January 09, 2020

How to Talk about Future Plans and Predictions in English

Talking about Plans and Predictions
Asking About PlansHiding Plans
What is your plan?
What are you going to do ...?
What do you intend to do ...?
What are you planning to do ...?
I’ve got a particular plan.
I can’t tell you now.
You’ll see (later).
Let’s wait and see.
Stating PlansPredicting
My plan is ....
I’m going to ....
I intend to ....
I’m planning to ....
Do you think ... will ...?
...will ..., I expect.
You will ....
It’s going to ....
Note:
The Difference between "WILL" and "BE GOING TO".
  • “Will” is often used to express an unplanned and spontaneous decision.
  • “Will” is usually used to indicate a future event or action with little certainty.
  • “Be going to” is used to express something that is planned in the future.
  • “Be going to” is also used to express something that is going to happen in the near future, or it is almost certain to happen.
Dialog: Discussing Plans
How to Talk about Plans and Predictions in English
Two friends are talking about their plans for the weekend.

Lina: What are you going to do this weekend, Yeni?
Yeni: I’ve got a particular plan.
Lina: What is it?
Yeni: Sorry, I can’t tell you now. You’ll see.
Lina: C’mon. What are you planning to do this weekend?
Yeni: Let’s wait and see, I told you. What about you? What’s your plan?
Lina: I think I will watch ‘Rumah Angker’. You know, that horror film.
Yeni: Well, I would watch another movie if I were you.
Lina: Really? But I like horror movies. They’re thrilling.
Yeni: Thrilling? It’s just not worth-seeing.
Lina: Why do you say so?
Yeni: I just don’t see the point of drowning ourselves in the movies about mystics and superstition when we are supposed to be more logical in this era of internet and technology.
Lina: Hey, do you think all movies should be logical? Besides, horror movies are becoming more and more popular each day.
Yeni: That's it. When a movie becomes a hit, a dozen movies with the same genre will follow. Movie producers will keep stuffing viewers with similar movies because they think people like them.
Lina: When a movie becomes popular, it means people like it. What’s wrong with that?
Yeni: Well, film makers will follow the trend. They will tend to make similar movies, very often without paying attention to quality. It will be full of ‘a flash in the pan’.
Lina: What did you say? ‘Something’ in the pan?
Yeni: A flash in the pan, something which enjoys popularity for a short time.
Lina: That’s new for me. Now, you haven't told me about your plan. What do you intend to do this weekend?
Yeni: Make a guess.
Lina: You will go swimming, I expect. You like swimming, right?
Yeni: Not this weekend. Maybe next.
Lina: You will go out of town, I suppose.
Yeni: No. This weekend is my dad's birthday, and we’re planning to give him a surprise party.
Lina: A surprise party? It must be fun.
Yeni: Certainly. I am looking forward to it.
Exercise: Answer these questions.
  1. What is the topic of the conversation?
  2. What is the most probable relationship between the speakers?
  3. What is Lina's plan for the weekend? And what is Yeni's?
  4. What does Yeni think about Lina's plan?
  5. Rewrite the sentences that indicate the speakers' plan.
  6. Rewrite the sentences that indicate the speakers' prediction or guess.

Ex BSE SMK 5/21/11, 4:27 PM, PV 8868

November 28, 2019

Strategi & Kupas Tuntas SKL UNBK SMK MAK 2020

Strategi & Kupas Tuntas SKL UNBK SMK MAK 2020

Buku Strategi & Kupas Tuntas SKL UNBK SMK 2020 adalah buku yang layak dimiliki oleh para pelajar SMK kelas XII yang sedang sibuk mempersiapkan diri untuk menghadapi Ujian Nasional (UNBK) SMK 2020. Disusun oleh tim MGMP Bahasa Inggris Wilayah Kerja 2 Provinsi Jawa Timur, buku yang berisi kumpulan soal Ujian Nasional (UN) SMK dan dilengkapi dengan materi reading & listening, pembahasan soal, serta prediksi UNBK 2020 ini akan sangat membantu para guru dan siswa dalam mengenali karakter soal serta memetakan materi yang harus dikuasai untuk menghadapi Ujian Nasional.

Spesifikasi buku:

  • Judul buku: STRATEGI & KUPAS TUNTAS SKL UN SMK 2020
  • Ukuran buku: 19 cm x 26 cm
  • Tebal buku: 118 halaman
  • Harga: Rp. 27,000.-
  • Penulis: Tim MGMP Bahasa Inggris Wilayah Kerja 2 Provinsi Jawa Timur
  • Dicetak oleh: ARPUS GRAFIKA UTAMA
  • Penerbit: CV. ARPUS INDONESIA
  • Anggota IKAPI No. 238/JTI/2019

Buku Strategi & Kupas Tuntas SKL UNBK SMK 2020 ini juga dilengkapi dengan Listening audio yang bisa diakses dengan mudah, sbb:

