November 12, 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Tingkat SMA - SMK - MA Tahun 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris SMA - SMK - MA 2019

Ada kabar gembira bagi para pelajar bangku sekolah menengah atas dan sederajat (SMA/SMK/MA/MAK) yang ingin mengasah kemampuan bahasa Inggrisnya melalui soal-soal tertulis. Ajang tahunan Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris atau English Olympiad 2019 untuk tingkat SMA / SMK akan segera diselenggarakan di SMKN 1 Probolinggo.

Melalui Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris ini, pelajar diharapkan dapat menambah 'learning experience' (pengalaman belajar) sekaligus sebagai sarana persiapan menghadapi Ujian Nasional Berbasis Komputer (UNBK) tahun 2020. Jadi tunggu apa lagi? Ayo segera persiapkan diri menghadapi tantangan ini dan daftarkan diri kalian melalui bapak/ibu guru di sekolah atau secara langsung ke kami.

Pendaftaran
  • Pendaftaran mulai tanggal 4 November 2019 sampai tanggal 18 November 2019.
  • Pendaftaran bisa dilakukan setiap hari kerja mulai pukul 08.00 s/d 15.00 WIB di:
    SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO
    Jl. Mastrip no. 357
    Probolinggo
    atau menghubungi contact person kami sebagai berikut:
    1. WAHYU PERDANA: 0897-0560-0411
    2. PRASTOWO ISMANTO: 0822-3020-4962
    3. TITIN CHASANA: 0852-3534-3823
    4. SILVI: 0857-3554-0566
  • Biaya pendaftaran: Rp. 60,000.-
  • Pengambilan kartu peserta tanggal 22 November 2019.
Technical meeting
Pelaksanaan Technical meeting:
  • Hari/tanggal: Senin, 18 Nov 2019 pukul 09.00
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 Probolinggo
  • Harap setiap sekolah peserta mengirimkan 1 (satu) guru sebagai perwakilan peserta.

Pelaksanaan Lomba
Pelaksanaan lomba:
  • Hari/tanggal: Jumat, 22 November 2019 pukul 13.00 WIB.
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO

Ketentuan Lomba
  1. Soal bersifat CBT (Soal berbasis komputer)
  2. Soal terdiri dari 100 soal pilihan ganda dengan 4 opsi jawaban.
  3. Waktu mengerjakan soal adalah 100 menit
  4. Selama mengerjakan soal peserta dilarang menggunakan alat bantu dalam bentuk apapun selain peralatan tulis.
  5. Pemenang adalah peserta dengan nilai terbaik/tertinggi.

Kisi-kisi Materi Olimpiade:
  1. The Verbs Phrase
  2. Subject- Verb Agreement
  3. Modal Auxiliaries
  4. Verbs as Complements
  5. Comparisons
  6. Cause Connectors
  7. Passive Voice
  8. Causative Verbs
  9. Relative Clauses
  10. Clauses of Concession
  11. Reading Texts

Dare you take this challenge? What are you waiting for then? Kami tunggu partisipasi kalian semua. Hadiah-hadiah menarik sudah menunggu kalian lho.

“Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails." (Mark Twain)


Originally published on 6/12/11 9.58 pm

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Tingkat SMP - MTS Tahun 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris SMP-MTs 2019

Ada kabar gembira bagi para pelajar sekolah menengah pertama (SMP / MTs) dan yang sederajat, terutama bagi para pecinta tantangan. Ajang tahunan Olimpiade bahasa Inggris atau English Olympiad 2019 tingkat SMP dan MTs akan segera diselenggarakan di SMKN 1 Probolinggo.

Melalui Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris ini, pelajar SMP / MTs diharapkan dapat mengasah kemampuan berbahasa Inggris serta menambah 'learning experience' (pengalaman belajar) dalam mengerjakan soal-soal komputer (CBT) sebagai persiapan dalam menghadapi Ujian Nasional Berbasis Komputer (UNBK) CBT tahun 2020.

Pendaftaran
  • Pendaftaran mulai tanggal 4 November 2019 sampai tanggal 18 November 2019.
  • Pendaftaran bisa dilakukan setiap hari kerja mulai pukul 08.00 s/d 15.00 WIB di:
    SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO
    Jl. Mastrip no. 357
    Probolinggo
    atau menghubungi contact person kami sebagai berikut:
    1. WAHYU PERDANA: 0897-0560-0411
    2. PRASTOWO ISMANTO: 0822-3020-4962
    3. TITIN CHASANA: 0852-3534-3823
    4. SILVI: 0857-3554-0566
  • Biaya pendaftaran: Rp. 60,000.-
  • Pengambilan kartu peserta tanggal 22 November 2019.
Technical meeting
Pelaksanaan Technical meeting:
  • Hari/tanggal: Senin, 18 Nov 2019 pukul 09.00
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 Probolinggo
  • Harap setiap sekolah peserta mengirimkan 1 (satu) guru sebagai perwakilan peserta.

