Monday, February 24, 2014

Haruskah Penegakan Disiplin Sekolah Mengabaikan Hati Nurani?

Suatu pagi, ketika Ujian Sekolah Produktif untuk pelajar kelas XII SMK akan segera dimulai, seorang siswi tidak diperbolehkan memasuki gerbang sekolah karena seragam yang dikenakannya salah. Dia mengenakan baju Pramuka, lupa bahwa sehari sebelumnya telah ada pemberitahuan bahwa hari itu seluruh siswa harus mengenakan baju batik.

Dengan alasan penegakan disiplin sekolah, dia diharuskan pulang dan berganti baju. Meskipun sudah mencoba bernegosiasi, dia tetap tidak berhasil mendapatkan ijin masuk dan mengikuti ujian. Sedangkan Ayahnya yang mengantarnya ke sekolah sudah berangkat bekerja dan tidak mungkin kembali mengantarkannya pulang. Jika harus naik angkutan umum, dia harus berganti kendaraan sebanyak 3 kali untuk mencapai rumahnya yang berjarak kurang-lebih 7 kilometer dari sekolah. Praktis, konsekuensi penegakan disiplin yang harus diterimanya adalah tidak bisa mengikuti ujian hari itu karena ujian akan segera dimulai.

Karena keinginannya yang besar untuk bisa mengikuti ujian, siswi tersebut memilih tidak pulang dan menunggu di depan pintu gerbang hingga ujian selesai. Dia tidak tahu apa yang harus dilakukannya selain berdiri di depan gerbang sekolah. Beruntung, setelah beberapa saat berdiri di depan pintu gerbang sekolah, seorang Guru yang lain mengijinkannya masuk dan mengikuti ujian. Meskipun pada akhirnya siswi tersebut diijinkan masuk sekolah, ada beberapa hal yang cukup membuat kita prihatin dengan kejadian tersebut.

Berikan Tindakan Korektif Secara Wajar, Proporsional, dan Mendidik.

Kesalahan memakai seragam umumnya bukanlah hal yang sengaja dilakukan oleh seorang siswa. Pasti ada alasan lain misalnya lupa, tidak memiliki seragam, atau seragam yang harus dikenakan tiba-tiba hilang atau sedang dicuci. Mereka justru akan merasa malu jika harus seorang diri mengenakan seragam yang berbeda dengan siswa lainnya.

Karena itu, sebelum menentukan sanksi atau tindakan korektif yang akan diberikan, akan terasa lebih bijak jika kita bersedia mencari tahu apa penyebabnya. Apakah disengaja atau tidak? Dari situ, kita bisa menentukan tindakan korektif terbaik yang harus diberikan terhadap pelanggaran tersebut.

Begitu juga dalam menangani kasus siswa yang terlambat. Tidak semua keterlambatan siswa disebabkan oleh kelalaian atau ketidak disiplinan mereka, kecuali jika terjadi secara terus-menerus. Acapkali keterlambatan siswa disebabkan oleh hal-hal diluar kekuasaan mereka, seperti kemacetan, kecelakaan, harus melakukan suatu kewajiban, atau diminta membantu guru lain. Haruskah kita sebagai para pendidik menghukum seorang siswa yang terlambat datang ke sekolah karena dia harus menolong seorang korban kecelakaan di jalan? Jika memang demikian, hati nurani siapa yang lebih hidup, dan hati nurani siapa yang sudah mati?

Hargailah Kepentingan dan Hak Anak Didik

Sekolah seharusnya menjadi tempat mendidik yang nyaman, bukan tempat yang penuh ancaman dan menakutkan. Setiap pelanggaran harus disikapi dengan bijak, dan diberikan tindakan korektif yang mendidik, bukan sekedar hukuman yang menghukum. Seburuk apapun sikap dan perilaku siswa, mereka adalah individu yang harus kita hargai dan berhak mendapatkan pendidikan.

Melarang siswa masuk kelas atau sekolah hanya karena salah seragam atau terlambat 5-10 menit seringkali bukanlah tindakan korektif yang terbaik dan tepat. Ketika anak didik lebih suka melakukan kegiatan lain daripada mengikuti kegiatan belajar di sekolah, maka larangan masuk kelas atau masuk sekolah tidak memiliki muatan pendidikan apapun selain sekedar "hukuman". Sedangkan efek jera yang diharapkan juga tidak tercapai.

Di satu sisi, larangan masuk kelas atau masuk sekolah juga akan menghilangkan kesempatan anak didik untuk mengikuti kegiatan di sekolah. Demi penegakan disiplin, hak mereka untuk mendapatkan pendidikan tidak terpenuhi. "Niat" untuk datang ke kelas atau sekolah pun menjadi seperti tidak dihargai, padahal itu masih jauh lebih baik daripada membolos dengan berbagai macam alasan.

