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Soal Reading Bahasa Inggris Ujian Sekolah & VIERA / TOEIC Preparation - Volume 2

Direction: Choose the best answer to the questions Boy : What are you going to do after completing your study? Are you going to the unive...

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March 21, 2022

Soal Olimpiade / Ujian Sekolah Bahasa Inggris Elementary SD - SMP Paket 3A

Multiple Choice Questions
Instruction: Choose the best answer, A, B, C, or D, to each question.
  1. Complete the dialogue below.
    Risa: What are you going to do this weekend?
    Lina: I ... my uncle in Malang.
    1. have visited
    2. visit
    3. am going to visit
    4. visited
  2. Complete the dialogue below.
    Ita: This room is very hot and stuffy.
    Dio: Yes, we need fresh air. ....
    1. Close the door
    2. Turn on the lights
    3. Open the windows
    4. Close the windows

  3. Which sentence best describes the above picture?
    1. The scoutboys are setting up a tent.
    2. The tent is now ready for camping.
    3. The scoutboys are removing the tent.
    4. The campsite is very crowded today.
  4. Look at the picture in question number 3. The scouts are wearing their ....
    1. unicorn
    2. uniform
    3. union
    4. united
  5. Complete the dialogue below.
    Ari: Do you do sports?
    Ifa: .... I play badminton.
    1. Yes, I do
    2. No, I don’t
    3. Yes, I am
    4. No, I am not
  6. Complete the dialogue below.
    Roni: We have to keep this room clean, so ....
    Kiki: Allright.
    1. don't litter
    2. be quiet
    3. have a great time
    4. stand in line
  7. Complete the dialogue below.
    Dani: ... do you play basketball?
    Hari: At least once a week.
    1. Where
    2. When
    3. How
    4. How often
  8. Arrange these jumbled words into a good sentence.
    a magazineisroomherAnniereadingin
    1. 5 - 2 - 6 - 7 - 4 - 3 - 1
    2. 5 - 2 - 6 - 1 - 7 - 4 - 3
    3. 5 - 7 - 4 - 3 - 2 - 6 -1
    4. 5 - 2 - 6 - 4 - 3 - 7 - 1
  9. Complete the dialogue below.
    Adi: What's your favorite sport, Tom?
    Tom: Well, I like football.
    Adi: .... Football is my favorite game, too.
    1. So am I.
    2. Yes, I am.
    3. I am too.
    4. So do I.
  10. Complete the dialogue below.
    Rani: Can you play tennis, Mary?
    Mary: Yes, but ....
    1. I'm not good at it
    2. I can play very well
    3. you can't play tennis
    4. I play tennis a lot
  11. The room is dark. ....
    1. Close the door.
    2. Turn on the lights.
    3. Put the lamp.
    4. Turn off the lamps.
  12. In questions 12 to 20, fill in the blank spaces with the correct word/phrase based on the picture below.This is a picture of a ...(12).... The room looks very ...(13).... In the center of the room, there are two green ...(14)... and a table. A flower ...(15)... is on the table. To the right, there is a ...(16)... with a TV set on it. It has three ...(17).... The window in the room is ...(18).... The window has red ...(19).... Next to the window, you can see a picture hanging on the ...(20)....
  13. This is a picture of a ...(12)....
    1. bathroom
    2. bedroom
    3. diningroom
    4. livingroom
  14. The room looks very ...(13)....
    1. messy
    2. tidy
    3. tiny
    4. empty
  15. In the center of the room, there are two blue ...(14)... and a table.
    1. armchairs
    2. sofas
    3. cushions
    4. rocking chairs
  16. A flower ...(15)... is on the table.
    1. vast
    2. face
    3. vase
    4. fast
  17. To the right, there is a ...(16)... with a TV set on it.
    1. table
    2. shelf
    3. stand
    4. cabinet
  18. It has three ...(17)....
    1. selves
    2. shelves
    3. self
    4. shaves
  19. The window in the room is ...(18)....
    1. closed
    2. open
    3. closet
    4. locked
  20. The window has red ...(19)....
    1. contents
    2. currents
    3. certain
    4. curtains
  21. Next to the window, you can see a picture hanging on the ...(20)....
    1. well
    2. wall
    3. brick
    4. wool

