Check Our Latest Update

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris (English Olympiad) Tingkat SMP / MTs SMKN 1 Probolinggo Tahun 2022

K abar gembira bagi para pelajar sekolah menengah pertama dan sederajat (SMP / MTs). Setelah vakum akibat pandemi selama kurang lebih 2 (du...

Home Posts filed under Comparison
Showing posts with label Comparison. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Comparison. Show all posts

January 11, 2022

Comparative Exercises: Comparing Things in English

B
efore doing the exercises below, you may want to review what we have learned about comparisons in "Degrees of Comparison: Positive, Comparative, Superlative, dan Parallel Increase". As a reminder, here is how to compare things using adjectives.
A. Using Positive Degree:
To show that two things or people are similar in some way, we can use "as + adjective + as". Example sentences:
  • The tiger is as dangerous as the lion.
  • For me, the rose is as beautiful as the sunflower.
B. Using Comparative degree:
To compare two things which are not similar, we can use "comparative adjectives + than". Comparatives can be "adjective + er + than" or "more + adjective + than". To learn more about comparative adjectives, read THIS.
  • Apples are smaller than coconuts.
  • This motorcycle is more expensive than that one.
C. Using Superlative degree:
To compare three or more things, one of which is superior or inferior to the others, we use a "the superlative". The superlative can be formed with "the + adjective + est" or "the most + adjective".
  • John is the tallest boy in his class.
  • The rose is the most beautiful flower in my garden.
EXERCISES
I. Write the comparative of the adjectives below.
Example:
  • big: bigger.
    1. pretty: ....
    2. interesting: ....
    3. strong: ....
    4. serious: ....
    5. happy: ....
    6. good: ....
    7. bad: ....
    8. delicious: ....
    9. loud: ....
    10. heavy: ....
    II. Multiple choice quiz.
    III. Look at the pictures below and complete each sentence using the given adjectives.
    Comparative
    1. A is ...(big)... B.
    2. A is ...(big)... C.
    3. C is ...(small)... A.
    4. C is ...(small)... box.
    5. C is not ...(big)... B.
    6. B is ...(big)... than C.
    7. Comparing Things
    8. The red motorcycle is ...(fast)... the green one.
    9. The blue motorcycle is ...(slow)... the yellow one.
    10. The blue motorcycle is ...(fast)... the red one.
    11. The yellow motorcycle is ...(fast)... of all.
    12. The blue motorcycle is not ...(fast)... the yellow one.
    13. The green motorcycle is much ...(slow)... the yellow one.
    14. The green motorcycle is ...(slow)... of all.
    15. The yellow motorcycle is much ...(fast)... the green one.
    16. The green motorcycle is ...(fast)... the yellow one.
    III. Complete each of the below sentences using a comparative.
    Example:
  • Her car isn't very big. She wants a bigger one.
  • Her car is old. She wants a newer one.
    1. My job isn't very interesting. I want to do something ....
    2. He is not very tall. His brother is ....
    3. My car is old. I want to buy a ... one.
    4. These flowers aren't very nice. The blue ones are ....
    5. My chair is not comfortable. Yours is ....
    6. This car is too expensive. I want to buy a ... one.
    7. The food here isn't very good. I know a place that serves ... food.
    8. Tom doesn't work very hard. Jim works ....
    9. This knife isn't very sharp. Have you got a ... one?
    10. Our team didn't play well. The opponent played ....
    11. This beach isn't very beautiful. Mandalika beach is ....
    12. People today aren't very polite. In the past they were ....
    13. This table is too big. Let's find a ... one.
    14. Lombok is too far. I think we'll visit a ... place.
    15. The exercise is too difficult for them. They need something ....
    Prev: BSE SMK/MAK XII 62711 753PM PV5098

    June 12, 2013

    Degrees of Comparison: Positive, Comparative, Superlative, dan Parallel Increase

    Degrees of Comparison: Positive, Comparative, Superlative, dan Parallel Increase

    D
    alam berkomunikasi menggunakan bahasa Inggris, seringkali kita harus menggunakan kalimat berisi "degrees of comparison". Apakah "degrees of comparison" itu? "Degrees of comparison" adalah kalimat bermakna perbandingan (comparison) ketika kita membandingkan suatu benda, orang, maupun aktifitas dengan yang lainnya. Fungsi kalimat perbandingan atau "comparison" adalah untuk mencari kesamaan atau perbedaan dalam hal kualitas, tingkatan, jumlah, atau perkiraan. Bentuk perbandingan (comparison) adalah poin yang selalu diujikan dalam tes-tes bahasa Inggris seperti Ujian Nasional, TOEFL, dan TOEIC.

