In this post, we are going to focus and take a closer look at Conditional sentence type 0 and type 1.
Conditional sentence type 0
Usage / function:
- Conditional sentences in "If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Simple Present)..." can be used to express general truths / facts. (see examples a and b below)
- Conditional sentences in "If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Imperative)...." can be used to express suggestions, instructions, or commands. (see examples c and d below)
- If the moon passes between the sun and Earth, a solar eclipse happens.
- If we heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils.
- If you arrive at the station, call me.
- If you want to turn on the device, press this button.
Conditional sentence type 1
Usage / function:Conditional sentences in "If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Simple Future / Modals)..." can be used to express;
- reminders (see examples a and b below)
- suggestions (see examples c and d below)
- If you eat too much, you will get a stomachache.
- If you don't shut that window, we will die of cold.
- If we want to see the sunrise, we will have to leave very early.
- If you want to buy that car, you should provide a bigger garage.
A. Match the sentences on the left with the ones on the right. Number 1 has been done for you as an example.
|If you need help,||somebody will open the door.|
|If we keep ice in a hot temperature,||they will get wet.|
|If you fail the exam,||let's go for a swim.|
|If you ring the bell,||it melts.|
|If it rains,||consult your advisor.|
|If it is fine,||you'll need to take a remedial test.|
- If you need help, consult your advisor.
B. Write correct conditional sentences by putting the verbs in the bracket into the correct form. In some sentences, conditional sentence type 0 and 1 can be used interchangeably. Number 1 has been done as an example.
- If I get a ticket, I (go) to the concert.
Answer: If I get a ticket, I will go to the concert.
- If we have time, we (visit) you.
- If you don't watch the TV, (turn) it off.
- If the weather is fine, we (go) to the beach.
- If you want those pictures, I (send) you the copies.
- If you don't feel well, (stay) at home.
C. Complete the following conditional sentences using your own ideas and words.
- If you pass the exam, ....
- If I finish my study, ....
- If you want to have it, ....
- If you have a question, ....
- If the weather is fine this afternoon, ....