  22. Questions 21 to 27 refer to the following timetable
    This is Rina's classroom timetable. Answer the following questions based on the timetable.
    07.00 - 07.35
    07.35 - 08.10
    08.10 - 08.45
    08.45 - 09.20
    09.20 - 09.55
    09.55 - 10.30
    10.30 - 11.05
    11.05 - 11.40
    11.40 - 12.15
    Flag ceremony
    Social Science
    Social Science
    Civic Education
    Civic Education
    Civic Education
    Indonesian Language
    Indonesian Language
    Natural Science
    Natural Science
    Natural Science
    Indonesian Language
    Indonesian Language
    Indonesian Language
    Art and Culture
    Art and Culture
    07.00 - 07.35
    07.35 - 08.10
    08.10 - 08.45
    08.45 - 09.20
    09.20 - 09.55
    09.55 - 10.30
    10.30 - 11.05
    11.05 - 11.40
    11.40 - 12.15
    Civic Education
    Civic Education
    Social Science
    Social Science
    Social Science
    Natural Science
    Natural Science
    Physical Exercise
    Physical Exercise
    Traditional Language
    Traditional Language
    Art and Culture
    Art and Culture
  23. Rina has English subject starting at ... on Mondays.
    1. half past ten
    2. half past eleven
    3. A quarter to ten
    4. A quarter to eleven
  24. Rina usually goes home at 12.15 except on ....
    1. Fridays and Sundays
    2. Mondays and Saturdays
    3. Sundays and Saturdays
    4. Fridays and Saturdays
  25. Rina has a flag ceremony on Mondays. It lasts for ....
    1. three minutes and a half
    2. thirty minutes
    3. thirty five minutes
    4. one hour
  26. Today is Tuesday. The Indonesian language lesson will start at ....
    1. a quarter to eight
    2. a quarter past eight
    3. half past eight
    4. a quarter to nine
  27. On Monday, Rina's math teacher said, 'we will have a test in the next meeting.' It means Rina will have a math test on ....
    1. Tuesday
    2. Wednesday
    3. Thursday
    4. Friday
  28. On Fridays, the break starts at ....
    1. twenty minutes to nine
    2. twelve minutes to nine
    3. twelve minutes past nine
    4. twenty minutes past nine
  29. Rina likes studying about nature and living things. Therefore, her favorite subject is ....
    1. Civic Education
    2. Social Science
    3. Natural Science
    4. Mathematics

  30. Complete the dialogue below.
    Buyer: How much does it cost?
    Seller: It ... seventy thousand rupiahs.
    1. cost
    2. costs
    3. costing
    4. costly
  1. Complete the dialogue below.
    Buyer: How much is ... of sardine?
    Seller: Fifteen thousand rupiahs.
    1. a bottle of
    2. a bag of
    3. a tube of
    4. a can of
  2. "Alya has lunch at a half past one."
    Which shows the correct time?
    1. Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Elementary
    2. Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Elementary
    3. Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Elementary
    4. Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Elementary
  3. Look at the picture on the right. What time is it?clock
    1. It is half past six.
    2. It is half past seven.
    3. It is a quarter past six.
    4. It is a quarter to seven.
  4. Questions 32 to 36 refer to the following text

    Here I am at the supermarket. I am Nadia and I am with my best friend Anita. She likes supermarkets and I like them, too. That’s why we often shop at a supermarket for our needs.

    I like cereals and milk. Anita prefers potato chips and soft drink. I like milk because it’s very important for our bones, especially for children! And you, do you like milk?

    I also like fruit. Anita likes fruit, too. I like mangoes, but Anita prefers grapes. I don’t like durians and Anita doesn’t like durians either.

  5. Based on the text, we can conclude that ....
    1. None of them likes supermarkets.
    2. Both of them like supermarkets.
    3. They like both supermarkets and traditional markets.
    4. Either one of them likes supermarkets.
  6. Nadia likes milk because ....
    1. Anita likes it too.
    2. she doesn't like durians.
    3. it's not expensive.
    4. it's good for children.
  7. According to the text, which of the following sentences is NOT true?
    1. Nadia likes cereals and milk.
    2. Anita’s mother likes chocolate bread.
    3. Anita likes potato chips and soft drink.
    4. Nadia and Anita don’t like durians.
  8. Nadia likes cereals and milk ... Anita prefers potato chips and soft drink.
    1. but
    2. and
    3. so
    4. because
  9. Anita likes grapes ... mangoes.
    1. than
    2. to
    3. and
    4. better than

