A. Example DialogueRaka is visiting Hadi and his mother, Mrs. Wira, after school. Here's their conversation:
|Mrs. Wira:||Do you have any homework today, Hadi?|
|Hadi:||Oh, I forget. But I think we don't have any homework today. I'm glad. I don't like homework.|
|Mrs. Wira:||I know you don't like it, but - are you sure you don't have any homework?|
|Raka:||I think we have some homework, Hadi. Yes! We must write an English exercise!|
|Raka:||Look - this is the exercise.|
|Hadi:||Yes. I remember now.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Well, you'd better start your homework now.|
|Hadi:||Yes .... Oh, I don't have any paper.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Here's some paper. Do you have a pen?|
|Hadi:||Yes. Oh, my pen is out of ink, and I don't have any spare pens.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Oh, dear! Raka, do you have a spare pen?|
|Raka:||Yes, Mrs. Wira.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Good. Please lend it to Hadi.|
|Raka:||Here you are, Hadi.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Now, Hadi, you have some paper and a pen. Now you can write that exercise.|
|Hadi:||There! That's finished now.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Let me see it, Hadi. Hmmm, you have some mistakes here, I think.|
|Hadi:||Do I? Where?|
|Mrs. Wira:||Look at this sentence. That isn't correct. Can you improve it?|
|Hadi:||Oh, yes! I remember the correct words now. I must change that sentence.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Let me see your exercise, Raka.|
|Raka:||Oh, Mrs. Wira, I think I have some mistakes too.|
|Mrs. Wira:||No, no, Raka. This is very good. You don't have any mistakes in this exercise.|
|Hadi:||Raka usually doesn't make any mistakes. But I always make some. Please look at this sentence again, Mom. Is it correct now?|
|Mrs. Wira:||Yes, I think so, Hadi. I don't see any mistakes now.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Well, would you like something to drink now?|
|Hadi and Raka:||Yes,please.|
|Mrs. Wira:||Good. Let's have some lemonade. .... Oh, I don't have any lemonade, but we can have some tea!|
- "Some" is used in positive sentences. Examples:
- I'm going to buy some books.
- There's some ice in the fridge.
- We did some exercises.
- "Any" is used in negative sentences. Examples:
- I'm not going to buy any books.
- There isn't any ice in the fridge.
- We didn't do any exercises.
- Most questions (but not all) use "any". Examples:
- Is there any ice in the fridge?
- Do you have any money?
- Why didn't you do any exercises?
- When we make offers or requests, we normally use "some", not "any". Examples:
- Would you like some ice cream?
- Can I have some coffee, please?
- Can you lend me some money?
- We can use "some" and "any" without a noun. Examples:
- I didn't take any photographs, but Ann took some. (=some photographs)
- I've just made some coffee. Would you like some? (=some coffee)
- We don't have any sugar. I'm going to buy some this afternoon. (=some sugar)