Pelaksanaan Lomba
Pelaksanaan lomba:
  • Hari/tanggal: Jumat, 22 November 2019 pukul 07.30 WIB.
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO

Ketentuan Lomba
  1. Soal bersifat CBT (Soal berbasis komputer)
  2. Soal terdiri dari 100 soal pilihan ganda dengan 4 opsi jawaban.
  3. Waktu pengerjaaan soal adalah 100 menit
  4. Selama mengerjakan soal peserta dilarang menggunakan alat bantu dalam bentuk apapun selain peralatan tulis.
  5. Pemenang adalah peserta dengan nilai terbaik/tertinggi.

Kisi-kisi Materi Olimpiade:
  1. Notice
  2. Tenses: Simple Present, Simple Past, Present Perfect, Future, Present Continuous, Past Continuous
  3. Complimenting / congratulating
  4. Giving / responding to good/bad news
  5. Making / responding to offers, requests, suggestions
  6. Directions/maps
  7. Making / responding to invitations
  8. So/too, either/neither
  9. Comparisons
  10. Countable/uncountable Noun
  11. Adjectives / adverbs
  12. Conjunctions
  13. Texts : Narrative, Descriptive, Procedural, Recount, Factual reports, Advertisements, Announcements, short private letters
  14. Vocabulary

Jangan sia-siakan kesempatan ini dan segera daftarkan diri kalian melalui bapak/ibu guru di sekolah atau secara langsung ke kami. Hadiah-hadiah menarik sudah menunggu.

Take this challenge. Be prepared and good luck.

“Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails." (Mark Twain)


Originally published on 6/8/10 8.10 pm.

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris Tingkat SD - MI Tahun 2019

Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris SD & MI Tahun 2019

Ada kabar gembira untuk adik-adik yang masih duduk di bangku SD atau MI, terutama bagi mereka yang ingin mengasah kemampuan berbahasa Inggris melalui soal-soal tertulis. SMKN 1 Probolinggo akan mengadakan ajang rutin tahunan Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris atau English Olympiad untuk tingkat SD dan MI tahun 2019.

Melalui Olimpiade Bahasa Inggris ini, kalian bisa menambah 'learning experience' (pengalaman belajar) sekaligus sebagai sarana pengenalan Ujian Berbasis Komputer (CBT) kepada siswa sekolah dasar. Jadi tunggu apa lagi? Segera persiapkan diri dan daftarkan diri kalian melalui bapak/ibu guru di sekolah atau secara langsung ke kami.

Pendaftaran
  • Pendaftaran mulai tanggal 4 November 2019 sampai tanggal 18 November 2019.
  • Pendaftaran bisa dilakukan setiap hari kerja mulai pukul 08.00 s/d 15.00 WIB di:
    SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO
    Jl. Mastrip no. 357
    Probolinggo
    atau menghubungi contact person kami sebagai berikut:
    1. WAHYU PERDANA: 0897-0560-0411
    2. PRASTOWO ISMANTO: 0822-3020-4962
    3. TITIN CHASANA: 0852-3534-3823
    4. SILVI: 0857-3554-0566
  • Biaya pendaftaran: Rp. 60,000.-
  • Pengambilan kartu peserta tanggal 22 November 2019.
Technical meeting
Pelaksanaan Technical meeting:
  • Hari/tanggal: Senin, 18 Nov 2019 pukul 09.00
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 Probolinggo
  • Harap setiap sekolah peserta mengirimkan 1 (satu) guru sebagai perwakilan peserta.

Pelaksanaan Lomba
Pelaksanaan lomba:
  • Hari/tanggal: Sabtu, 23 November 2019 pukul 07.30 WIB.
  • Tempat: SMKN 1 PROBOLINGGO

Ketentuan Lomba
  1. Soal bersifat CBT (Soal berbasis komputer)
  2. Soal terdiri dari 100 soal pilihan ganda dengan 4 opsi jawaban.
  3. Waktu pengerjaan soal adalah 100 menit
  4. Selama mengerjakan soal peserta dilarang menggunakan alat bantu dalam bentuk apapun selain peralatan tulis.
  5. Pemenang adalah peserta dengan nilai terbaik/tertinggi.

Kisi-kisi Materi Olimpiade:
Theme
  1. Notice
  2. Profession
  3. Hobbies
  4. Body parts
  5. Describing people/things/places
  6. Directions/maps
  7. Family tree
  8. Daily Activities/routines
Grammar:
  1. Tenses: Simple present, Simple Future (will), Simple Past, Present Continuous
  2. Countable/uncountable Noun
  3. Adjectives
  4. Question words
  5. Possessives
  6. Prepositions (time/place)
  7. Comparatives

Kami tunggu partisipasi adik-adik semua. Hadiah-hadiah menarik sudah menunggu kalian. Be prepared and good luck.

“Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails." (Mark Twain)


Originally published on 6/8/10 11.29 pm.