  10. Arrange the jumbled words into a good order.
    1. 3 – 4 – 6 – 2 – 8 – 7 – 5 – 9 – 1
    2. 6 – 2 – 4 – 3 – 8 – 7 – 5 – 9 – 1
    3. 3 – 8 – 7 – 5 – 9 – 1 – 4 – 6 – 2
    4. 3 – 8 – 7 – 5 – 6 – 2 – 1 – 9 – 4
  11. The students are working hard ... win the competition.
    1. so that
    2. in order to
    3. for
    4. so
  12. I can't join the gathering because I have ... work to do.
    1. many
    2. much
    3. a lot
    4. a lot of
  13. Dea: Where are you going?
    Ita: The shop. We need ... sugar.
    1. any
    2. much
    3. some
    4. many

January 11, 2022

Comparative Exercises: Comparing Things in English

efore doing the exercises below, you may want to review what we have learned about comparisons in "Degrees of Comparison: Positive, Comparative, Superlative, dan Parallel Increase". As a reminder, here is how to compare things using adjectives.
A. Using Positive Degree:
To show that two things or people are similar in some way, we can use "as + adjective + as". Example sentences:
  • The tiger is as dangerous as the lion.
  • For me, the rose is as beautiful as the sunflower.
B. Using Comparative degree:
To compare two things which are not similar, we can use "comparative adjectives + than". Comparatives can be "adjective + er + than" or "more + adjective + than". To learn more about comparative adjectives, read THIS.
  • Apples are smaller than coconuts.
  • This motorcycle is more expensive than that one.
C. Using Superlative degree:
To compare three or more things, one of which is superior or inferior to the others, we use a "the superlative". The superlative can be formed with "the + adjective + est" or "the most + adjective".
  • John is the tallest boy in his class.
  • The rose is the most beautiful flower in my garden.
I. Write the comparative of the adjectives below.
  • big: bigger.
    1. pretty: ....
    2. interesting: ....
    3. strong: ....
    4. serious: ....
    5. happy: ....
    6. good: ....
    7. bad: ....
    8. delicious: ....
    9. loud: ....
    10. heavy: ....
    II. Multiple choice quiz.
    III. Look at the pictures below and complete each sentence using the given adjectives.
    1. A is ...(big)... B.
    2. A is ...(big)... C.
    3. C is ...(small)... A.
    4. C is ...(small)... box.
    5. C is not ...(big)... B.
    6. B is ...(big)... than C.
    7. Comparing Things
    8. The red motorcycle is ...(fast)... the green one.
    9. The blue motorcycle is ...(slow)... the yellow one.
    10. The blue motorcycle is ...(fast)... the red one.
    11. The yellow motorcycle is ...(fast)... of all.
    12. The blue motorcycle is not ...(fast)... the yellow one.
    13. The green motorcycle is much ...(slow)... the yellow one.
    14. The green motorcycle is ...(slow)... of all.
    15. The yellow motorcycle is much ...(fast)... the green one.
    16. The green motorcycle is ...(fast)... the yellow one.
    III. Complete each of the below sentences using a comparative.
  • Her car isn't very big. She wants a bigger one.
  • Her car is old. She wants a newer one.
    1. My job isn't very interesting. I want to do something ....
    2. He is not very tall. His brother is ....
    3. My car is old. I want to buy a ... one.
    4. These flowers aren't very nice. The blue ones are ....
    5. My chair is not comfortable. Yours is ....
    6. This car is too expensive. I want to buy a ... one.
    7. The food here isn't very good. I know a place that serves ... food.
    8. Tom doesn't work very hard. Jim works ....
    9. This knife isn't very sharp. Have you got a ... one?
    10. Our team didn't play well. The opponent played ....
    11. This beach isn't very beautiful. Mandalika beach is ....
    12. People today aren't very polite. In the past they were ....
    13. This table is too big. Let's find a ... one.
    14. Lombok is too far. I think we'll visit a ... place.
    15. The exercise is too difficult for them. They need something ....
    Prev: BSE SMK/MAK XII 62711 753PM PV5098

    January 01, 2022

    Report Text With Exercises For Elementary - Intermediate Learners

    ead the text below and do the exercises.
    You may look at your dictionary while doing the exercises.

    Things Around Us

    There are many things around us. They can be different in size, shape, color, smell or texture. They can also be made from different materials. Things are different because they have different properties.