  1. Listening Section 1: http://bit.ly/listeningsection1
  2. Listening Section 2: http://bit.ly/listeningsection2
  3. Listening Section 3: http://bit.ly/listeningsection3
  4. Listening Section Prediction Test 1: http://bit.ly/predictiontest1
  5. Listening Section Prediction Test 2: http://bit.ly/predictiontest2
  6. Listening Section Prediction Test 3: http://bit.ly/predictiontest3

Jika anda berminat untuk memiliki buku ini, hubungi koordinator terdekat kami, sbb:

  • Prastowo Ismanto, S.Pd. (SMKN 1 Probolinggo) 0822-3020-4962
  • Rakhmawati Chandra Kartika, S.Pd. (SMKN 1 Lumajang) 0852-3451-1999
  • Lina Ferawati, S.Pd. (SMKN Winongan Pasuruan) 0812-5282-1470
  • Bambang Suherman, S.Pd. (SMKN 2 Kraksaan) 0852-3304-2912
  • Wahyu Ekawati, M.Pd (SMKN 5 Jember) 0812-4931-5470
  • Siti Nur Hamidah, S.Pd. (SMKN 1 Situbondo) 0852-5958-8350
  • Rini Indah Ningsih, S.Pd. (SMKN 1 Pasuruan) 0813-3433-8336
  • Widya Paramita, S.Pd. (SMKN 2 Probolinggo) 0812-3490-458
  • Febri Hariyanto, S.Pd. (SMKN 1 Pakem Bondowoso) 0812-3452-735



1st posted 5/18/11, 10:11 PM.
PV 14691

November 27, 2019

Dari Adverb Clause ke Modifying Phrase Menggunakan Participle

Adverb Clause ke Modifying Phrase Menggunakan Participle
Untuk meningkatkan efisiensi kalimat dan keindahan gaya bahasa, kita bisa menyingkat atau memperpendek adverb clause menjadi modifying phrase dengan menggunakan past participle (verb 3) atau present participle (verb -ing).

Bagaimana cara menyingkat Adverb clause menjadi Modifying phrase?
Untuk menyingkat adverb clause menjadi modifying phrase dengan menggunakan participle, perhatikan beberapa catatan di bawah ini:
  • Subyek dalam adverb clause (anak kalimat keterangan) harus sama dengan subyek dalam main clause (kalimat induk). Jika subyek dalam adverb clause tidak sama dengan subyek dalam main clause (kalimat induk), maka adverb clause tidak dapat diubah menjadi modifying phrase. (Lihat contoh-contoh kalimat di bawah untuk lebih jelasnya.)
  • Jika adverb clause berbentuk kalimat aktif (active voice), maka modifying phrase harus menggunakan present participle (verb -ing). Contoh:
    1. Because she felt upset, she didn't say a single word. (adverb clause)
      Feeling upset, she didn't say a single word. (modifying phrase)
    2. He locked the door before he left. (adverb clause)
      He locked the door before leaving. (modifying phrase)
  • Jika adverb clause berbentuk kalimat pasif (passive voice), maka modifying phrase harus menggunakan past participle (verb 3). Contoh:
    1. Because he was trained by a professional coach, he soon learnt much about difficult techniques. (adverb clause)
      Trained by a professional coach, he soon learnt much about difficult techniques. (modifying phrase)
    2. When the door is opened, it squeaks. (adverb clause)
      When opened, the door squeaks. (modifying phrase)