October 28, 2019

Bentuk, Penggunaan, dan Contoh Kalimat The Present Perfect Tense dalam English Dialog

An English Conversation
In his office, Jim is talking to Betty, his wife, on the telephone.
JIM:And what are you doing now, Betty?
BETTY:I'm having a rest.
JIM:Hm, you're lucky. You're having a rest, while I'm sitting here in the office, working hard.
BETTY:Working hard! You're talking to me on the phone - that isn't work! Now, I've been very busy - I've cleaned the house, and I've done a lot of shopping. I've sewn some buttons on your shirts -
JIM:Wonderful!
BETTY:- and I've made cake, and I've prepared some food. Now I'm tired, and so I'm having a rest.
JIM:That's good.
BETTY:Oh, Yati rang me this morning.
JIM:Ah, how is she?
BETTY:She's well. I've asked her to come and have dinner with us this evening.
JIM:Oh, Betty, you've forgotten! We've promised to go and have dinner with Tom and Nancy Foster this evening.
BETTY:This evening?
JIM:Yes. Don't you remember? We arranged it last Sunday.
BETTY:Oh, yes, that's right. Oh dear, what can we do?
JIM:Never mind, darling. You must ring Yati, and explain to her. Perhaps she can come to dinner tomorrow evening.
BETTY:Yes, I'll ring her. And Jim what -
JIM:(someone interrupted him) Just a minute, please, Betty ... Oh, Betty, the mail has arrived, and I have to do some work on it now.
BETTY:All right, darling. Goodbye now.
JIM:Goodbye.

BETTY:
(A few moments later, Jim calls Betty again)
Hello?
JIM:Hello, Betty. Tom Foster has rung me to say that Nancy is sick, and they're very sorry, but they can't have us for dinner tonight.
BETTY:Oh, poor Nancy. What's the matter with her?
JIM:She's caught a very bad cold, and she has to stay in bed for a few days ... But listen, Betty, now we can invite Yati to dinner this evening after all.
BETTY:Oh, but, Jim, I've rung Yati, and I've explained to her that we have to go out this evening, and now she's made some other arrangements for this evening.
JIM:Oh dear!
BETTY:But she's promised to come to dinner tomorrow evening.
JIM:Good! So, this evening we can't go to the Foster's, and Yati can't come to us - so we'll have a cosy dinner, just by ourselves.
Bagaimana bentuk Present Perfect Tense?
Perhatikan kalimat atau frase yang dicetak tebal dalam dialog di atas. Kata kerja dalam kalimat-kalimat tersebut adalah contoh bentuk Present Perfect Tense dalam bahasa Inggris, yang tersusun oleh have/has + past participle (verb 3).
Bentuk Kata Kerja Present Perfect Tense
Affirmative (Positive)
I/We/You/Theyhavepast participle (verb 3).
He/She/Ithaspast participle (verb 3).
Interrogative (Question)
HaveI/we/you/theypast participle (verb 3)?
Hashe/she/itpast participle (verb 3)?
Negative
I/We/You/Theyhave not (haven't)past participle (verb 3).
He/She/Ithas (hasn't)past participle (verb 3).
Contoh kalimat Present Perfect tense dalam dialog di atas:
  • I've been very busy.
  • I've cleaned the house.
  • I've done a lot of shopping.
  • I've sewn some buttons on your shirts.
  • I've made cake.
  • I've prepared some food.
  • I've asked her to come.
  • You've forgotten!
  • We've promised to go ....
  • The mail has arrived.
  • Tom Foster has rung me.
  • She's/She has caught a very bad cold.
  • I've rung Yati.
  • I've explained to her.
  • She's/She has made some other arrangements for this evening.
  • She's/She has promised to come to dinner tomorrow evening.

Apa fungsi Present Perfect Tense?
Present Perfect tense digunakan untuk menyampaikan gagasan bahwa sesuatu telah (atau tidak pernah) terjadi sebelumnya, yaitu pada suatu waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Jika digunakan dengan 'for' atau 'since', present perfect tense memiliki arti bahwa suatu kejadian/kegiatan berlangsung hingga sekarang.
Contoh kalimat dalam bentuk Present Perfect tense menggunakan "for" atau "since":
  • He has worked for two hours.
  • They have worked since two hours ago.
  • It has been my pet for 5 years.
  • They have been here since yesterday.

Latihan Soal
Lengkapilah kalimat-kalimat berikut ini dengan cara mengubah kata kerja dalam kurung ke dalam bentuk Present Perfect dengan benar.
  1. Nina ...(be)... angry with me since yesterday.
  2. I ...(not read)... these magazines.
  3. Her mother ...(sick)... for a week.
  4. ... his family ...(live)... in this town since two years ago?
  5. The students ...(have)... a flag ceremony for half an hour.
  6. Michael and I ...(study)... this lesson since four days ago.
  7. My brother ...(work)... on the experiment for two months.
  8. ... the teacher ...(explain)... this chapter?
  9. The boy ...(not eat)... since last night.
  10. Miss Anita ...(not be)... here since yesterday.