    Things are similar in some ways too. Let's take a look at how things can be similar.

    Reading Text For Elementary
    Things have weight
    The weight of a book tells us how heavy that book is. Every thing, be it big or small, has weight. We often use 'heavy' or 'light' to describe the weight of something.

    Some things, such as a pencil or a feather, are light. We can lift them easily. Some things, such as a cupboard or a desk, are heavy. We cannot lift them easily.

    It is easy to lift an empty pail, but when the pail is full of water, it is harder to lift it. This shows that water has weight.

    What about air? Does it have weight? Air, like water, and all the things around us, has weight too.

    Things occupy space
    Look at this cupboard. Only one shelf is filled with books.

    The books occupy half the space in the cupboard. There is still space for some more books.

    The glass is filled with colored water. The water occupies all the space in the glass. What do you think will happen if you put a few pieces of ice into the glass of water?

    Air occupies space too. When we blow air into a balloon, the air fills the space inside the balloon.

    In science, anything that has weight and occupies space is called matter.

    I. Match each word with its synonym.
    II. State whether these sentences are "TRUE" or "FALSE"
    III. Complete this crossword puzzle.

    December 04, 2021

    A Lot Of, Many, Or Much?

    A Lot Of, Many, Or Much
    I. "A lot of"
    "A lot of" is used for all types of sentences, affirmative (positive), interrogative (questions), or negative sentences, for both countable and uncountable nouns.
    1. Example sentences with "a lot of" + countable nouns:
      • I have a lot of books.
      • Bob doesn't have a lot of clothes.
      • Do you have a lot of friends?
    2. Example sentences with "a lot of" + uncountable nouns:
      • I have a lot of work to do.
      • Ali doesn't have a lot of money.
      • Do you have a lot of spare time?
    Note: "Much" is never used in affirmative / positive sentences, while "many" can sometimes be used at the beginning of an affirmative / positive sentence, especially when the meaning is negative.
    II. "Many" and "much"
    "Many" and "much" are used in interrogative (questions) and negative sentences. "Many" is used for both countable nouns, whereas "much" is for uncountable nouns.
    1. Example of interrogative sentences with "many" + countable nouns:
      • Do you have many books?
      • Does Siti have many clothes?
      • Do you have many photos?
      • I don't have many books.
      • Siti doesn't have many clothes.
      • I don't have many photos.
    2. Example of interrogative sentences with "much" + uncountable nouns:
      • Do you have much paper?
      • Does Ali have much money?
      • Do you have much spare time?
      • I don't have much paper.
      • Ali doesn't have much money.
      • I don't have much spare time.
    III. "A lot", "many" and "much" without a noun
    "A lot", "many" and "much" can also be used without a noun.
    Example sentences:
    • I have some money but not much.
    • I took some pictures but not many.
    • She spoke to me but she didn't say much.
    • Do you watch TV much? ~ No, not much.
    • We like films, so we go to the cinema a lot.
    • I don't like him very much.
    IV. Exercises
    A. Interactive Quiz
    Complete each sentence by filling in the blank spaces with the correct answer, "a lot of", "many", or "much".
    B. Writing Exercise
    Rewrite the following sentences into the interrogative (questions).
    1. He has a lot of friends.
    2. Bill takes a lot of medicine.
    3. This hotel has a lot of rooms.
    4. There are a lot of bananas on the table.
    5. They drink a lot of tea.
    Rewrite the following sentences into the negative.
    1. He is saving a lot of money.
    2. There are a lot of kangaroos in the country.
    3. There are a lot of people in front of the building.
    4. She eats a lot of biscuits.
    5. There is a lot of traffic in the streets during rush hours.
    Complete the following sentences using "a lot of", "many", or "much". Sometimes, more than one answer may be possible.
    1. Ali has ... spare time.
    2. Indonesia has ... beautiful beaches.
    3. Does Brisbane have ... bridges?
    4. Do you eat ... rice?
    5. We don't have ... bread.
    6. Do they have ... different customs?
    7. Barbara has ... flowers in her garden.
    8. We usually have ... rain from October to April.
    9. There are ... islands in Indonesia.
    10. Do they grow ... rice?
    11. How ... money have you got?
    12. How ... photographs did you take?
    13. How ... is this book?
    14. How ... does the ticket cost?
    15. Did they ask you ... questions?