Apa saja fungsi modifying phrase?
  1. Menyingkat time clause (klausa keterangan waktu). Time clause biasanya ditandai dengan adanya kata after, before, while, when, as, since. Di sini, modifying phrase memiliki makna “during the same time; while”. Contoh:
    • Since she moved to this country, she has made many friends.
      Since moving to this country, she has made many friends.
    • Before you do the test, read the instructions carefully.
      Before doing the test, read the instructions carefully.
    • While he was watching a film last night, he fell asleep.
      While watching a film last night, he fell asleep.
  2. Menyingkat adverb clause “cause and effect” (sebab akibat), umumnya ditandai dengan "because, since, as". Di sini, modifying phrase memiliki makna adanya “cause and effect relationship; because”. Contoh:
    • Because she needed money to support her children, she had to work.
      Needing money to support her children, she had to work.
    • Because I have seen the movie before, I don’t want to go again.
      Having seen the movie before, I don’t want to go again.
    • Because I had seen the movie before, I didn’t want to go again.
      Having seen the movie before, I didn’t want to go again.
    • Because Anne could not see clearly from the back row, she moved to the front row.
      Not (being) able to see clearly from the back row, Anne moved to the front row.
Latihan Soal
A. Garis bawahi semua modifying phrase dan pilihlah makna yang sesuai ("while" atau "because") seperti pada contoh nomer 1.
  1. Sitting on the white sand, she enjoyed the amazing beauty of the sunset at the beach. (while/because)
  2. Unable to afford a car, she bought a motorcycle. (while/because)
  3. While living here, she made many friends. (while/because)
  4. Not wanting to disappoint her, he decided to say nothing about it. (while/because)
  5. Standing in front of the house, I realized how much it had changed. (while/because)
  6. Pointing to the sentence on the board, the teacher explained the meaning of modifying phrases. (while/because)
B. Ubahlah adverb clause dalam kalimat-kalimat berikut menjadi modifying phrase.
  1. Before I came to class, I had a cup of tea.
  2. After she had completed her work, she submitted it to the teacher.
  3. Because he didn’t want to wake everybody up, he tried not to make much noise.
  4. Because he had run a red traffic light, he got a ticket and had to pay a fine.
  5. After I had read the explanation twice, I finally understood the theory.
  6. While I was reading the paper this morning, I saw an article on global warming.
  7. Because they were unable to send their children to school, they let them work at an early age.
  8. Before he became a teacher, he worked for a garment manufacturer and exporter in Surabaya.
  9. While I was sitting at the quiet beach, I felt united with the nature.
  10. Because she had never seen an active volcano before, she never stopped admiring the beauty of Bromo.
C. Gabunglah kedua kalimat di setiap nomer dengan menjadikan kalimat pertama sebagai modifying phrase.
  1. I did not want to be late again. I left very early this morning.
  2. She thought she would never learn to play the piano. She stopped taking lessons.
  3. The student checked his answers. He found he had made many mistakes.
  4. I wanted to finish the work in time. I had to work late last night.
  5. They were exhausted. They stopped to rest under a very shady tree.
  6. She had just recovered from her illness. She had to stay home during the weekend.
  7. The child played computer games too much. He got an eye irritation.
  8. Many housewives develop the habit of watching TV in the morning. They become less productive.
  9. The students did not understand the lesson. They asked the teacher to repeat the explanation.
  10. He wants to save some money every month. He has decided to cook his own meals.
  11. She could not tolerate the noise. She tapped her fingers loudly on the table.
  12. I was bored. I went out for a walk to the park last night.
  13. The snake felt threatened. It started hissing and spitting at the cat.
  14. The building was being renovated. It was closed for visitors.
  15. The little boy felt the unbearable pain. He never stopped crying.


Original post: Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE) SMA Kelas XI
Posted 5/20/11 5:58 AM. PV: 17,661 V

November 12, 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Tingkat SMA - SMK - MA Tahun 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris SMA - SMK - MA 2019

Ada kabar gembira bagi para pelajar bangku sekolah menengah atas dan sederajat (SMA/SMK/MA/MAK) yang ingin mengasah kemampuan bahasa Inggrisnya melalui soal-soal tertulis. Ajang tahunan Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris atau English Olympiad 2019 untuk tingkat SMA / SMK akan segera diselenggarakan di SMKN 1 Probolinggo.

Melalui Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris ini, pelajar diharapkan dapat menambah 'learning experience' (pengalaman belajar) sekaligus sebagai sarana persiapan menghadapi Ujian Nasional Berbasis Komputer (UNBK) tahun 2020. Jadi tunggu apa lagi? Ayo segera persiapkan diri menghadapi tantangan ini dan daftarkan diri kalian melalui bapak/ibu guru di sekolah atau secara langsung ke kami.

Pendaftaran
  • Pendaftaran mulai tanggal 4 November 2019 sampai tanggal 20 November 2019.
  • Pendaftaran bisa dilakukan setiap hari kerja mulai pukul 08.00 s/d 15.00 WIB di:
    SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO
    Jl. Mastrip no. 357
    Probolinggo
    atau menghubungi contact person kami sebagai berikut:
    1. WAHYU PERDANA: 0897-0560-0411
    2. PRASTOWO ISMANTO: 0822-3020-4962
    3. TITIN CHASANA: 0852-3534-3823
    4. SILVI: 0857-3554-0566
  • Biaya pendaftaran: Rp. 60,000.-
  • Pengambilan kartu peserta tanggal 22 November 2019.
Technical meeting
Pelaksanaan Technical meeting:
  • Hari/tanggal: Senin, 18 Nov 2019 pukul 09.00
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 Probolinggo
  • Harap setiap sekolah peserta mengirimkan 1 (satu) guru sebagai perwakilan peserta.

Pelaksanaan Lomba
Pelaksanaan lomba:
  • Hari/tanggal: Jumat, 22 November 2019 pukul 13.00 WIB.
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO

Ketentuan Lomba
  1. Soal bersifat CBT (Soal berbasis komputer)
  2. Soal terdiri dari 100 soal pilihan ganda dengan 4 opsi jawaban.
  3. Waktu mengerjakan soal adalah 120 menit
  4. Selama mengerjakan soal peserta dilarang menggunakan alat bantu dalam bentuk apapun selain peralatan tulis.
  5. Pemenang adalah peserta dengan nilai terbaik/tertinggi.