Bukankah masih banyak tindakan korektif yang bisa dilakukan tanpa harus merugikan kepentingan dan hak anak didik? Di beberapa negara lain, siswa yang terlambat atau salah seragam tidak disuruh pulang. Pelanggaran yang dilakukan oleh siswa ditangani di dalam lingkup sekolah sebagai bukti bahwa pihak sekolah mampu memberikan penanganan dan solusi, kecuali jika memang memerlukan penanganan lanjutan dari pihak berwenang di luar sekolah. Orang-tua pun tidak selalu harus tahu, kecuali jika penanganan masalah membutuhkan kerja-sama dengan pihak orang-tua.

Jika suatu pelanggaran dilakukan terus-menerus atau semakin memburuk, pendekatan konsultatif akan diberikan, bukan tindakan represif, bukan hukuman. Siswa akan diberitahu tentang konsekuensi dan kerugian akibat pelanggaran mereka. Siswa benar-benar diperlakukan sebagai individu yang juga harus dihargai. Ketika konsultasi telah menyentuh akar penyebab pelanggaran hingga menghasilkan solusi, bisa dipastikan pelanggaran itu tidak akan terulang. Dengan demikian, secara tidak langsung siswa sudah dididik agar selalu penuh pertimbangan dan tidak terlalu kaku dalam menghadapi suatu permasalahan, serta senantiasa mendengarkan hati nurani dan menghargai orang lain.

Akan tetapi, larangan masuk masih menjadi tindakan yang cenderung dipilih oleh para pendidik di negara kita. Mungkin karena tindakan itu paling praktis dan paling mudah untuk diberikan, tanpa harus repot-repot melakukan pendekatan konsultatif, serta mengesankan sikap "tegas" dalam menegakkan peraturan dan disiplin sekolah. Tidak akan ada siswa terlambat atau salah seragam, mungkin karena mereka takut dan lebih memilih untuk membolos daripada harus menghadapi hukuman. Sekolah pun akan menjadi "seperti yang diharapkan", tak ubahnya barak militer yang menjunjung tinggi kedisiplinan dan keselarasan, tanpa menyisakan ruang bagi hati nurani dalam menindak pelaku pelanggaran. Seperti itukah yang kita harapkan?

Peraturan memang harus dipatuhi, dan disiplin juga harus ditegakkan. Namun ketika penegakan disiplin dilakukan dengan mengesampingkan hati nurani, maka paradigma pendidikan karakter dan budi pekerti hanya akan menjadi sebuah ironi.

Friday, February 21, 2014

Prediksi UN Bahasa Inggris SMK SKL 2013/2014 - Try Out 10 (Reading & Writing Section)

Reading Section

5. Error Recognition: Choose the inappropriate structure or word in the sentences below.
  1. Anna: I went to Batu yesterday. The weather was so cold there.
                     A                                                               B
    Shanty: Yes, it’s as cold than Probolinggo. Did you also go to Malang?
                                       C
    Anna: Yes, I did. It is hotter than Batu.
                                                 D
  2. Mariana: I heard that there was a robbery at Mrs. Anita’s house last night.
                                                  A
    Lucky: Yes. A new car where was parked in the garage was stolen.
                                                B                                                            C
    Mariana : I’m really sorry to hear that.
                                          D
  3. Maria : Katie Holmes’ new haircut is cute. She looks gorgeous.
                                                      A                                     B
    Christine : I agree with you. She is looked much younger than she really is.
                                                                     C                                     D
  4. Shinta : You looked different without your glasses
                                              A
    Danu : I would have worn them if I didn’t break it. I sat on it by accident.
                       B                                           C
    Shinta : That’s too bad. I hope you’ll get another one soon.
                                    D
  5. Woman : How do you like the movie?
                                   A
    Man : It is bored, I think. I wonder why people like it..
                          B                                                          C
    Woman : I’m sorry. I thought you would like it.
                                              D
6. Reading Comprehension: Questions 21 - 30 are based on a selection of reading materials. Choose
     the best answer to each question.


Questions 21-23 refer to the following email:

  1. Why did the writer send the above email?
    1. To ask for a copy of invoice.
    2. To make payment for the invoice.
    3. To inform about reshuffle in the accounts team.
    4. To request an early payment.
  2. What is NOT mentioned in the email?
    1. Number of invoice.
    2. Date of invoice.
    3. Price of invoice.
    4. Issuer of invoice.
  3. Who issued the invoice?
    1. Paradise Hotel
    2. Craig David
    3. Adelaide Comp.
    4. Accounts payable
Questions 24-25 refer to the following text:

  1. Which statement is NOT true according to the text?
    1. Philips headquarter is located in the Netherlands.
    2. Philips leads only in energy efficient lighting solutions & applications.
    3. Philips has more than 100.000 employees in all over the world.
    4. Philips has a wide range of products in healthcare, lifestyle, and lighting.
  2. “... on fundamental customer...” (line 4). The synonym of the word “fundamental” is...
    1. Additional
    2. Incidental
    3. Important
    4. Extra
Questions 26-28 refer to the following text:

Automobile Technician

Job Purpose: Maintaining service operations by inspecting and maintaining vehicles.
Job Duties:
  • Keeping equipment available for use by inspecting and testing vehicles; completing preventive maintenance such as, engine tune-ups, oil changes, tire rotation and changes, wheel balancing, replacing filters.
  • Maintaining vehicle functional condition by listening to operator complaints; conducting inspections; repairing engine failures; repairing mechanical and electrical systems malfunctions; replacing parts and components; repairing body damage.
  • Verifying vehicle serviceability by conducting test drives; adjusting controls and systems.
  • Complying with state vehicle requirements by testing engine, safety, and combustion control standards.
  • Maintaining vehicle appearance by cleaning, washing, and painting.
  • Maintaining vehicle records by recording service and repairs.
  • Keeping shop equipment operating by following operating instructions; troubleshooting breakdowns; maintaining supplies; performing preventive maintenance; calling for repairs.
  • Updating job knowledge by participating in educational opportunities; reading technical publications.
  • Accomplishing maintenance and organization mission by completing related results as needed.
Skills/Qualifications: Lifting, Energy Level, Dependability, Persistence, Time Management, Attendance, Independence, Safety Management, Problem Solving, Dealing with Complexity, Analyzing Information.
  1. The followings are some duties of an automobile technician, except....
    1. Keeping equipment available for use.
    2. Maintaining vehicle functional condition.
    3. Maintaining vehicle appereance and records.
    4. Updating technical publications
  2. Which is not mentioned in the skills of an automobile technician?
    1. Time management
    2. Safety management
    3. Financial management
    4. Problem solving
  3. "Verifying vehicle serviceability by ...."
    Which of the following is the synonym of the underlined word?
    1. Confirming
    2. Evaluating
    3. Qualifying
    4. Classifying
Questions 29-31 refer to the following advertisement:
  1. Which statement is NOT true according to the text?
    1. Trimegatech offers 50% discount for home users, home offices and small-mid sized businesses.
    2. Small-mid sized business will get free consultation of network setup, web design, servers etc.
    3. Trimegatech’s computer services are available in two counties.
    4. The discount is only available during the company’s grand opening.
  2. Small and mid sized businesses are able to get free consultation for ....
    1. Network setup, web development, hardware upgrades, etc.
    2. New office setup, wireless networks, web design, etc.
    3. Web development, servers, spyware removal, etc
    4. Web design, new office setup, network setup, etc.
  3. “Take advantage of our grand opening”. The word “advantage” has similar meaning to ....
    1. Strength
    2. Weakness
    3. Benefit
    4. Disfavor
7. Incomplete Dialog: In questions 32 to 41, choose the best answer to complete the dialog.

  1. Danny : Where is Andy? I haven't seen him today.
    Wanda : .... right now. He’ll have an exam next Monday.
    1. He might be playing football
    2. He’s probably studying at home
    3. It isn’t possible that he’s at home
    4. There’s a chance that he’ll be here.
  2. Linda : Mom, we are running out of salt. .... ?
    Mother : Sure, dear. Thank you for helping.
    1. Would you like me to buy the salt?
    2. Would you buy the salt for me?
    3. Can you help me buy the salt?
    4. Could you get me the salt?
  3. Dony : I’ll be late for work. I’ve got a flat tire.
    Nafisa : ..... Tell them you’re going to be late.
    Dony : You’re right. I will do that. Thank you.
    1. You shouldn’t go to work today.
    2. You’d better call your office.
    3. You let them replace your tire.
    4. You might need to stay here.
  4. Salma : What do you like to do in your free time?
    Rina : .... . What about you?
    Salma : I’m fond of it too. I always hunt for new films every month.
    1. I like watching movies.
    2. I enjoy swimming.
    3. I like shopping very much.
    4. I’m interested in reading a book.
  5. Clerk : Can I help you find something?
    Nia: .... this yellow scarf and black hat. How much are they?
    Clerk : They are Rp.90,000.-
    Nia: OK. I’ll take them. Can you wrap them for me? They’re a present.
    Clerk : Yes, sure.
    1. I prefer to sell
    2. I’d like you to buy
    3. I would like to rent
    4. I'd like to buy
  6. Mr. Doni : Have you done the assignment?
    Students : Yes, Sir.
    Mr. Doni : OK. ..... I’ll check it.
    1. Submit your work on my desk
    2. Don’t look at your friend’s work
    3. Do not collect your work
    4. Exchange it with your friend
  7. Sophia : My mom bought me a box of chocolate. Would you like some?
    Marsya : No, thanks. .... but now I’m on a diet.
    Sophia : Really? I think you’re slim enough to go on a diet.
    1. I used to eat a lot of chocolate
    2. I don’t like chocolate
    3. I think chocolate is not good for health
    4. I had had a bar of chocolate
  8. Bella : Denise, there’s no milk in the fridge.
    Denise : Yes, I know. .... It’s on my shopping list.
    1. I bought some milk.
    2. I’m going to get some.
    3. I would like to have it.
    4. Would you put it in the fridge?
  9. Clarissa : I wanted to drop in yesterday but it seemed nobody was home. Where were you?
    Issabel : Oh, I’m really sorry. ....
    Clarissa : You must have had some fun there.
    1. I visited a relative in the hospital.
    2. I did my homework yesterday.
    3. I went to the beach with my family.
    4. I got a bad headache.
  10. Alex : What are you doing, Sarah? Let's hurry.
    Sarah : Wait. ....
    Alex : We are leaving at 7 and now it’s 06.45.
    1. I try my new blue dress.
    2. I am trying my new blue dress.
    3. I tried my new blue dress.
    4. I have tried my new blue dress.
8. Cloze Test: Choose the most appropriate word or phrase to complete the texts.
Questions 42-44 refer to the following text:


42. A. advertise
       B. advertised
       C. advertising
       D. advertisement
43. A. into
       B. by
       C. at
       D. in
44. A. reach
       B. reached
       C. be reached
       D. being reached
Questions 45-47 refer to the following text:

45. A. invited
       B. are invited
       C. were invited
       D. will be invited
46. A. Addition
       B. Additions
       C. Additional
       D. Additionally
47. A.of
       B. at
       C. in
       D. on
Questions 48-50 refer to the following advertisement:

Matthew Kelsey, Printer

.... (48)... fine custome design and printing for all occasions, including announcements, invitations, stationery, posters, and more. Specializing in exquisite papers, .... (49)... typography, and memorable design .... (50 )... discerning customers. Matthew Kelsey, Printer Saratoga, CA 95070
48. A. Provide
       B. Provided
       C. Providing
       D. Had provided
49. A. distinct
       B. distinctive
       C. distinction
       D. distincted
50. A. for
       B. of
       C. on
       D. in

Click HERE to download the answer key

Thursday, February 13, 2014

Prediksi UN Bahasa Inggris SMK - Listening Section - Try Out 6

Click here to start the Listening Section of English Try Out 6 for UN SMK

Listening Section

In this section of the test, you will have the chance to show how well you understand spoken English. There are 4 parts to this section, with special directions for each part.

Part I. Pictures

Questions: 1 to 3.

Directions:
For each item, there is a picture in your test book and four short statements about it on the tape. These statements will be spoken twice, but are NOT WRITTEN out in your test book, so you must listen carefully. You must choose one statement – (A), (B), (C), or (D) – that best describes the picture. Then, on your answer sheet, mark your choice.

Example: Look at the picture and listen to the four sentences.
  1. The girl is wearing a T-shirt.
  2. The girl has curly hair.
  3. The girl looks unhappy.
  4. The girl is holding something.
Choice (D) – The girl is holding something – best describes what is seen in the picture. Therefore, you should mark (D) on your answer sheet.

Now let’s begin with picture number 1.

Part II. Questions/Statements – Responses

Questions: 4 to 6

Directions:
In this part of the test, you will hear several questions spoken in English, followed by three responses, also spoken in English. The questions and responses will be spoken twice. They are not printed in your test book, so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. You have to choose the best response to each question.

Now listen to a sample question. You will hear: “Where can I pick up my tickets?”.
You will also hear

  1. Thursday morning, if that’s convenient
  2. At the Overseas Travel Desk
  3. I think it’s at nine o’clock".
Choice (B) – “At the Overseas Travel Desk” – is the appropriate response to the question “Where can I pick up my tickets?” Therefore you should mark (B) on your answer sheet.

Now let’s begin with question number 4.

  1. Mark your answer on your answer sheet.
  2. Mark your answer on your answer sheet.
  3. Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

Part III. Short Conversations

Questions: 7 to 10

Directions:
In this part of the test, you will hear several short conversations. You will hear the conversations twice. The conversations are not printed in your test book, so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. In your test book, you will read a question about each conversation. The question will be followed by four answers. You have to choose the best answer to each question and mark it on your answer sheet.

Example:
You will hear:
Man: "Are you a student here?"
Woman: "Yes, Sir."
Man: "Where is the English class?"
Woman: "Next to the laboratory."
You will read: "Where does the dialogue probably take place?"

  1. At the hospital.
  2. At the station.
  3. At the market.
  4. In a school.
Choice (D) –“In a school” – is the best answer to the question “Where does the dialogue probably take place? “ Therefore, you should mark (D) on your answer sheet.

  1. Why is the man later than usual?
    1. He missed the taxi.
    2. He rides his motorcycle.
    3. He gave his friend a ride.
    4. He is going by taxi.
  2. What did the man choose to drink?
    1. Avocado juice.
    2. Apple juice.
    3. Orange juice.
    4. Soft drink.
  3. What time should the man call again?
    1. After lunch.
    2. Before lunch.
    3. Now.
    4. Some time later.
  4. What can be implied about the woman?
    1. She will go to the mountain with her classmates.
    2. She keeps the man’s photograph.
    3. She lives not far from the mountain.
    4. She will go to the mountain as soon as possible.