October 16, 2019

Offering and Asking for a Favor / Help

Common polite expressions used when we ask for a favor and offer some help
Offering HelpAsking for a Favor / HelpResponses
Can I ... + Verb 1?
Let me ... + Verb 1.
What can I do for you?
Can I help you?
Let me help you.
Let me give you a lift.
Can I do something for you?
Do you want something to ...?
Shall I get you to ...?
Can/could/will/would you ... + Verb 1?
Would you mind ... verb-ing?
Can you help me?
Can you hold this rabbit?
Would you mind helping me with my homework?
Accepting
Sure.
Certainly.
Of course.
With pleasure.
Refusing
No, thanks. I can do it myself.
I’m sorry. I can’t ....

Dialog 1
Vera: Hey, Ary. You look busy. What are you doing?
Ary: Well, I want to separate my hamsters. They fight all the time.
Vera: How can I help you?
Ary: Well, please hold this hamster. I’ll take the other one out. He’s very naughty.
Vera: Are you sure it won't bite me?
Ary: Don't worry. It's quite tame. The other one isn't.
Vera: Wow. It's so cute.
Ary: Alright. It’s done. Thanks for the help.
Vera: My pleasure. I think they’re very hungry. What do you give them?
Ary: I give them carrots, cabbages and many other kinds of vegetable. By the way, where are you going?
Vera: Well, actually I’m here because I need your help.
Ary: What is it? I’ll be happy to help.
Vera: It’s the mathematics assignment from Mr. Gatot. I think it’s rather complicated.
Ary: Alright. Let's go in. I hope I can help you.
Dialog 2

Offering and Asking for a Favor

Romi: Would you mind helping me, Edo?
Edo: I'd be glad to, Romi. What do you want me to do?
Romi: Help me hang up this picture. Hold it straight while I put in the nail.
Edo: I'd be glad to.
Romi: Hand me the hammer. Give me one of those nails, too, please.
Edo: Here you are.
Romi: There. How does it look? Tell me if I have it straight.
Edo: Yes, it's straight, but it's upside down.


EXERCISES
  1. Answer these questions by referring to Dialog 1
    1. Where does the dialog probably take place?
    2. What does Ary want to do?
    3. What does Ary want Vera to do?
    4. What does Vera want Ary to do?
    5. Can Ary help her?
    6. What will probably happen after the dialog?
  2. Answer these questions by referring to Dialog 2
    1. Where does the dialog probably take place?
    2. What is Romi doing?
    3. What does Romi want Edo to do?
    4. What happens in the end?
    5. What will they probably do after the dialog?
  3. Change the following to questions used when we ask for someone's favor.
    1. I want you to get the broken printer repaired.
    2. I want you to turn the lights off.
    3. I want you to submit the proposal tomorrow morning.
    4. I want you to get the reports ready.
    5. I want you to help me lift this box.

September 22, 2019

Singkatan Bahasa Inggris dalam Obrolan dan Pesan

Singkatan Bahasa Inggris dalam Obrolan dan Pesan
S
eringkali, saat kita sedang membaca obrolan (chat), surat bisnis, email, atau pesan (message), kita menjumpai kata-kata aneh yang tidak pernah kita temui dalam bahasa Inggris maupun bahasa Indonesia, seperti ASAP, IDK, LOL, dan lain-lain. Itulah singkatan yang umum digunakan untuk menyingkat berbagai ungkapan bahasa Inggris dalam obrolan, surat-menyurat, atau pesan.

Apa saja singkatan dalam bahasa Inggris yang perlu kita ketahui dan sering digunakan untuk percakapan melalui pesan? Berikut ini Mister Guru bagikan beberapa singkatan yang seringkali digunakan dalam berkirim pesan.