Kisi-kisi Materi Olimpiade:
  1. The Verbs Phrase
  2. Subject- Verb Agreement
  3. Modal Auxiliaries
  4. Verbs as Complements
  5. Comparisons
  6. Cause Connectors
  7. Passive Voice
  8. Causative Verbs
  9. Relative Clauses
  10. Clauses of Concession
  11. Reading Texts

Dare you take this challenge? What are you waiting for then? Kami tunggu partisipasi kalian semua. Hadiah-hadiah menarik sudah menunggu kalian lho.

“Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails." (Mark Twain)


Originally published on 6/12/11 9.58 pm

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Tingkat SMP - MTS Tahun 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris SMP-MTs 2019

Ada kabar gembira bagi para pelajar sekolah menengah pertama (SMP / MTs) dan yang sederajat, terutama bagi para pecinta tantangan. Ajang tahunan Olimpiade bahasa Inggris atau English Olympiad 2019 tingkat SMP dan MTs akan segera diselenggarakan di SMKN 1 Probolinggo.

Melalui Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris ini, pelajar SMP / MTs diharapkan dapat mengasah kemampuan berbahasa Inggris serta menambah 'learning experience' (pengalaman belajar) dalam mengerjakan soal-soal komputer (CBT) sebagai persiapan dalam menghadapi Ujian Nasional Berbasis Komputer (UNBK) CBT tahun 2020.

Pendaftaran
  • Pendaftaran mulai tanggal 4 November 2019 sampai tanggal 20 November 2019.
  • Pendaftaran bisa dilakukan setiap hari kerja mulai pukul 08.00 s/d 15.00 WIB di:
    SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO
    Jl. Mastrip no. 357
    Probolinggo
    atau menghubungi contact person kami sebagai berikut:
    1. WAHYU PERDANA: 0897-0560-0411
    2. PRASTOWO ISMANTO: 0822-3020-4962
    3. TITIN CHASANA: 0852-3534-3823
    4. SILVI: 0857-3554-0566
  • Biaya pendaftaran: Rp. 60,000.-
  • Pengambilan kartu peserta tanggal 22 November 2019.
Technical meeting
Pelaksanaan Technical meeting:
  • Hari/tanggal: Senin, 18 Nov 2019 pukul 13.00
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 Probolinggo
  • Harap setiap sekolah peserta mengirimkan 1 (satu) guru sebagai perwakilan peserta.

Pelaksanaan Lomba
Pelaksanaan lomba:
  • Hari/tanggal: Sabtu, 23 November 2019 pukul 10.00 WIB.
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO

Ketentuan Lomba
  1. Soal bersifat CBT (Soal berbasis komputer)
  2. Soal terdiri dari 100 soal pilihan ganda dengan 4 opsi jawaban.
  3. Waktu pengerjaaan soal adalah 120 menit
  4. Selama mengerjakan soal peserta dilarang menggunakan alat bantu dalam bentuk apapun selain peralatan tulis.
  5. Pemenang adalah peserta dengan nilai terbaik/tertinggi.

Kisi-kisi Materi Olimpiade:
  1. Notice
  2. Tenses: Simple Present, Simple Past, Present Perfect, Future, Present Continuous, Past Continuous
  3. Complimenting / congratulating
  4. Giving / responding to good/bad news
  5. Making / responding to offers, requests, suggestions
  6. Directions/maps
  7. Making / responding to invitations
  8. So/too, either/neither
  9. Comparisons
  10. Countable/uncountable Noun
  11. Adjectives / adverbs
  12. Conjunctions
  13. Texts : Narrative, Descriptive, Procedural, Recount, Factual reports, Advertisements, Announcements, short private letters
  14. Vocabulary

Jangan sia-siakan kesempatan ini dan segera daftarkan diri kalian melalui bapak/ibu guru di sekolah atau secara langsung ke kami. Hadiah-hadiah menarik sudah menunggu.

Take this challenge. Be prepared and good luck.

“Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails." (Mark Twain)


Originally published on 6/8/10 8.10 pm.

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Tingkat SD - MI Tahun 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris SD & MI Tahun 2019

Ada kabar gembira untuk adik-adik yang masih duduk di bangku SD atau MI, terutama bagi mereka yang ingin mengasah kemampuan berbahasa Inggris melalui soal-soal tertulis. SMKN 1 Probolinggo akan mengadakan ajang rutin tahunan Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris atau English Olympiad untuk tingkat SD dan MI tahun 2019.

Melalui Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris ini, kalian bisa menambah 'learning experience' (pengalaman belajar) sekaligus sebagai sarana pengenalan Ujian Berbasis Komputer (CBT) kepada siswa sekolah dasar. Jadi tunggu apa lagi? Segera persiapkan diri dan daftarkan diri kalian melalui bapak/ibu guru di sekolah atau secara langsung ke kami.