Part IV. Short Talks

Questions: 11 to 15
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks. Each will be spoken twice. They are not printed in your test book, so you must listen carefully to understand and remember what is said. In your test book, you will read two or more questions about each short talk. Each question will be followed by four answers. You have to choose the best answer to each question and mark it on your answer sheet.
  1. What is the talk about?
    1. How to take a plug out of a socket.
    2. How to switch off a tool
    3. How to fix a tool.
    4. How to operate a tool.
  2. When should you release the button?
    1. After putting the plug into the socket.
    2. After placing the tip of the screwdriver.
    3. When the screw is strongly attached to its place.
    4. After taking the plug out of the socket.
  3. Why would you put the plug into the socket?
    1. To place the screw on the tip of the screwdriver.
    2. To switch on the power button.
    3. To push the button while you install the screw.
    4. To release the button.
  4. What is the final destination of the flight?
    1. Bangkok
    2. Copenhagen
    3. Dubai
    4. Calcutta
  5. What will happen in a few minutes?
    1. The plane will take off.
    2. The passengers will board the plane.
    3. The gate number will be announced.
    4. The flight will land in Dubai.
This is the end of the listening section.

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Prediksi UN Bahasa Inggris SMK SKL 2013/2014 - Try Out 9 (Reading Section)

Reading Section

5. Error Recognition: For questions 16 - 20, choose the inappropriate structure or word in the
    sentences below.

  1. Linda : Look! This painting is very beautiful.
                                          A
    Prita : I agree. I think it is the most beautiful painting in this art gallery.
                     B                                            C
    Linda : It’s Basuki Abdullah’s painting. He’s one of the better painters in Indonesia.
                                                                                                          D
  2. Tracy : Do you know what a grandfather clock is? I wonder what it looks like.
                                            A                                                                                   B
    Agus : It is a clock whom has an average person’s height, and maybe 20 to 24 inches wide.
                                          C                                                        D
  3. Reynald : Who is the girl sitting next to Arman?
                                                       A
    Rina : Do you mean the one whom is wearing a red dress?
                                                            B
    Reynald : Yes, I’ve never seen her here before.
                                                    C                           D
    Rina : Oh, she's Tyas, the new English teacher.
  4. Brian : I thought you were meeting your advisor.
                                                     A
    Hendra : I would have met her if she didn’t postpone the meeting. She rescheduled it.
                                         B                                         C                                                                    D
  5. Arman : You look so pleased. What’s the matter?
                                                A
    Rony : I got a bad mark for my maths test. I’m afraid I won’t pass the subject.
                    B                                                                C
    Arman : Don’t worry. There are three other tests. You can do better next time.
                                                                                                                     D
6. Reading Comprehension: Questions 21 - 30 are based on a selection of reading materials. Choose
     the best answer A, B, C, or D to each question.


Questions 21-23 refer to the following letter :
Ms. Ashley Crane
Savbizooe Ltd
28 Green St., Suite 11
Upstate, NY 10947

Dear Ms. Crane:

Thank you for ordering 15 cases of premium paper from Imperial Stationery Ltd. Your order has been shipped and should reach you within the next five business days.

Find enclosed your total bill for the above order amounting to $794.85, and the check for $23.85 is your refund. Because you paid in advance, we are giving you 3 percent cash discount and we also are paying for shipping and handling.

Imperial Stationery is pleased to add you to its list of customers. We look forward to your next order.

Sincerely,

Jennifer Lopez
Customer Service

2 enclosures

  1. Who is Ms. Ashley Crane?
    1. Manager of Imperial Stationery Ltd.
    2. Distributor of Imperial Stationery Ltd.
    3. Customer of Imperial Stationery Ltd.
    4. Customer service of Imperial Stationery Ltd.
  2. What are enclosed in the letter?
    1. Ms. Crane’s orders.
    2. The total bill and check.
    3. The discount.
    4. The list of customers.
  3. According to the letter, who is in charge for the shipping and handling?
    1. Ms. Ashley Crane.
    2. Imperial Stationery Ltd.
    3. Customer of Imperial Stationery Ltd.
    4. Customer Service of Imperial Stationery Ltd.
Questions 24-26 refer to the following text:
Excel Travel is the result of 50 years of experience within the Travel Industry between its President and Vice President in the fields of leisure travel, corporate travel, meetings, conferences, incentives & exhibitions – simply it is a one supplier one solution approach. Among its shareholders are leading Egyptian investors in Egypt and the region. In our third of operation, we are ranked among the top five Travel Management Companies in Egypt.

At Excel Travel we have worked carefully to select the right, highly trained personnel to properly manage your business. We are aiming at establishing continuous training programs to enhance the existing expertise. Our current headcount exceeds 90 employees. In Cairo we have two offices in addition to 3 Implants and we have branches within the following cities: Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, El Gouna, Taba.

