atau mendorong seorang Muslim kepadanya.)
  8. Bismillahilladzii laa yadhuru ma ‘asmihi syai’un fil ardhi walaa fis samaa’i wa huwwassamii’ul-aliim. 3x ~ (Dengan menyebut Nama Allah, yang dengan namaNya tidak ada sesuatupun yang dapat membahayakan, baik di bumi maupun di langit. Dialah Yang Maha Mendengar dan Maha Mengetahui.)
  9. Radhiitu billaahi rabba, wa bil islaami diinna, wa bi Muhammadin nabiiya. 3x ~ (Aku rela Allah sebagai Tuhanku, Islam sebagai agamaku, dan Muhammad sebagai nabiku.)
  10. Yaa hayyu yaa qayyuumu, birahmatika astaghiitsu, ashlih lii sya’nii kullahu, wa laa takilnii ilaa nafsii dhar fata’ainii. 1x ~ (Wahai Dzat Yang Maha Hidup, Wahai Dzat Yang Maha berdiri sendiri, dengan rahmatMu aku memohon pertolongan, perbaikilah segala keadaan dan urusanku, dan jangan Engkau serahkan kepadaku (tanpa pertolonganMu) meski sekejap mata sekalipun.)
  11. Ashbahnaa ‘alaa fithratil islaami, wa ‘alaa kalimatil ikhlaash, wa ‘alaa diini nabiyyinaa Muhammadin sallallahu alahi wassalam, wa ‘alaa millati abiinaa Ibraahiima haniifan muslimaan, wa maa kaana minal musyrikiin. 1x ~ (Di waktu pagi kami berada di fitrah Islam, kalimat ikhlash (syahadat), agama Nabi kami Muhammad SAW, agama Ayah kami Ibrahim, yang ada di jalan lurus, Muslim, dan tidak tergolong kaum musyrik.)
  12. Laa ilaaha illallaahu, wahdahu laa syariikalahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli syai’in qadiir. 1x/10x/100x (pagi atau sore) ~ (Tidak ada ilah selain Allah YME, tiada sekutu bagiNya, bagiNya kerajaan dan bagiNya pujian. Dialah Yang Maha Kuasa atas segala sesuatu.)
  13. Subhanallaahi wabihamdihi, adada khalqihi, wa ridhaa nafsihi, wa zinata ‘arsyihi, wa midaada kalimatihi. 3x/10x ~ (Maha Suci Allah, aku memujiNya sebanyak bilangan makhlukNya, Maha Suci Allah sesuai keridhaan-Nya, Maha Suci Allah seberat timbangan arsy-Nya, Maha Suci Allah sebanyak tinta yang menulis kalimat-Nya.)
  14. Allaahumma innii as-aluka ilman naafi’an, wa rizqan thayyiban, wa amalan mutaqabbalan. 1x ~ (Ya Allah, sesungguhnya aku meminta kepadaMu ilmu yang bermanfaat, rizki yang baik, dan amalan yang diterima.)
  15. Subhaanallaahi wabihamdihi. 100x ~ (Maha Suci Allah, aku memujiNya.)
  16. Astaghfirullaah, wa atuubu ilayhi. 100x ~ (Aku memohon ampunan kepada Allah, dan aku bertobat padaNya.)
Itulah lafadz-lafadz zikir yang dicontohkan oleh Rasulullah SAW menurut hadits hadits yang shahih. Untuk lafadz dzikir di petang hari, bisa dilihat di Dzikir Petang Dalam Hadits Shahih. Semoga kita dapat mengamalkannya, karena hal itu juga berarti kita ikut serta melestarikan sunnah-sunnah Rasulullah SAW sebagai bukti cinta kita kepadanya. Salaamun alaika yaa Rasulallah.

Updated: Dec 8th, 2013.
(Yazid bin Abdul Qadir Jawas. 2005. Dzikir Pagi Petang dan Sesudah Shalat Fardlu Menurut Al-Quran dan As-Sunnah yang Shahih. Bogor. Pustaka Imam Asy-Syafi'i)

Tuesday, July 26, 2011

Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE) SD/MI Kelas III (Part 2 of 2)

In this post: Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 3 - M. Saleh. Muhammad; Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 3 - Muhammad Nursa'ban; Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 3 - Sunarso; Cerdas Berhitung; Matematika 3 - Nur Fajariyah; Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 3 - Prayoga Bestari; Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 3 - Purwanto; Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 3 - Slamet.

Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 3
SD/MI Kelas III
M. Saleh Muhammad, Ade Munajat







Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 3
SD/MI Kelas III
Muhammad Nursa'ban, Rusmawan








Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 3
SD/MI Kelas III
Sunarso, Anis Kusuma








Cerdas Berhitung; Matematika 3
SD/MI Kelas III
Nur Fajariyah, Defi Triratnawati








Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 3
SD/MI Kelas III
Prayoga Bestari, Ati Sumiati








Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 3
SD/MI Kelas III
Purwanto, Sudiyanto








Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 3 
SD/MI Kelas III
Slamet, Edi Santoso, Sri Untari, Tijan, Sumarto









Monday, July 25, 2011

Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE) SD/MI Kelas II (Part 2 of 2)

In this post: Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 2 - Kuswanto; Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 2 - Tri Jaya Suranto; Senang Matematika 2 - Amin Mustoha; Matematika 2 - Purnomosidi; Mengenal Lingkungan Sekitar, Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial - Nurhadi; Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 2 - Lili Nurlaili; Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 2 - Sajari; Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 2 - Setiati Widihastuti.

Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 2
SD/MI Kelas II
Kuswanto, Y. Suharjanto







Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 2
SD/MI Kelas II
Tri Jaya Suranto, A. Dakir








Senang Matematika 2
SD/MI Kelas II
Amin Mustoha, Buchori, Erna Juliatun, Isti Hidayah







Matematika 2
SD/MI Kelas II
Purnomosidi, Wiyanto, Endang Supadminingsih







Mengenal Lingkungan Sekitar, Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 2
SD/MI Kelas II
Nurhadi, Hartitik Fitria Rahmawati







Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 2
SD/MI Kelas II
Dra. Lili Nurlaili M.Ed.







Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 2
SD/MI Kelas II
Sajari, Suharto







Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 2 
SD/MI Kelas II
Setiati Widihastuti, Fajar Rahyuningsih









Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE) SD/MI Kelas I (Part 2 of 2)

In this post: Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 1 - Endang Hendayani, Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 1 - Indrastuti, Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam 1 - Inoki Wasis Jatmiko, Matematika 1 - Djaelani, Dunia Matematika 1 - Kismiantini, Matematika 1 - Purnomosidi, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 1 - Setiati Widihastuti, PKn 1 - Suliasih, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 1 - Tijan.

Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Edi Hernawan, Endang Hendayani







Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Indrastuti, Penny Rahmawaty







Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 1: Bangga Menjadi Insan Berwawasan Lingkungan
SD/MI Kelas I
Inoki Wasis Jatmiko, Mariyono San Dwi







Matematika 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Djaelani, Haryono







Dunia Matematika 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Kismiantini, Dyan Indrawati







Matematika 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Purnomosidi, Wiyanto, Endang Supadminingsih







Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Setiati Widihastuti, Fajar Rahayuningsih







PKn 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Suliasih, Priyati E., Ridwan Effendi







Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 1
SD/MI Kelas I
Tijan, Slamet, Sri Untari, Edi Santoso, Sumarto