Pendaftaran
  • Pendaftaran mulai tanggal 4 November 2019 sampai tanggal 20 November 2019.
  • Pendaftaran bisa dilakukan setiap hari kerja mulai pukul 08.00 s/d 15.00 WIB di:
    SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO
    Jl. Mastrip no. 357
    Probolinggo
    atau menghubungi contact person kami sebagai berikut:
    1. WAHYU PERDANA: 0897-0560-0411
    2. PRASTOWO ISMANTO: 0822-3020-4962
    3. TITIN CHASANA: 0852-3534-3823
    4. SILVI: 0857-3554-0566
  • Biaya pendaftaran: Rp. 60,000.-
  • Pengambilan kartu peserta tanggal 22 November 2019.
Technical meeting
Pelaksanaan Technical meeting:
  • Hari/tanggal: Senin, 18 Nov 2019 pukul 09.00
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 Probolinggo
  • Harap setiap sekolah peserta mengirimkan 1 (satu) guru sebagai perwakilan peserta.

Pelaksanaan Lomba
Pelaksanaan lomba:
  • Hari/tanggal: Sabtu, 23 November 2019 pukul 07.30 WIB.
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO

Ketentuan Lomba
  1. Soal bersifat CBT (Soal berbasis komputer)
  2. Soal terdiri dari 100 soal pilihan ganda dengan 4 opsi jawaban.
  3. Waktu pengerjaan soal adalah 120 menit
  4. Selama mengerjakan soal peserta dilarang menggunakan alat bantu dalam bentuk apapun selain peralatan tulis.
  5. Pemenang adalah peserta dengan nilai terbaik/tertinggi.

Kisi-kisi Materi Olimpiade:
Theme
  1. Notice
  2. Profession
  3. Hobbies
  4. Body parts
  5. Describing people/things/places
  6. Directions/maps
  7. Family tree
  8. Daily Activities/routines
Grammar:
  1. Tenses: Simple present, Simple Future (will), Simple Past, Present Continuous
  2. Countable/uncountable Noun
  3. Adjectives
  4. Question words
  5. Possessives
  6. Prepositions (time/place)
  7. Comparatives

Kami tunggu partisipasi adik-adik semua. Hadiah-hadiah menarik sudah menunggu kalian. Be prepared and good luck.

“Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails." (Mark Twain)


Originally published on 6/8/10 11.29 pm.

October 28, 2019

Bentuk, Penggunaan, dan Contoh Kalimat The Present Perfect Tense dalam English Dialog

An English Conversation
In his office, Jim is talking to Betty, his wife, on the telephone.
JIM:And what are you doing now, Betty?
BETTY:I'm having a rest.
JIM:Hm, you're lucky. You're having a rest, while I'm sitting here in the office, working hard.
BETTY:Working hard! You're talking to me on the phone - that isn't work! Now, I've been very busy - I've cleaned the house, and I've done a lot of shopping. I've sewn some buttons on your shirts -
JIM:Wonderful!
BETTY:- and I've made cake, and I've prepared some food. Now I'm tired, and so I'm having a rest.
JIM:That's good.
BETTY:Oh, Yati rang me this morning.
JIM:Ah, how is she?
BETTY:She's well. I've asked her to come and have dinner with us this evening.
JIM:Oh, Betty, you've forgotten! We've promised to go and have dinner with Tom and Nancy Foster this evening.
BETTY:This evening?
JIM:Yes. Don't you remember? We arranged it last Sunday.
BETTY:Oh, yes, that's right. Oh dear, what can we do?
JIM:Never mind, darling. You must ring Yati, and explain to her. Perhaps she can come to dinner tomorrow evening.
BETTY:Yes, I'll ring her. And Jim what -
JIM:(someone interrupted him) Just a minute, please, Betty ... Oh, Betty, the mail has arrived, and I have to do some work on it now.
BETTY:All right, darling. Goodbye now.
JIM:Goodbye.