  1. Which statement is NOT true according to the text above?
    1. Excel Travel was established 50 years ago by its President and Vice President.
    2. The leaders of Excel Travel have long years of experience in the travel industry.
    3. The stocks of the company are owned by leading Egyptian investors.
    4. Excel Travel is one of the best Travel Management Companies in Egypt.
  2. “... to enhance the existing expertise”. The antonym of “enhance” is ....
    1. Improve
    2. Raise
    3. Increase
    4. Decrease
  3. In how many cities in Egypt can you find Excel Travel?
    1. 7
    2. 8
    3. 9
    4. 10
Questions 27-28 refer to the following text
GRAPHIC DESIGNER

Job Purpose:
Prepares visual presentations by designing art and copy layouts.

Job Duties:

  • Prepares work to be accomplished by gathering information and materials.
  • Plans concept by studying information and materials.
  • Illustrates concept by designing rough layout of art and copy regarding arrangement, size, type size and style, and related aesthetic concepts.
  • Obtains approval of concept by submitting rough layout for approval.
  • Prepares finished copy and art by operating typesetting, printing, and similar equipment; purchasing from vendors.
  • Prepares final layout by marking and pasting up finished copy and art.
  • Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; following manufacturer's instructions; troubleshooting malfunctions; calling for repairs; maintaining equipment inventories; evaluating new equipment.
  • Completes projects by coordinating with outside agencies, art services, printers, etc.
  • Maintains technical knowledge by attending design workshops; reviewing professional publications; participating in professional societies.
Skills/Qualifications:
Graphic Design Skills, Layout Skills, Creative Services, Customer Focus, Creativity, Flexibility, Attention to Detail, Deadline-Oriented, Desktop Publishing Tools, Acute Vision, Handles Rejection.
  1. The followings are some duties of a graphic designer, except....
    1. Prepare and plan information and materials
    2. Ilustrate concept in a rough layout
    3. Get approval of the concept and prepare the finished copy and art
    4. Request vendors to prepare the final layout.
  2. What are the skills needed to be a graphic designer?
    1. Graphic design skills, layout skills, purchasing skills, customer focus, creativity, etc.
    2. Graphic design skills, layout skills, creativity, flexibility, deadline-oriented, etc.
    3. Graphic design skills, creative services, customer focus, financial management, etc.
    4. Graphic design skills, creative services, bargaining skills, creativity, acute vision, etc.
Questions 29-31 refer to the following text:
CLASSIC KING CRAB
Ingredients:
  • 3-4 pounds Alaskan king crab legs and claws
  • 1 stick of butter
  • Lemon wedges for garnish
Method:
  1. Melt the butter in a small pan and keep warm on its lowest setting.
  2. Set a steamer tray inside a large pot and pour enough water inside to steam the crab. Remember, you are only reheating the crab, so you will only need about an inch of water tops. Bring this to a boil before laying the crab legs on the steamer. Cover the pot and steam for 5 minutes.
  3. Remove the crab legs and use kitchen shears to cut the shells. You can either totally remove the meat from the shell or just get each one started for your guests. Serve with the melted butter.
  1. These are the kitchen equipment needed to make Classic King Crab, except ....
    1. A small pan.
    2. A large wok.
    3. A steamer.
    4. Kitchen shears.
  2. What should you do before laying the crab legs on the steamer?
    1. Set a steamer tray inside a large pot.
    2. Pour enough water inside the steamer.
    3. Boil an inch of water in the steamer.
    4. Cover the pot and steam for 5 minutes.
  3. Which is not true according to the text?
    1. You should open the pot while steaming the crab legs.
    2. First, you should melt the butter and keep it warm.
    3. You should serve the dish with the melted butter.
    4. You should steam the crab legs for 5 minutes.
7. Incomplete Dialog: In questions 32 to 41, choose the best answer to complete the dialog.