    September 09, 2021

    Exercises: The Simple Past VS Present Perfect Tense (Intermediate)

    Simple Past VS Present Perfect
    n this post, we are going to do some exercises on contrasting the Simple Past with the Present Perfect tense. To learn about the differences between the Simple Past and the Present Perfect tense, read "Contrasting The Simple Past VS The Present Perfect Simple".

    To learn more about both tenses separately, read "Simple Past Tense: Bentuk, Penggunaan, dan Latihan Soal" and "Present Perfect Tense: Bentuk, Penggunaan, dan Latihan Soal".

    A. Use the words in brackets to answer the questions.
    Man: "Has the package arrived?"
    Woman: "Yes, ...(a few hours ago)...."
    Answer: "Yes, it arrived a few hours ago."
    1. Man: "Have you seen Bob?"
      Woman: "Yes, ...(a few minutes ago)...."
    2. Woman: "Have you started your new job?"
      Man: "Yes, ...(last week)...."
    3. Man: "Have you had lunch?"
      Woman: "Yes, ...(an hour ago)...."
    4. Man: "Have you submitted the report?"
      Woman: "...(yesterday)...."
    5. Man: "Have they contacted you?"
      Woman: "...(on Monday)...."
    B. Right or wrong? Correct the underlined verbs if they are wrong.
    • I've lost my key. I can't find it.
      Answer: RIGHT
    • Have you seen Bob yesterday?
      Answer: WRONG: Did you see Bob yesterday?
    1. I've finished my work at 2 o'clock.
    2. I'm ready now. I've finished my work at 2 o'clock.
    3. What time have you finished your work?
    4. Sue isn't here. She's gone out.
    5. Jim's grandfather has died in 2009.
    6. Where have you been last night?
    7. I have started my carreer as a teacher in 2002.
    8. I have worked as a teacher for more than 20 years.
    9. Laila left a few minutes ago.
    10. The letter hasn't arrived yesterday.
    C. Put the verbs in the simple past or present perfect.
    • I ...(lose)... my key. I can't find it.
      Answer: I've lost my key. I can't find it.
    • We ...(not have)... a holiday last year.
      Answer: We didn't have a holiday last year.
    1. My friend is a writer. He ...(write)... many books.
    2. I ...(play)... tennis yesterday afternoon.
    3. What time ...(you/go)... to bed last night?
    4. ...(you/ever/meet)... a famous person?
    5. The weather ...(not/be)... very good yesterday.
    6. My hair is wet. I ...(just wash)... it.
    7. I ...(wash)... my hair before breakfast this morning.
    8. Kathy travels a lot. She ...(visit)... many countries.
    9. Sonia isn't here. She ...(not/come)... yet.
    10. We ...(live)... in Malang for two years but now we live in Jember.
    11. Man: "Have you ever been to Bali?"
      Woman: "Yes, we ...(go)... there on holiday last year.
    12. Man: "Where's Tika?"
      Woman: "I don't know. I ...(not see)... her.
    13. Lia works in an office. She ...(work)... there for almost two years.
    14. I ...(meet)... your sister at a party last week. She's very nice.
    15. I ...(wait)... here since seven o'clock and she ...(not come)... yet.
    16. I ...(look)... at this picture for five minutes, but I can't see you in it.
    17. COVID-19 outbreak ...(start)... in early 2020.
    18. Since then, the government ...(take)... various measures to stop the spread of the virus.
    19. The World Health Organization ...(declare)... COVID-19 a pandemic in March 2020.
    20. ...(you/see)... a good movie lately?
    Want to practice more? Try to do another exercise on contrasting the Simple Past with the Present Perfect tense HERE.