BETTY:
(A few moments later, Jim calls Betty again)
Hello?
JIM:Hello, Betty. Tom Foster has rung me to say that Nancy is sick, and they're very sorry, but they can't have us for dinner tonight.
BETTY:Oh, poor Nancy. What's the matter with her?
JIM:She's caught a very bad cold, and she has to stay in bed for a few days ... But listen, Betty, now we can invite Yati to dinner this evening after all.
BETTY:Oh, but, Jim, I've rung Yati, and I've explained to her that we have to go out this evening, and now she's made some other arrangements for this evening.
JIM:Oh dear!
BETTY:But she's promised to come to dinner tomorrow evening.
JIM:Good! So, this evening we can't go to the Foster's, and Yati can't come to us - so we'll have a cosy dinner, just by ourselves.
Bagaimana bentuk Present Perfect Tense?
Perhatikan kalimat atau frase yang dicetak tebal dalam dialog di atas. Kata kerja dalam kalimat-kalimat tersebut adalah contoh bentuk Present Perfect Tense dalam bahasa Inggris, yang tersusun oleh have/has + past participle (verb 3).
Bentuk Kata Kerja Present Perfect Tense
Affirmative (Positive)
I/We/You/Theyhavepast participle (verb 3).
He/She/Ithaspast participle (verb 3).
Interrogative (Question)
HaveI/we/you/theypast participle (verb 3)?
Hashe/she/itpast participle (verb 3)?
Negative
I/We/You/Theyhave not (haven't)past participle (verb 3).
He/She/Ithas (hasn't)past participle (verb 3).
Contoh kalimat Present Perfect tense dalam dialog di atas:
  • I've been very busy.
  • I've cleaned the house.
  • I've done a lot of shopping.
  • I've sewn some buttons on your shirts.
  • I've made cake.
  • I've prepared some food.
  • I've asked her to come.
  • You've forgotten!
  • We've promised to go ....
  • The mail has arrived.
  • Tom Foster has rung me.
  • She's/She has caught a very bad cold.
  • I've rung Yati.
  • I've explained to her.
  • She's/She has made some other arrangements for this evening.
  • She's/She has promised to come to dinner tomorrow evening.

Apa fungsi Present Perfect Tense?
Present Perfect tense digunakan untuk menyampaikan gagasan bahwa sesuatu telah (atau tidak pernah) terjadi sebelumnya, yaitu pada suatu waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Jika digunakan dengan 'for' atau 'since', present perfect tense memiliki arti bahwa suatu kejadian/kegiatan berlangsung hingga sekarang.
Contoh kalimat dalam bentuk Present Perfect tense menggunakan "for" atau "since":
  • He has worked for two hours.
  • They have worked since two hours ago.
  • It has been my pet for 5 years.
  • They have been here since yesterday.

Latihan Soal
Lengkapilah kalimat-kalimat berikut ini dengan cara mengubah kata kerja dalam kurung ke dalam bentuk Present Perfect dengan benar.
  1. Nina ...(be)... angry with me since yesterday.
  2. I ...(not read)... these magazines.
  3. Her mother ...(sick)... for a week.
  4. ... his family ...(live)... in this town since two years ago?
  5. The students ...(have)... a flag ceremony for half an hour.
  6. Michael and I ...(study)... this lesson since four days ago.
  7. My brother ...(work)... on the experiment for two months.
  8. ... the teacher ...(explain)... this chapter?
  9. The boy ...(not eat)... since last night.
  10. Miss Anita ...(not be)... here since yesterday.

October 16, 2019

Offering and Asking for a Favor / Help

Common polite expressions used when we ask for a favor and offer some help
Offering HelpAsking for a Favor / HelpResponses
Can I ... + Verb 1?
Let me ... + Verb 1.
What can I do for you?
Can I help you?
Let me help you.
Let me give you a lift.
Can I do something for you?
Do you want something to ...?
Shall I get you to ...?
Can/could/will/would you ... + Verb 1?
Would you mind ... verb-ing?
Can you help me?
Can you hold this rabbit?
Would you mind helping me with my homework?
Accepting
Sure.
Certainly.
Of course.
With pleasure.
Refusing
No, thanks. I can do it myself.
I’m sorry. I can’t ....

Dialog 1
Vera: Hey, Ary. You look busy. What are you doing?
Ary: Well, I want to separate my hamsters. They fight all the time.
Vera: How can I help you?
Ary: Well, please hold this hamster. I’ll take the other one out. He’s very naughty.
Vera: Are you sure it won't bite me?
Ary: Don't worry. It's quite tame. The other one isn't.
Vera: Wow. It's so cute.
Ary: Alright. It’s done. Thanks for the help.
Vera: My pleasure. I think they’re very hungry. What do you give them?
Ary: I give them carrots, cabbages and many other kinds of vegetable. By the way, where are you going?
Vera: Well, actually I’m here because I need your help.
Ary: What is it? I’ll be happy to help.
Vera: It’s the mathematics assignment from Mr. Gatot. I think it’s rather complicated.
Ary: Alright. Let's go in. I hope I can help you.
Dialog 2

Offering and Asking for a Favor

Romi: Would you mind helping me, Edo?
Edo: I'd be glad to, Romi. What do you want me to do?
Romi: Help me hang up this picture. Hold it straight while I put in the nail.
Edo: I'd be glad to.
Romi: Hand me the hammer. Give me one of those nails, too, please.
Edo: Here you are.
Romi: There. How does it look? Tell me if I have it straight.
Edo: Yes, it's straight, but it's upside down.