SingkatanArti
AFAIKAs far as i knowsetahu saya, sepengetahuan saya
AFKaway from keyboardtidak di depan komputer
AKAAlso known asalias
ASAPAs soon as possiblesegera, secepatnya, secepat mungkin
B4NBye for nowSampai di sini dulu
BBLBe back latersegera kembali, sebentar lagi kembali
BRBBe right backsegera kembali, sebentar lagi kembali
BTWBy the wayOmong-omong
CBCoffee breakistirahat sebentar
CIDCrying in disgracemenangis karena malu / terhina
CMIIWCorrect me if im wrongkoreksi jika aku salah
Cray CraySo crazy“Gila!”
CNPContinued (in next post)dilanjutkan pada postingan berikutnya
CRBTCrying really big tearsmenangis sejadi-jadinya
CUSee youSampai jumpa
CULSee you laterSampai jumpa lagi
DBATBDont beat around the bushjangan berbelit-belit, jangan bertele-tele
DMdirect messagepesan langsung
DMdoesn’t mattertidak masalah, tidak apa-apa
DIYDo it yourselfkerjakan sendiri
IDK / DunnoI dont know(saya) tidak tahu
EGEvil grinseringai jahat
EMSGEmail messagepesan email
F2FFace to facetatap muka, bertemu langsung
FCFinger Crossedmendoakan (seseorang)
FTBOMHFrom the bottom of my heartdari lubuk hati terdalam
FWIWFor what’s it’s worthbermanfaat atau tidak, penting atau tidak
FYIFor your informationsekedar informasi
GimmeGive meberikan saya
GR8GreatHebat! Keren!
GTSYGlad to see yousenang bertemu denganmu
H & KHug and kissPeluk cium
HAGNHave a good nightsemoga mimpi indah
HellaSo/very/hell ofsangat
HHISHanging head in shamesangat malu
HUBHead up buttonpikiran mesum
IKRI know, right?Benar, kan?
IAEIn any eventpada suatu kesempatan
ICI seeOoh gitu ya
IMCOIn my considered opinionmenurut pendapat saya
IMHOIn my humble opinionmenurut saya
IOWIn the other wordsdengan kata lain
IRLIn real lifepada kenyataannya
IWALUI will always love youaku akan selalu mencintaimu
JJJust jokingbercanda, hanya gurauan
JKJust kiddingbercanda, hanya gurauan
JMOJust my opinion(sekedar) pendapat saya
JTLYKJust to let you knowbiar kamu tau
KOK, OKAYOK, baik
KITKeep in touchjaga komunikasi, tetap kontak
LMKLet me knowBeritahu saya
LOLLaugh out loudtertawa terbahak-bahak, ngakak
LMAOLaughing my a$$ offtertawa terbahak-bahak, ngakak
LTNSLong time no seelama tak bertemu
LYLove youcinta kamu
LY2Love you toocinta kamu juga
MYOSMake your own sandwichKerjakan saja sendiri!
MTFMore to followselanjutnya
NADTNot a damn thingbukan apa-apa kok
NMnothing muchgak ngapa-ngapain
NRNo replytidak ada jawaban
NRNNo reply neededtidak butuh balasan
NvmNevermindtidak masalah, tidak apa-apa
OLOld ladyIbu/wanita tua
OMOld ManBapak/pria tua
OOTOut of topicKeluar dari topik
OTTOMHOff the top of my headdiluar kemampuan (pemikiran) saya
PMprivate message
PLUPrice look-up unitKode barang (dalam transaksi online)
QTcuttie
RGDSRegardsSalam hormat
ROFLRolling on the floor laughingterbahak-bahak
SOTShort of timewaktu terbatas
SMHShaking my headGeleng-geleng (kepala)
STFUShut the f*** upDiam!
TAThanks againTerima kasih sekali lagi
TBHTo be honestTerus terang, sejujurnya
TLDRtoo long, don’t readPesan yang panjang, tidak perlu dibaca
TCOYTake care of yourselfjaga diri baik-baik
TGIFThank God it's FridaySyukurlah, hari ini sudah Jumat
TOYThinking of youMemikirkan dirimu
TTYLTalk to you laterKita bicarakan lagi nanti
VIPVery important personOrang penting
WBWelcome backSelamat datang kembali
WTFWhat the f***Astaga! Apa-apaan?
WTHWhat the hellAstaga! Apa-apaan?
WYDWhat are you doing?Sedang apa?
WYWDwhat do you want to do?Apa yang ingin kamu lakukan?
WFHWork from homeKerja di rumah
YGYoung gentlemenPria muda
YLYoung ladyWanita muda
Jika sahabat Mister Guru ingin menambahkan singkatan baru atau yang belum tercantum dalam posting ini, silahkan menuliskannya di komentar. Semoga bermanfaat.

May 28, 2019

How to Write a Recount Text

A. What is a Recount Text?

Recount texts retell a past event. They tell the reader what happened in the past, e.g. a visit to a place of interest. Therefore, recount texts are mostly written in the past tense.

B. What is the structure of Recount Texts?

  1. Orientation:
    Recount texts start by telling the reader who was involved, what happened, where this event took place and when it happened. This is called the orientation.
  2. Sequence of events:
    The sequence of events is usually described in the order of time (chronological order).
  3. Reorientation:
    There can be a reorientation at the end which summarizes the event.

C. How to write a Recount Text?

When writing a recount text, pay attention to the checklist below:
  • Focus on individual people i.e. use the words, I or we
  • Use the words which indicate when the events took place (e.g. after ..., before ...).
  • Use the words which indicate where the events took place (e.g. at the beach, on the grass)
  • Write in the past tense e.g. went, visited, took.
  • Use action words e.g. made, walked, bought.

D. Read the examples of recount texts below.


Title
A Day Out

Orientation
We were having dinner when Uncle Hadi arrived. During the meal, he said, “I have an idea. Let’s go out for the day tomorrow. My friends told me that Bromo is a nice place. Why don’t we go there? We could have a picnic.“



Sequence
of events
We agreed that it was a good idea. So, after preparing a big basket full of food, we left the house at about half past eight. At first, we all enjoyed the drive. The scenery was really beautiful. But then it began to rain. My father had to be very careful on the slippery road, so it took us two hours to get there.

After the long journey, we wanted to go for a walk, but we didn’t have any umbrellas with us. So we just sat at a gazebo near a restaurant and had our picnic.

Reorientation
It was still raining at three o’clock, so in the end we all decided to go home. Everybody was very disappointed, except Uncle Hadi. He kept smiling and telling jokes all day long.