    August 25, 2021

    Some VS Any: Exercises

    fter studying the difference between "some" and "any" and how to use them HERE, do the following exercises.
    A. Fill in the blanks with "some" or "any".
    Some VS Any
    1. I bought ... cheese but I didn't buy ... bread.
    2. I am going to the shop. We need ... sugar.
    3. There aren't ... shops in this part of town.
    4. Rio and Hannah haven't got ... children.
    5. Have you got ... brothers or sisters?
    6. There are ... beautiful flowers in the garden.
    7. Do you know ... good hotels in Malang?
    8. Would you like ... tea? I've just made ....
    9. When we were on holiday, we visited ... very interesting places.
    10. Don't buy ... rice. We don't need ....
    11. I went out to buy ... milk but they didn't have ... in the shop.
    12. I'm thirsty. Can I have ... water, please?
    13. Can you give ... information about places of interests in the town?
    14. I was too tired to do ... work.
    15. Man: "Have you seen ... good films recently?"
      Woman: "No, I haven't been to the cinema for ages."
    B. Complete the sentences with "some" or "any" + one of these words.
    air   cheese   help   emails   photographs   batteries   friends   languages   milk   shampoo
    1. I want to wash my hair. Is there ...?
    2. We have received ... from buyers complaining about the product.
    3. I haven't got my camera, so I can't take ....
    4. Do you speak ... foreign ...?
    5. Yesterday evening I went to a restaurant with ... of mine.
    6. Can I have ... in my coffee, please?
    7. The flashlight isn't working. There aren't ... in it.
    8. It's hot in this office. I'm going out for ... fresh ....
    9. Man: "Would you like ...?"
      Woman: "No, thank you. I've had enough to eat."
    10. I can do this job alone. I don't need ....
    C. Complete the sentences. Use "some" or "any" and the correct form of the verb in the brackets. Number 1 and 2 has been done as an example.
    1. Ann didn't take any photographs but I took some. (I/take)
    2. Man: "Where's your luggage?"
      Woman: "Oh, I haven't got any/I don't have any." (I/not/have)
    3. Woman: "This coffee is too bitter for me. Can I have some sugar?"
      Man: "Yes, ... in the kitchen. (we/have)
    4. Man: "Do you need any money?"
      Woman: "No, thank you. .... (I/have)
    5. Man: "Can you lend me some money?"
      Woman: "I'm sorry but .... (I/not/have)
    6. The tomatoes in the shop didn't look very good so ....(I/not/buy)
    7. There were some nice oranges in the shop so .... (I/buy)
    Study and review how to use "some" and "any" and the differences HERE Reference:
  • Murphy, Raymond Essential Grammar In Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • Prev: How to Educate ESL Students, Tue 04232013 0755PM PV 397

    April 23, 2020

    Present Continuous Tense: Bentuk, Penggunaan, & Latihan Soal

    Latihan soal Present Continuous Tense
    resent continuous tense atau present progressive tense adalah salah satu bentuk waktu (tense) yang sering digunakan dalam bahasa Inggris. Present continuous tense berbeda dengan simple present tense, baik dalam penggunaannya maupun struktur dan bentuk kata kerjanya. Dalam materi kali ini, kita akan membahas struktur, bentuk, dan penggunaan present continuous tense secara lengkap, lalu diikuti dengan latihan soal untuk memastikan pemahaman kalian tentang present continuous tense.
    I. Bagaimana struktur & bentuk Present Continuous tense?
    Struktur dan bentuk Present Continuous tense adalah sbb:
    (+) Subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (verb + ing)
    (?) Auxiliary verb (be) + subject + main verb (verb + ing)?
    (-) Subject + auxiliary verb (be) not + main verb (verb + ing)