  1. Rio : Will you attend our high school reunion next Sunday?
    Marisa : I’m afraid I can’t. .... on that day.
    Rio : That's too bad.
    1. I will possibly be here
    2. I will attend it
    3. I maybe out of town
    4. I’d love to meet you all
  2. Martha : John, .... . It's getting darker. I can't read clearly.
    John : Alright. But I can’t see where the switch is.
    Martha : It’s near the door.
    1. Switch off the lamp.
    2. Please turn on the light.
    3. Please close all windows.
    4. What about locking the door.
  3. Dani : My throat hurts everytime I swallow.
    Mitha : I’ve told you not to drink too much ice. .... to have your throat examined.
    Dani: Yes, I’ll go there tonight.
    1. Let me see your throat
    2. You should not swallow
    3. You’d better drink hot water
    4. You should see the doctor
  4. Fred : Hello, Jeff! Where are the others? Haven’t they come yet?
    Jeff: No, they’re not coming. They’ve changed their mind.
    Fred : I wonder what they are doing right now.
    Jeff : ....
    1. They will go to swim.
    2. They’re going to swim.
    3. They’re going swimming.
    4. They will be going swimming.
  5. Waiter : Good evening, sir. What would you like to order?
    Customer : .... a grilled cheese sandwich, please.
    Waiter : Would you like anything to drink?
    Customer : Yes, I’d like a glass of coke, please.
    1. I’d like to make
    2. I’d like to have
    3. I’d like to serve
    4. I’d like you to order
  6. Mother : .... . You have to go to school early in the morning.
    Rossy : OK. Good night, mom.
    1. Don’t stay up late.
    2. Go to bed late.
    3. You should stay awake.
    4. I will go to bed now.
  7. Rizka : Did you get the tickets for Cherrybell’s concert?
    Dinda : No, I didn’t. The tickets were already sold out when I got there.
    Rizka : That’s too bad.
    Dinda : If I had come earlier, .... .
    1. I would miss the concert.
    2. I would not miss the concert.
    3. I would have missed the concert.
    4. I wouldn’t have missed the concert.
  8. Mr. Wardhana : Mr. Abraham wants all documents to be ready before the meeting.
    Liza : I’m sorry, sir. Which documents do you mean?
    Mr. Wardhana : About our company’s expansion to Asia. ...., haven’t you?
    Liza : Yes, sir. I’ll put them on his desk right away.
    1. You have finished it
    2. You would be able to finish
    3. You would have finished it
    4. You could have finished it
  9. Rizky : The Royal Wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton was spectacular.
    Brenda : I agree with you. .... on television, internet, and radio in many countries.
    1. I have watched it
    2. It was widely broadcasted
    3. It would be broadcasted
    4. It could have been broadcasted
  10. Rianti : ....
    Farhan : Yes, I’ve had it a few times. What about you?
    Rianti : I’ve never tried it.
    1. Have you ever eaten Thai food?
    2. Did you have Thai food for dinner?
    3. Could you get me Thai food?
    4. Would you like Thai food?
8. Cloze Test: Choose the most appropriate word or phrase to complete the texts.

Questions 42-44 refer to the following text:

MEMO

To : Abigail
From : Patricia Adam
Date : January 17, 2012
Subject : A round-trip ticket booking

I will need to attend a meeting in Jakarta. Please .... (42).... a round-trip ticket flight for me. I need to depart on Monday morning. If possible, please book the ... (43)... flight for me. I need to arrive in Jakarta before 9 a.m. I will leave Jakarta on Wednesday evening. Please put the ticket .... (44)... my desk on Friday afternoon.

Thank you.

42. A. book
      B. books
      C. booked
      D. booking
43. A. early
      B. earlier
      C. earliest
      D. earlier than
44. A. in
      B. on
      C. up
      D. above
Questions 45-47 refer to the following announcement:

Promotion Announcement

Subject Line: Jane Doe, Director of Marketing

We .... (45)... to announce the promotion of Jane Doe to Director of Marketing in the Corporate Communications department. Jane joined the company five years ago and has held positions in both the Advertising and Sales departments. Jane brings a wealth of experience to her new role and we are .... (46)... about her new role at the company. Please join us in welcoming Jane to Corporate Communications and .... (47)... her on the promotion.

Best Regards,
Marian Smith
Executive Director, Corporate Communications

45. A. thrilled
      B. are thrilled
      C. were thrilled
      D. could be thrilled
46. A. excited
      B. exciting
      C. being excited
      D. excitement
47. A. congratulation
      B. congratulate
      C. congratulated
      D. congratulating
Questions 48-50 refer to the following text:

EZ Contacts USA

At EZContacts ... (48)... the best contact lenses, designer eyeglasses frames, and prescription sunglasses from all major brand names in eye wear at the best price.Top quality contact lenses like Acuvuse, Soflens, Proclear, PureVision, AirOptix, and Biomedics are on .... (49)...!
FREE SHIPPING for all orders $99.00 or more!
Visit ezcontactsusa.com or call 1-888-267-5367 .... (50)... further information.
48. A. provide
      B. provides
      C. provided
      D. providing
49. A. discount
      B. discounted
      C. discountable
      D. discounter
50. A. in
      B. on
      C. at
      D. for

Sunday, February 2, 2014

Standar Kompetensi Lulusan (SKL) Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris SMK Tahun 2013/2014