E. Exercise

Read the recount text below and do the exercise.
How to Write a Recount Text

Last Saturday I woke up early, but I didn’t get up because there was no school. Suddenly, my telephone rang. It was my friend Fanny. She asked me to go with her at 10.00 o clock. She wanted to buy something in traditional market.

Finally, we were out. On the street, I saw a piece of pink coupon. Attracted by its color, I took it. Then, Fanny and I read it. We were fully shocked. It was a receipt of a four nights tour to Lombok! The expiry date was that day. To our surprise, the name was Fanny Fenita and the birth date was exactly the same as hers. It was also valid for two persons. My God! We were thinking that maybe the coupon had fallen from the sky and now it was there for us.

We hurried to the address of the tour agency that issued the coupon. The tour agency took care of everything. We went home and still could not believe what was going on.

Two days later we were lying on the warm sand under the sun at Senggigi Beach. We had long public holiday, so we could enjoy the “gift” happily. We also bought some presents for our family and friends.

Questions
  1. What will be the best title for the above text?
  2. Please identify the orientation in the text.
  3. Please list the past tense verbs used in the text in chronological order.
  4. Is there a reorientation in the text? Which sentence/paragraph?
  5. How many persons were involved in the above text?
  6. Where did the events take place? Mention at least two places.
  7. When did the events happen?
  8. What does the word "gift" in the last paragraph mean?

F. Writing Practice

Now, by referring to the above checklist, write your own recount text. You can talk about your experience:
  • Going to the ....(Beach, Museum, etc.)
  • Visiting ....(My Uncle, the Zoo, etc.)
  • A Day at the ....(Farm, Lake, Beach, etc.)
  • My Unforgettable Experience in ....(Bali, Malang, etc.)
  • Going ....(Shopping, Swimming, for a Picnic, etc.)
Happy trying smiley.

May 08, 2019

Dialog: Making Predictions with Future Continuous Tense

An English conversation

Jim is sitting in a coffee lounge when Margaret comes in and sees him.
Margaret:Oh, hello, Jim! You’ve finished your coffee! Have you been here long?
Jim:I’ve been here since soon after ten o’clock, Margaret. I decided to sit here for a while, because I felt a little tired.
Margaret:Well, you’ve been feeling tired for a long time. It’s nearly eleven o’clock! What have you been doing since you finished your coffee? Weren’t you bored?
Jim:No, Margaret. I wasn’t bored. I’ve been sitting here thinking.
Margaret:Well, well .... And you’d been doing that for more than half an hour when I came in? What were you thinking about?
Jim:Oh, various things. For the last few minutes I’ve been wondering what Carol will be doing at this time next year.
Margaret:She’ll probably be having a meal in some foreign restaurant. Or perhaps she’ll be writing a long email to one of her friends in Australia describing all her adventures.
Jim:Yes, she’ll probably be having all sorts of adventures!
Margaret:My word! I can just imagine her trying to explain something in Paris, waving her arms and speaking in a mixture of Spanish, English, and bad French!
Jim:Yes, she’ll soon regret trying to learn Spanish instead of French ... I suppose you’ll be receiving amusing emails from her all the time she’s away?
Margaret:I suppose I shall ... You know, I’m not so sure what I’ll be doing this time next year. Perhaps, I’ll be repeating the year! If I don’t start studying hard soon, I’ll certainly fail at the end of this year.
Jim:Well, Margaret, I hate sounding like your Aunt Mabel, but – “take my advice and start studying immediately!” Because, unless you do, you probably won’t be working as a journalist in a few years’ time. And you’re very keen on that, aren’t you?”
Margaret:I suppose you’re right, Jim. Yes, I suppose I’ll be studying hard all the rest of this year. I must say I don’t feel like it!
Jim:Ah yes, but just think what you’ll be doing in three or four years’ time! When you’re a journalist, you’ll be traveling everywhere and seeing all sorts of interesting things. You’ll be meeting all sorts of interesting people.
Margaret:You’ve said enough, Jim! From now on I’m going to study harder than anyone else!

The form of Future Continuous Tense (shall/will be verb-ing)

We form this tense using the future simple of to be + the present participle (Verb-ing). In the first person (I/we), will is more usual than shall, except in the interrogative.
Affirmative I/we will/shall be working
he/she/it/you/they mill be working
Negative I/we will/shall not be working
he/she/it/you/they will not be working
Contractions:
I/we won't/shan't be working
he/she/it/you/they won't be working
Interrogative shall/will I/we be working?
will he/she/it/you/they be working?
Negative interrogative: will we not/won't we be working?
will he not/won't he be working?
Examples of Future Continuous tense:
Dialog: Making Predictions with Future Continuous Tense
  • At 3 o’clock, Salim will be working in the garden.
  • I’ll be working hard in the office all next week.
  • At this time tomorrow, I’ll be watching a soccer match.
  • Amat will be doing his homework all this evening.
  • You won’t be working all day tomorrow, will you?
  • What will you be doing in three weeks’ time?

