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Exercises: The Simple Past VS Present Perfect Tense (Intermediate)

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August 16, 2021

Factual Reports About Covid-19

Reading text 1

COVID-19
Covid in Indonesia

Covid-19 Covid-19 or Coronavirus Disease-2019 is an infectious disease caused by a new virus called SARS-Cov-2. This disease was first identified in Wuhan, China, in the end of 2019. The virus widely spread over many countries and then in March 2020, WHO declared Covid-19 a pandemic.

This disease attacks respiratory system. Covid-19 also makes infected people experience several symptoms. The common symptoms are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Some also experience aches, sore throat, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, headache, and loss of taste or smell. More serious symptoms are shortness of breath, chest pain, and loss of speech. However, there are many who do not experience symptoms.

It takes about 5-6 days for the symptoms to show. However, the incubation period takes 14 days. People who have mild to moderate illness may recover without hospitalization. Meanwhile, those who experience serious symptoms have to seek medical attention. The virus spreads through droplets when infected people sneeze or cough. Therefore, WHO recommends us to prevent infection by wearing a mask, washing hands regularly with soap and water, avoiding touching the face, covering our mouth and nose while sneezing or coughing, staying at home, and practicing physical distancing.

Questions A:
  1. What does "COVID-19" stand for?
  2. When and where was the disease first identified?
  3. What are the common symptoms of the disease?
  4. What happens in more serious cases?
  5. How long does it take for the symptoms to show?
  6. How long is the common incubation period?
  7. How does the virus spread?
  8. How can we prevent the disease according to WHO?

Reading text 2

COVID-19 IN INDONESIA

Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered virus namely SARS-Cov-2. This virus first appeared in Wuhan, China and eventually spread into many countries, including Indonesia.

In Indonesia, the first case of Covid-19 was reported on March 2, 2020. After WHO declaring Covid-19 a pandemic, activities such as working and studying have been done in homes.

However, the number of novel coronavirus cases kept growing. By the end of March 2020, the total case of the disease had reached 1528 cases. To respond to this pandemic, UNICEF has been leading efforts with governments, the World Health Organization and other partners.

The President also issued regulations regarding the pandemic, including Government Regulation No. 21/2020 which regulates a large-scale social restrictions (PSBB, now PPKM) and has been implemented in coordination and collaboration with various parties, in accordance with statutory provisions.

Questions B:
  1. According to the text, what virus causes Covid-19?
  2. When was the first case of Covid-19 identified in Indonesia?
  3. How many cases had been identified by the end of March 2020?
  4. What did United Nations' organizations do to deal with the pandemic?
  5. What did the President do to respond to the pandemic?
  6. What is Government Regulation No. 21/2020 about?
Adapted from https://www.kompas.com/skola/read/2020/12/14/194629969/contoh-factual-report-tentang-covid-19?page=all.

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