A. Kompetensi Listening

Listening (Mendengarkan)
Memahami makna dalam wacana lisan interpersonal, transaksional, monolog sederhana dan teks fungsional pendek berkaitan dengan kehidupan sehari-hari, pekerjaan dan keprofesian.
  1. Pictures
    Indikator:
    1. Menentukan pernyataan lisan yang tepat tentang kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung di dalam ruangan (indoor)/di luar ruangan (outdoor) sesuai dengan gambar.
    2. Menentukan pernyataan lisan yang tepat tentang lokasi suatu benda/posisi seseorang sesuai dengan gambar.
    3. Menentukan pernyataan lisan yang tepat tentang penampilan (ciri-ciri fisik) seseorang/deskripsi benda sesuai dengan gambar.
  2. Questions/Statements-Responses
    Indikator:
    1. Menentukan respons yang tepat terhadap pernyataan/pertanyaan lisan yang berisi pemberian saran/pendapat.
    2. Menentukan respons yang tepat terhadap pernyataan/pertanyaan lisan yang mengungkapkan sebuah undangan/penawaran.
    3. Menentukan respons yang tepat terhadap pernyataan/pertanyaan lisan yang berisi pemberian arah atau lokasi suatu tempat/keberadaan seseorang/kondisi suatu benda/tempat.
  3. Short Conversations
    Indikator:
    1. Menentukan gambaran umum/informasi tertentu/informasi tersirat dari percakapan lisan singkat tentang kegiatan sehari-hari/kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung.
    2. Menentukan gambaran umum/informasi tertentu/informasi tersirat dari percakapan lisan singkat tentang pemesanan sesuatu/pemberitahuan tentang keadaan suatu barang.
    3. Menentukan gambaran umum/informasi tertentu/informasi tersirat dari percakapan lisan singkat tentang suatu perijinan/perjanjian.
    4. Menentukan gambaran umum/informasi tersirat dari percakapan lisan singkat tentang kegiatan masa lampau/pendapat terhadap sesuatu hal (benda/tempat/masalah).
  4. Short Talks (Monologs)
    Indikator:
    1. Menentukan gambaran umum/informasi tertentu/informasi rinci/informasi tersirat dengan tepat dari monolog lisan singkat tentang proses pengerjaan/pengoperasian suatu alat/tips melakukan sesuatu.
    2. Menentukan gambaran umum/informasi tertentu/informasi rinci/informasi tersirat dengan tepat dari monolog lisan singkat berbentuk pengumuman singkat/iklan singkat/brosur suatu produk.
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B. Kompetensi Reading

Reading (Membaca)
Memahami dan merespon makna dalam wacana tulis interpersonal dan transaksional, esai/monolog pendek dan teks fungsional pendek berkaitan dengan kehidupan sehari-hari, pekerjaan dan keprofesian.
  1. Error Recognition
    Indikator:
    1. Menentukan kata/frasa yang salah yang terdapat dalam kalimat yang menyatakan perbandingan benda/peraturan atau penolakan.
    2. Menentukan kata/frasa yang salah yang terdapat dalam kalimat yang menyatakan deskripsi benda/tempat wh-questions.
    3. Menentukan kata/frasa yang salah yang terdapat dalam kalimat yang menyatakan deskripsi fisik seseorang (physical appearance)/benda atau profesi seseorang.
    4. Menentukan kata/frasa yang salah yang terdapat dalam kalimat yang menyatakan pengandaian/ pilihan tindakan.
    5. Menentukan kata/frasa yang salah yang terdapat dalam kalimat yang menyatakan perasaan seseorang terhadap sesuatu/pendapat seseorang.
  2. Reading Comprehension
    Indikator:
    1. Menentukan pikiran utama paragraf/gambaran umum atau informasi tertentu/informasi rinci/informasi tersirat atau makna kata/frasa dalam surat/memo/pesan/e-mail bersifat bisnis.
    2. Menentukan pikiran utama paragraf/gambaran umum atau informasi tertentu/informasi rinci/informasi tersirat atau makna kata/frasa dari deskripsi perusahaan/profil perusahaan.
    3. Menentukan pikiran utama paragraf/gambaran umum atau informasi tertentu/informasi rinci/informasi tersirat atau makna kata/frasa pada deskripsi pekerjaan seseorang di waktu lampau/job descriptions.
    4. Menentukan pikiran utama paragraf/gambaran umum atau informasi rinci/informasi tersirat, atau makna kata/frasa dalam sebuah teks procedure dalam bentuk a.l. manual/ resep/ petunjuk/instruksi atau iklan.
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C. Kompetensi Writing

Writing (Menulis)
Mengungkapkan dan merespon makna dalam teks tulis fungsional pendek dan esai sederhana bentuk recount/news item/procedure secara akurat dan berterima dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari, pekerjaan dan keprofesian.
  1. Incomplete Dialog
    Indikator
    1. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi uraian tentang suatu kemungkinan/ pemberian pendapat.
    2. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi penawaran sesuatu/perintah.
    3. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi permohonan/pemberian saran.
    4. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi uraian tentang kegiatan rutin/gerund.
    5. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi suatu pilihan atau pemesanan barang/jasa.
    6. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi perintah/permohonan/saran.
    7. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi pengandaian/penggunaan used to (kebiasaan waktu lampau).
    8. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi rencana/janji yang akan datang/question tag.
    9. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang berisi kegiatan waktu lampau/passive voice.
    10. Menentukan ungkapan untuk melengkapi dialog yang terkait dengan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung/present perfect tense.
  2. Cloze Test
    Indikator
    1. Menentukan kosa kata (kata kerja/kata depan/kata sifat) yang tepat untuk melengkapi teks rumpang tidak lengkap pada surat bisnis berbentuk surat lamaran kerja/memo.
    2. Menentukan kosa kata (kata kerja/kata depan/kata sifat) yang tepat untuk melengkapi teks rumpang tidak lengkap pada sebuah pengumuman/pemberitahuan.
    3. Menentukan kosa kata (kata kerja/kata depan/kata sifat) yang tepat untuk melengkapi teks rumpang tidak lengkap pada iklan/brosur singkat.