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Home Conjunctions Grammar Usage Both ... and; Either ... or; Neither ... nor

April 08, 2020

Both ... and; Either ... or; Neither ... nor

B
oth - and, Either - or, dan Neither - nor dalam bahasa Inggris adalah merupakan kata sambung berpasangan yang disebut "Paired Conjunction". Fungsinya adalah untuk menggabungkan dua kata benda, kata kerja, kata sifat, maupun kata keterangan demi efisiensi kalimat. Yang harus selalu diingat dalam penggabungan ini adalah struktur yang paralel, atau setingkat, misal kata benda harus digabungkan dengan kata benda, bukan dengan jenis kata lainnya. Selanjutnya, mari kita lihat penjelasan di bawah ini.

1. Both ... and

Both Either Neither
Both ... and ...memiliki makna 'one and the other' (kedua-duanya, baik yang ini maupun yang itu). Jika posisinya adalah subyek, both ... and ... membutuhkan kata kerja plural (jamak). Contoh:
  • Both Rina and Kiki are attending the sales meeting.
  • Both Alya and Rika have submitted their assignment.
Both ... and ... bisa digunakan untuk memberi penekanan pada 2 (dua) kombinasi kata sifat (adjective), kata benda (noun), atau kata kerja (verb). Contoh:
  • The trip was both long and boring.
  • My father is both a teacher and a translator.
Tambahan:
Ada beberapa macam penggunaan both selain yang telah disebutkan di atas:
  • Both bisa berdiri sendiri atau diikuti oleh kata benda (noun)
  • Both bisa diikuti (of) + the/these/those atau possessives
  • Both bisa diikuti of + us/you/them
  • A personal pronoun + both is also possible
Contoh:
  • Both (drivers) were uninjured in the accident.
  • They both tried to evacuate the passengers.

2. Either ... or

'Either ... or' digunakan dalam kalimat bermakna positif, yang berarti "one or the other, this or that, he or she" (salah satu dari dua, yang ini atau yang itu). Jika posisinya adalah subyek, kata kerja (verb) yang dibutuhkan bergantung pada subyek yang ada tepat di depan kata kerja. Contoh:
  • Either Joni or his friends have to report to the manager. (subyek yg terdekat dengan kata kerja adalah jamak (plural), "his friends")
  • Either Joni or Laila has to attend the meeting. (subyek yg terdekat dengan kata kerja adalah tunggal (singular), "Laila"
Tambahan:
"Either" bisa berdiri sendiri maupun digunakan bersama kata benda (noun/pronoun), atau dengan "of + the/these/those". Dalam struktur demikian, either membutuhkan kata kerja tunggal (singular). Contoh:
  • I don't like either of those films.
  • Either (of these) is acceptable.

3. Neither ... nor

'Neither ... nor' digunakan dengan kata kerja berbentuk positif, namun menjadikan kalimat bermakna negatif, yang berarti "not this one nor the other, not this nor that, not he nor she"" (bukan/tidak yang ini maupun yang itu, tidak kedua-duanya). Jika posisinya adalah subyek, kata kerja (verb) yang dibutuhkan bergantung pada subyek yang ada tepat di depan kata kerja. Contoh:
  • Neither Joni nor his friends study French. (subyek yg terdekat dengan kata kerja adalah jamak (plural), "his friends")
  • Neither Joni nor Laila studies French. (subyek yg terdekat dengan kata kerja adalah tunggal (singular), "Laila"
Tambahan:
"Neither" bisa berdiri sendiri maupun digunakan bersama kata benda (noun/pronoun), atau dengan "of + the/these/those". Dalam struktur demikian, neither membutuhkan kata kerja tunggal (singular). Contoh:
  • Neither of those films was directed by him.
  • Neither (of these) is acceptable.

4. Persamaan "Not either ... or" dengan "Neither ... nor"

"Not either ... or" bermakna sama dan bisa menggantikan "neither ... nor", kecuali jika sebagai subyek kalimat. Contoh:
  • The film was not either interesting or worth-seeing.
    The film was neither interesting nor worth-seeing.
  • He didn't either copy or save the files.
    He neither copied nor saved the files.
Latihan Soal
Lengkapilah kalimat-kalimat berikut ini dengan "Both ... and", "Either ... or", atau "Neither ... nor".
  1. We really had a great time at the beach. The weather was ... warm ... sunny.
  2. Our holiday was ruined. Almost all of the time, the weather was ... clear ... sunny.
  3. We have to find another room because this room isn't ... large ... bright.
  4. Experts are now working hard to find a cure for COVID-19. They are testing ... anti-viral medications ... vaccines.
  5. ... the government ... the people were prepared for COVID-19 outbreak.
  6. We don't know why he was absent yesterday. He didn't ... call ... send a message.
  7. Choose whichever you like. You can have ... fried chicken ... fried duck.
  8. I think you should help them. They need ... your help ... your advice.
  9. I can't move ... this box ... that one by myself. They are too heavy.
  10. The classroom is very dirty. ... the floor ... the tables have been cleaned for the whole week.
  11. It's urgent. We need your immediate confirmation ... by email ... by fax.
  12. To help stop the spread of germs, when you cough cover your mouth with ... a tissue ... your upper sleeve, not your hands.
  13. She isn't at the office right now. She must be ... having lunch ... attending a meeting on the second floor.
  14. ... Wina ... Vita showed up at the party. They said they had a very important meeting at their office.
  15. He is a good teacher. ... his explanation ... his examples are clear and easy to understand.
BSESD-Cls 1 080810 0145 PM 655

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