The Use of Future Continuous tense

  1. The future continuous tense is often used as an ordinary continuous tense, which indicates or predicts an action that will be happening at a certain time in the future. It is normally used with an adverb of time, and expresses an action or event which starts before that time and probably continues after it. Read the example below.
    "It is 10.00 a.m. now. The students are sitting in their classroom. They are studying. At 11.30, they will be having a break. At 2.00 pm, they will be sitting in their classroom again. Tomorrow is Saturday and there will be no class. This time tomorrow they will not be sitting in the classroom. They will be doing other things. Tito will be playing tennis. Erna will be shopping. Wisnu will be helping his parents in their shop."
  2. The future continuous is used to express predictions and unintentional future/future without intention. It tells us about events at a future time, whether they are intentional or not. Read the example below:
    The students will be sitting in their classroom at this time tomorrow.
    (This does not imply that the students wish or have planned to sit in their classroom. It merely states that the action will happen as a routine or ordinary course of events.)
    The future continuous tense used in this way differs from the present continuous used for future arrangements.
    • The present continuous tense implies a definite and deliberate future action.
      I am meeting a new client tomorrow.
      (The first implies that the new client and/or the speaker has deliberately arranged the meeting.)
    • The future continuous tense usually implies or predicts an action which will occur in the normal course of events. It is therefore more casual than the present continuous.
      I'll be meeting a new client tomorrow.
      (It implies that the new client and the speaker will meet in the ordinary course of events.)
    However, with a definite time and for the near future, the difference is not very important and very often either tense can be used.
    • He'll be leaving tomorrow, or
      He is leaving tomorrow.
    • He won't be coming to the party, or
      He isn't coming to the party.
    With indefinite time or the remote future, the future continuous should be used.
    I'll be moving to another apartment (next month/next year/some time).
  3. In second-person question-forms, the Future Continuous is used to make a polite question. It concerns future activities rather than future intentions. Pay attention to the examples below:
    1. Are you going to call them soon? (Direct question about intentions)
      Will you be calling them soon? (Pure question about future activities, by-passing the intentions themselves)
    2. Will you meet Anton? (Request)
      Will you be meeting Anton? (Pure question about future activities)

Exercise

A. Change the verbs in brackets into the Future Continuous tense.
  1. When you arrive they (still prepare) the meal.
  2. She (see) him in a few minutes.
  3. The leaves (fall) soon.
  4. She says she (do) the washing tomorrow.
  5. We (have) crab for supper.
  6. You (go) to Surabaya again this week?
  7. We (not have) dinner in thirty minutes.
  8. You (learn) more about this tense after you do the exercise.
  9. Hurry up! The train (leave) in a minute.
  10. You are so absent-minded you (forget) your head next.
B. Change the verbs into the Future Continuous. Notice the change of meaning in some sentences.
  1. I'll write to you later.
  2. He's coming home soon.
  3. He is lecturing on the seventeenth-century poets next.
  4. I shall see her tomorrow afternoon.
  5. Are you going to use this spoon?
  6. Will you come to the party?
  7. When are you going to have the house painted?
  8. Which school are you going to send him to?
  9. You will make all the arrangements.
  10. I will not do any business with them.
  • Thomson & Martinet (1986). A Practical English Grammar (4th Ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Allen W. Stannard (1989). Living English Structure. Hong Kong: Longman.
  • Radio Australia, English for You. Victoria: The Dominion Press.

April 25, 2019

How to Express and Respond to an Invitation

How to Express and Respond to an Invitation
W
hen we want to request the presence or participation of someone, especially to request them to come or go to some place, gathering, entertainment, etc., or to do something, we need to make an invitation. Invitations, spoken or written, must be made in a kindly, courteous, or complimentary way. Here, we will learn about some of the most common English expressions used when someone wants to make and respond to an invitation politely. Please notice the form of the verbs used in different expressions.

What do you say if you want to make an invitation?

Making an Invitation
I would like
We would like you
to invite you to my birthday party.
to join us.
to go with us.
Would you like
Do you want
to take a nice walk?
to join us?
to go with us?
to see a film tonight?
How about
What about
Do you feel like
taking a nice walk?
joining us?
going with us?
seeing a film tonight?
Shall we
Will you
Would you
Why don't we
eat out tonight?
come to my party?
Let'stake an afternoon walk.
How about
What about
Would you like
a nice walk?
a cup of coffee?
some cold drink?

What do you say if you want to respond to an invitation?

Accepting an InvitationRefusing an Invitation
That’s great.
That’s alright.
That’s a good idea.
OK. I will.
I’d love to, but I'm afraid I can’t.
I’m sorry I can’t.
Well, I’d rather not go out in this weather.
Thanks for inviting, but I really have to study.

Exercises

Now read and practice the dialogs below and answer the questions.

A. Dialog 1

Lydia: What about going to the beach this weekend?
Ann: That’s a good idea, I’d love to. How are we going there?
Lydia: By motorcycle. I think it will be nice.
Ann: And what about our meals?
Lydia: We can have lunch at a restaurant there.
Ann: What time are we going?
Lydia: What about eight? I'll pick you up.
Ann: Alright. See you.
Questions:
  1. Please copy the sentence(s) expressing an invitation in the above dialog.
  2. Who has the idea of going to the beach?
  3. What does she say to express her invitation?
  4. Does the other speaker accept the invitation? What does she say?
  5. How are they going to the beach?