EXERCISES
  1. Answer these questions by referring to Dialog 1
    1. Where does the dialog probably take place?
    2. What does Ary want to do?
    3. What does Ary want Vera to do?
    4. What does Vera want Ary to do?
    5. Can Ary help her?
    6. What will probably happen after the dialog?
  2. Answer these questions by referring to Dialog 2
    1. Where does the dialog probably take place?
    2. What is Romi doing?
    3. What does Romi want Edo to do?
    4. What happens in the end?
    5. What will they probably do after the dialog?
  3. Change the following to questions used when we ask for someone's favor.
    1. I want you to get the broken printer repaired.
    2. I want you to turn the lights off.
    3. I want you to submit the proposal tomorrow morning.
    4. I want you to get the reports ready.
    5. I want you to help me lift this box.

September 22, 2019

Singkatan Bahasa Inggris dalam Obrolan dan Pesan

Singkatan Bahasa Inggris dalam Obrolan dan Pesan
S
eringkali, saat kita sedang membaca obrolan (chat), surat bisnis, email, atau pesan (message), kita menjumpai kata-kata aneh yang tidak pernah kita temui dalam bahasa Inggris maupun bahasa Indonesia, seperti ASAP, IDK, LOL, dan lain-lain. Itulah singkatan yang umum digunakan untuk menyingkat berbagai ungkapan bahasa Inggris dalam obrolan, surat-menyurat, atau pesan.

Apa saja singkatan dalam bahasa Inggris yang perlu kita ketahui dan sering digunakan untuk percakapan melalui pesan? Berikut ini Mister Guru bagikan beberapa singkatan yang seringkali digunakan dalam berkirim pesan.

SingkatanArti
AFAIKAs far as i knowsetahu saya, sepengetahuan saya
AFKaway from keyboardtidak di depan komputer
AKAAlso known asalias
ASAPAs soon as possiblesegera, secepatnya, secepat mungkin
B4NBye for nowSampai di sini dulu
BBLBe back latersegera kembali, sebentar lagi kembali
BRBBe right backsegera kembali, sebentar lagi kembali
BTWBy the wayOmong-omong
CBCoffee breakistirahat sebentar
CIDCrying in disgracemenangis karena malu / terhina
CMIIWCorrect me if im wrongkoreksi jika aku salah
Cray CraySo crazy“Gila!”
CNPContinued (in next post)dilanjutkan pada postingan berikutnya
CRBTCrying really big tearsmenangis sejadi-jadinya
CUSee youSampai jumpa
CULSee you laterSampai jumpa lagi
DBATBDont beat around the bushjangan berbelit-belit, jangan bertele-tele
DMdirect messagepesan langsung
DMdoesn’t mattertidak masalah, tidak apa-apa
DIYDo it yourselfkerjakan sendiri
IDK / DunnoI dont know(saya) tidak tahu
EGEvil grinseringai jahat
EMSGEmail messagepesan email
F2FFace to facetatap muka, bertemu langsung
FCFinger Crossedmendoakan (seseorang)
FTBOMHFrom the bottom of my heartdari lubuk hati terdalam
FWIWFor what’s it’s worthbermanfaat atau tidak, penting atau tidak
FYIFor your informationsekedar informasi
GimmeGive meberikan saya
GR8GreatHebat! Keren!
GTSYGlad to see yousenang bertemu denganmu
H & KHug and kissPeluk cium
HAGNHave a good nightsemoga mimpi indah
HellaSo/very/hell ofsangat
HHISHanging head in shamesangat malu
HUBHead up buttonpikiran mesum
IKRI know, right?Benar, kan?
IAEIn any eventpada suatu kesempatan
ICI seeOoh gitu ya
IMCOIn my considered opinionmenurut pendapat saya
IMHOIn my humble opinionmenurut saya
IOWIn the other wordsdengan kata lain
IRLIn real lifepada kenyataannya
IWALUI will always love youaku akan selalu mencintaimu
JJJust jokingbercanda, hanya gurauan
JKJust kiddingbercanda, hanya gurauan
JMOJust my opinion(sekedar) pendapat saya
JTLYKJust to let you knowbiar kamu tau
KOK, OKAYOK, baik
KITKeep in touchjaga komunikasi, tetap kontak
LMKLet me knowBeritahu saya
LOLLaugh out loudtertawa terbahak-bahak, ngakak
LMAOLaughing my a$$ offtertawa terbahak-bahak, ngakak
LTNSLong time no seelama tak bertemu
LYLove youcinta kamu
LY2Love you toocinta kamu juga
MYOSMake your own sandwichKerjakan saja sendiri!
MTFMore to followselanjutnya
NADTNot a damn thingbukan apa-apa kok
NMnothing muchgak ngapa-ngapain
NRNo replytidak ada jawaban
NRNNo reply neededtidak butuh balasan
NvmNevermindtidak masalah, tidak apa-apa
OLOld ladyIbu/wanita tua
OMOld ManBapak/pria tua
OOTOut of topicKeluar dari topik
OTTOMHOff the top of my headdiluar kemampuan (pemikiran) saya
PMprivate message
PLUPrice look-up unitKode barang (dalam transaksi online)
QTcuttie
RGDSRegardsSalam hormat
ROFLRolling on the floor laughingterbahak-bahak
SOTShort of timewaktu terbatas
SMHShaking my headGeleng-geleng (kepala)
STFUShut the f*** upDiam!
TAThanks againTerima kasih sekali lagi
TBHTo be honestTerus terang, sejujurnya
TLDRtoo long, don’t readPesan yang panjang, tidak perlu dibaca
TCOYTake care of yourselfjaga diri baik-baik
TGIFThank God it's FridaySyukurlah, hari ini sudah Jumat
TOYThinking of youMemikirkan dirimu
TTYLTalk to you laterKita bicarakan lagi nanti
VIPVery important personOrang penting
WBWelcome backSelamat datang kembali
WTFWhat the f***Astaga! Apa-apaan?
WTHWhat the hellAstaga! Apa-apaan?
WYDWhat are you doing?Sedang apa?
WYWDwhat do you want to do?Apa yang ingin kamu lakukan?
WFHWork from homeKerja di rumah
YGYoung gentlemenPria muda
YLYoung ladyWanita muda
Jika sahabat Mister Guru ingin menambahkan singkatan baru atau yang belum tercantum dalam posting ini, silahkan menuliskannya di komentar. Semoga bermanfaat.