    Bentuk-bentuk Comparison

    Ada 3 (tiga) bentuk comparison dalam bahasa Inggris, yaitu positive/equivalence, comparative, dan superlative. Bentuk-bentuk kata sifat (adjective) dan kata keterangan (adverb) yang beraturan dalam kalimat comparative dan superlative adalah sebagai berikut:
    1. Kata-kata bersuku kata tunggal diberi akhiran "–er" dan "–est".
    2. PositiveComparativeSuperlative
      new
      old
      big
      soon
      late
      newer
      older
      bigger
      sooner
      later
      newest
      oldest
      biggest
      soonest
      latest
    3. Kata-kata dengan dua atau lebih suku kata didahului oleh "more" dan "most".
    4. PositiveComparativeSuperlative
      interesting
      convenient
      beautiful
      easily
      carefully
      more interesting
      more convenient
      more beautiful
      more easily
      more carefully
      most interesting
      most convenient
      most beautiful
      most easily
      most carefully
    5. Kata-kata dengan dua suku kata dan berakhir dengan "–y" atau "–ly", "-ow", "-le" dan "–er" diberi akhiran "–er" dan "–est".
    6. PositiveComparativeSuperlative
      tiny
      speedy
      early
      friendly
      shallow
      narrow
      clever
      tinier
      speedier
      earlier
      friendlier
      shallower
      narrower
      cleverer
      tiniest
      speediest
      earliest
      friendliest
      shallowest
      narrowest
      cleverest
    7. Kata-kata lainnya dengan dua suku kata kebanyakan diawali dengan "more" dan "most".
    8. PositiveComparativeSuperlative
      careful
      careless
      boring
      awful
      complex
      more careful
      more careless
      more boring
      more awful
      more complex
      most careful
      most careless
      most boring
      most awful
      most complex
    9. Beberapa kata dengan dua suku kata bisa berakhiran "-er", "-est" atau di dahului "more", "most".
    10. PositiveComparativeSuperlative
      common
      gentle
      quiet
      commoner/more common
      gentler/more gentle
      quieter/more quiet
      commonest/most common
      gentlest/most gentle
      quietest/most quiet
    11. Kata keterangan (adverb) berakhiran –ly didahului oleh "more" dan "most".
    12. PositiveComparativeSuperlative
      quickly
      slowly
      badly
      more quickly
      more slowly
      more badly
      most quickly
      most slowly
      most badly
    13. Beberapa kata sifat (adjective) dan kata keterangan (adverb) memiliki bentuk comparative dan superlative tidak beraturan (irregular).
    14. PositiveComparativeSuperlative
      bad
      far
      good
      many
      badly
      far
      little
      much
      well
      worse
      farther/further
      better
      more
      worse
      farther/further
      less
      more
      better
      worst
      farthest/furthest
      best
      most
      worst
      farthest/furthest
      least
      most
      best

    Penggunaan Bentuk Perbandingan (Comparison)

    Bentuk perbandingan atau comparisons digunakan untuk mengungkapkan kesetaraan atau equivalence (positive), Ketidak-setaraan atau non-equivalence (comparative), tingkatan tertinggi atau the highest degree of something (superlative), dan peningkatan secara paralel atau parallel increase.
    1. Equivalence atau positive:
      Bentuk perbandingan positive digunakan untuk mengungkapkan atau menggambarkan kesetaraan, atau tingkatan yang sama atau serupa dalam hal kualitas, tingkatan, jumlah, atau perkiraan antara dua benda atau orang.
      Contoh:
      1. Here, the term ‘processor’ is equivalent to the central processing unit.
      2. Fatin has become as famous as Agnes Monica.
      3. Some companies have as many computers as employees.
      4. Some companies use both computers and conventional filing systems for storing data.
      5. A computer virus is like a virus in the human body. It can do a lot of damage.
      6. Many chat engine softwares are similar in that they share certain common functions.

    2. Non-equivalence atau Comparative:
      Bentuk comparative digunakan untuk membandingkan atau menggambarkan ketidak-samaan dalam hal kualitas, tingkatan, jumlah, atau perkiraan antara dua benda atau orang.
      Contoh:
      1. American cars are usually larger and more expensive than Japanese cars.
      2. Learning to use a computer is not as difficult as learning to program.
      3. Riding a motorcycle is not the same as driving a car.
      4. A notebook costs less than a lap top.
      5. Unlike factory-sealed software, pirated versions may contain viruses.
      6. You can save money with a network because you will need fewer printers.

    3. The highest degree atau superlative:
      Bentuk superlative digunakan untuk membandingkan suatu benda atau seseorang yang memiliki kualitas, tingkatan, jumlah, atau perkiraan tertinggi atau terendah dengan sekelompok benda atau orang lainnya.
      Contoh:
      1. This is the most popular type on the market today.
      2. For me, English is the least difficult language to learn.
      3. The best programs are those adapted specifically to your own needs.

    4. Parallel increase:
      Bentuk parallel increase adalah dua bentuk comparative yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan atau menggambarkan dua perubahan kualitas, tingkatan, jumlah, atau perkiraan yang terjadi secara paralel.
      Contoh:
      1. The more memory your computer has, the more data it can store.
      2. The bigger your computer system, the less time you spend waiting.
      3. The more training you give to your employees, the better they will perform.