B. Dialog 2

Jimmy: We’re going to a basketball game on Sunday and we’ve got an extra ticket. Would you like to join us?
Aldo: That sounds nice, but I’m sorry, I can’t. I have a mathematics test on Monday. I have to study. Thanks for inviting me, though.
Jimmy: Are you sure? Sharon’s going to go too.
Aldo: Oh, how’s Sharon doing?
Jimmy: She’s doing fine. She has a new car.
Aldo: Well, I really can’t go, but say hi to her for me, OK?
Jimmy: O.K. I will.
Questions:
  1. Please copy the sentence(s) expressing an invitation in the above dialog.
  2. What does Jimmy offer Aldo to do?
  3. Does Aldo agree to go?
  4. What does Aldo say to respond to the invitation?
  5. What is his excuse?
  6. Do you think he refuses the invitation politely?

C. Dialog 3

Nia: Rita, how are you going to spend this weekend tomorrow?
Rita: I have no idea. I’ll probably just stay at home, as usual.
Nia: Well, Alya and I are planning to go to the beach. Would you like to join us?
Rita: That sounds great. What time?
Alya: What about 8 a.m.?
Rita: I think that's too early. What about 9?
Alya: Alright. We’ll pick you up at 9. See you, Rita.
Rita: Alright. See you.
Questions:
  1. Please copy the sentence(s) expressing an invitation in the above dialog.
  2. What invitation does Alya make to Rita?
  3. Does Rita accept it?
  4. What does Rita say to respond to the invitation?
  5. Where will will they meet? What time?

D. Role Play

Now let’s practice what you have learnt about spoken invitations. Construct a short dialog in which you invite a friend to do the following:
  1. Have lunch at the Mc Donald’s
  2. Go shopping in the mall
  3. Take a walk in the park
  4. Go fishing
  5. Go to the cinema

April 21, 2019

Exercise: Changing an Active Voice to a Passive Voice

P
ada halaman Active and Passive Voice, kita sudah belajar tentang bentuk kata kerja kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris (Passive voice) serta bagaimana dan kapan kita harus menggunakannya. Sekarang, sebagai pemantapan dan pengayaan materi Passive voice, mari kita kerjakan latihan tambahan di halaman ini. Jangan lupa, jika ada pertanyaan atau masalah dalam mengerjakan soal essay berikut ini, berilah komentar atau hubungi kami. Selamat mengerjakan.

Active to Passive Voice Exercise


Exercise A.

Complete the following passive voice sentences using the given verbs and tenses.
  1. This big temple (always admire) by tourists. - Present
    This big temple ... by tourists.
  2. His left leg (hurt) in the accident. - Past
    His left leg ... in the accident.
  3. The box (not open) for hundreds of years. - Present perfect
    The box ... for hundreds of years.
  4. A big battle (fight) here in 1945. - Past
    A big battle ... here in 1945.
  5. The road repair (complete) next year. - Future
    The road repair ... next year.
  6. English (speak) all over the world. - Present
    English ... all over the world.
  7. The answers must (write) on the answer sheet. - Infinitive
    The answers ... on the answer sheet.
  8. The new office building (paint). - Present Continuous
    The new office building ....
  9. The stolen motorcycle (find) in another town. - Present perfect
    The stolen motorcycle ... in another town.
  10. He said that a new proof (find). - Past perfect
    He said that a new proof ....

Exercise B.

Put the following sentences into the passive voice. Use the phrase in bold type as the subject where shown.
  1. Our receptionists will guide the guests to the conference room.
    The guests ... to the conference room.
  2. We have informed her about the registration date.
    She ... about the registration date.
  3. They have invited my little brother to their daughter's birthday party.
    My little brother ... to their daughter's birthday party.
  4. You should return this book in time.
    This book ... in time.
  5. The police asked the witness several questions about the robbery.
    The witness ... several questions about the robbery.
  6. They requested the stranger to leave the meeting.
    The stranger ... to leave the meeting.
  7. They are still investigating reports of possible abuse.
    Reports of possible abuse ....
  8. He had told us to be quick.
    We ... to be quick.
  9. Someone has stolen my friends' mobile phone.
    My friend's mobile phone ....
  10. My father promised me a new bicycle if I passed my examination.
    I ... a new bicycyle if I passed my examination.
  11. As soon as we had received the confirmation, we canceled the renovation plan.
    As soon as ..., ....
  12. After they had repaired the bridge, they reopened the road.
    After ..., ....
  13. We do not allow students to leave the classroom during lessons.
    ... during lessons.
  14. Visitors must park vehicles in the designated area.
    ....
  15. We took these photographs after the ceremony.
    ....
Untuk mengerjakan soal latihan ini secara online, klik tautan di bawah ini.
Online Exercise: Active Voice to Passive Voice