May 28, 2019

How to Write a Recount Text

A. What is a Recount Text?

Recount texts retell a past event. They tell the reader what happened in the past, e.g. a visit to a place of interest. Therefore, recount texts are mostly written in the past tense.

B. What is the structure of Recount Texts?

  1. Orientation:
    Recount texts start by telling the reader who was involved, what happened, where this event took place and when it happened. This is called the orientation.
  2. Sequence of events:
    The sequence of events is usually described in the order of time (chronological order).
  3. Reorientation:
    There can be a reorientation at the end which summarizes the event.

C. How to write a Recount Text?

When writing a recount text, pay attention to the checklist below:
  • Focus on individual people i.e. use the words, I or we
  • Use the words which indicate when the events took place (e.g. after ..., before ...).
  • Use the words which indicate where the events took place (e.g. at the beach, on the grass)
  • Write in the past tense e.g. went, visited, took.
  • Use action words e.g. made, walked, bought.

D. Read the examples of recount texts below.


Title
A Day Out

Orientation
We were having dinner when Uncle Hadi arrived. During the meal, he said, “I have an idea. Let’s go out for the day tomorrow. My friends told me that Bromo is a nice place. Why don’t we go there? We could have a picnic.“



Sequence
of events
We agreed that it was a good idea. So, after preparing a big basket full of food, we left the house at about half past eight. At first, we all enjoyed the drive. The scenery was really beautiful. But then it began to rain. My father had to be very careful on the slippery road, so it took us two hours to get there.

After the long journey, we wanted to go for a walk, but we didn’t have any umbrellas with us. So we just sat at a gazebo near a restaurant and had our picnic.

Reorientation
It was still raining at three o’clock, so in the end we all decided to go home. Everybody was very disappointed, except Uncle Hadi. He kept smiling and telling jokes all day long.

E. Exercise

Read the recount text below and do the exercise.
How to Write a Recount Text

Last Saturday I woke up early, but I didn’t get up because there was no school. Suddenly, my telephone rang. It was my friend Fanny. She asked me to go with her at 10.00 o clock. She wanted to buy something in traditional market.

Finally, we were out. On the street, I saw a piece of pink coupon. Attracted by its color, I took it. Then, Fanny and I read it. We were fully shocked. It was a receipt of a four nights tour to Lombok! The expiry date was that day. To our surprise, the name was Fanny Fenita and the birth date was exactly the same as hers. It was also valid for two persons. My God! We were thinking that maybe the coupon had fallen from the sky and now it was there for us.

We hurried to the address of the tour agency that issued the coupon. The tour agency took care of everything. We went home and still could not believe what was going on.

Two days later we were lying on the warm sand under the sun at Senggigi Beach. We had long public holiday, so we could enjoy the “gift” happily. We also bought some presents for our family and friends.

Questions
  1. What will be the best title for the above text?
  2. Please identify the orientation in the text.
  3. Please list the past tense verbs used in the text in chronological order.
  4. Is there a reorientation in the text? Which sentence/paragraph?
  5. How many persons were involved in the above text?
  6. Where did the events take place? Mention at least two places.
  7. When did the events happen?
  8. What does the word "gift" in the last paragraph mean?

F. Writing Practice

Now, by referring to the above checklist, write your own recount text. You can talk about your experience:
  • Going to the ....(Beach, Museum, etc.)
  • Visiting ....(My Uncle, the Zoo, etc.)
  • A Day at the ....(Farm, Lake, Beach, etc.)
  • My Unforgettable Experience in ....(Bali, Malang, etc.)
  • Going ....(Shopping, Swimming, for a Picnic, etc.)
Happy trying smiley.