    Lihatlah contoh-contoh kalimat Present continuous tense di bawah ini:
    Contoh kalimat positif dalam Present Continuous tense
    Subject auxiliary verb (be)main verb
    (verb + ing)
    Iamworkingwith a laptop.
    Aniisreadinga magazine.
    The studentsaredoinga test.
    Contoh kalimat tanya dalam Present Continuous tense
    Auxiliary verb (be)Subjectmain verb
    (verb + ing)
    AmIworkingwith a laptop?
    IsAnireadinga magazine?
    Arethe studentsdoinga test?
    Contoh kalimat negatif dalam Present Continuous tense
    Subject auxiliary verb
    (be) + not
    main verb
    (verb + ing)
    Iam notworkingwith a laptop.
    Youare notstudyingEnglish.
    Aniis notreadinga magazine.
    The studentsare notdoinga test.
    II. Bagaimana penggunaan Present Continuous Tense?
    Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk:
    • Membicarakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung atau sedang dilakukan sekarang / pada saat ini juga, biasanya dengan keterangan waktu; now, at the moment, at present. Contoh:
      • You are studying how to use the present continuous tense.
      • Right now you are looking at this screen.
      • You are reading these example sentences.
    • Membicarakan kegiatan di masa sekarang yang bersifat sementara, bukan merupakan kebiasaan dan tidak bersifat permanen, biasanya dengan keterangan waktu; at this time, temporarily, for the time being. Contoh:
      • The government is trying to stop the spread of Covid-19.
      • Experts are working hard to develop a vaccine for Covid-19.
      • He is living with his sister until he finds a boarding house.
    • Membicarakan kegiatan yang sudah direncanakan / dipersiapkan dan akan segera dilakukan di waktu yang akan datang, dan harus disertai dengan keterangan waktu (adverbs of time), seperti; this evening, tomorrow, next week, in July, atau paling tidak waktu kegiatan sudah dipahami / diketahui. Contoh:
      • We are leaving at 8 this evening. We have booked the train tickets.
      • I am seeing my dentist tomorrow. We have made an appointment.
      • We are going to the beach this weekend.
    • Digunakan dengan always, umumnya dalam kalimat positif, untuk membicarakan suatu kebiasaan, disengaja atau tidak disengaja, yang dianggap mengganggu dan menjengkelkan karena terjadi berulang kali. Contoh:
      • She is always asking me questions.
      • Rama is always complaining about his job.
      • Oh no. You are always losing your keys.
      Dalam penggunaan ini, always + present continuous tense berbeda dengan always + simple present tense yang membicarakan rutinitas biasa.
    III. Bagaimana penulisan ejaan dalam Present Continuous tense?
    Present Continuous tense disusun dengan menggunakan kata kerja bentuk "ing" (verb -ing), caranya dengan menambahkan akhiran "ing" pada kata kerja dasar. Ada beberapa aturan dalam pembentukan verb-ing, sebagai berikut:
    • Tidak ada perubahan pada kata kerja dasar jika huruf terakhir berupa konsonan yang pengucapannya tidak mendapat penekanan.
      Contoh: walk > walking, work > working, stand > standing, blow > blowing, rain > raining, steer > steering, play > playing, open > opening, dll.
    • Menggandakan huruf terakhir jika huruf terakhir berupa konsonan yang pengucapannya mendapat penekanan.
      Contoh: stop > stopping, run > running, begin > beginning, drop > dropping, bid > bidding, get > getting, dll.
    • Jika kata kerja dasar berakhiran "ie", gantilah "ie" dengan "y".
      Contoh: lie > lying, die > dying, tie > tying, dll.
    • Jika kata kerja dasar berakhiran dengan huruf vokal (vowel) "e", hilangkan "e".
      Contoh: come > coming, make > making, take > taking, choose > choosing, give > giving, write > writing, dll.
    Latihan Soal
    Task 1.
    Ubahlah kata kerja berikut ini ke dalam bentuk "verb-ing".
    stay = ....
    hire = ....
    delete = ....
    tap = ....
    move = ....
    shine = ....
    kick = ....
    win = ....
    send = ....
    wave = ....
    boil = ....
    listen = ....
    leave = ....
    practice = ....
    erase = ....
    fly = ....
    cut = ....
    use = ....
    Task 2.
    Tambahkanlah "be" dan ubahlah kata kerja dalam kurung ke dalam bentuk "-ing" sehingga menjadi kalimat dalam bentuk Present Continuous tense yang benar. Lihat contoh pada nomer 1.
    1. We (eat) in a restaurant tonight.
      Jawaban: We are eating in a restaurant tonight.
    2. They (not work) tomorrow.
    3. When ... you (start) your new job?
    4. ... they (wait) for the bus?
    5. Look! That man (climb) the coconut tree.
    6. What ... you (do)?
    7. Rinda (type) the letter now.
    8. She (not use) the washing machine right now.
    9. Hendra (learn) to drive.
    10. My friends (come) to see me this evening.
    Task 3.
    Lengkapilah kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini dengan memberikan kata kerja yang sesuai dalam bentuk Present Continuous tense. Setiap kalimat bisa memiliki lebih dari 1 (satu) jawaban benar.
    buy - play - cook - listen to - read - do - water - drink - watch - sleep

    1. My grandma ... the flowers in our garden.
    2. Tono and his brother ... a kite in the yard now.
    3. The cat ... on the sofa.
    4. My mother ... dinner in the kitchen.
    5. Andi ... not ... music right now.
    6. My father ... today's newspaper in the living room.
    7. ... she ... TV at the moment?
    8. The animals ... water from the pond.
    9. ... you ... this bed sheet? It's expensive.
    10. What ... they ... in the garage?
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