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Home Posts filed under Passive Voice
Showing posts with label Passive Voice. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Passive Voice. Show all posts

July 19, 2020

English Dialogue With Passive Voice: Meeting Friends At The Airport

J
im and Betty have come to the airport to meet their friends, Nancy and Tom, who are returning from a holiday in Indonesia. The plane has just arrived.
Betty:Oh, Jim, isn't it exciting!
Jim:Yes, it is. Can you see Nancy and Tom?
Betty:No, not yet.
Jim:Look, Betty, the stairs are being pushed towards the plane!
Betty:Yes, they're being put near the door of the plane. Oh, now the door is being opened. Oh, another door is being opened! What is that door for?
Jim:The passengers' luggage is taken out of that door.
Betty:I see. Oh, now the passengers are being allowed to come out of the plane! But I can't see Nancy and Tom yet.
Jim:Never mind. Perhaps they've been sitting at the back of the plane. They're probably being delayed by all the other passengers in front of them.
Betty:Look behind you, Jim! What a lot of people are waving handkerchiefs! They're recognising their friends.
Jim:My handkerchief is ready. I'll wave it as soon as I see Nancy and Tom.
Betty:Oh bother! Mine is in my bag. Jim, there's Nancy.
Jim:And there's Tom!
Betty:They haven't seen us yet.
Jim:I suppose our handkerchiefs can't be seen among all these other ones.
Betty:Oh, Jim, the passengers aren't being allowed to come and say "hello" to their friends. They're being taken into that room over there!
Jim:Yes, Betty. That's the Customs room. Their luggage must be examined by the Customs officials before they're allowed to talk to their friends.
Betty:Look, Nancy has seen us! She's waving to us.
Jim:So is Tom.
Betty:Hello, Nancy!
Jim:Tom! Hello!
Betty:Oh, we can't be heard - there's too much noise! How long before we'll be able to talk to them?
Jim:Oh, people are never kept very long by the Customs officials. After their luggage is examined, they'll be able to talk to us.
Betty:But while their luggage is being examined, we aren't allowed to go into the Customs room.
Jim:No, nobody is allowed to go into the Customs room to speak to the passengers. Let's go and wait near the door.
Betty:Oh yes! I can hardly wait to be told all about their holiday in Indonesia.
Meeting Friends At The Airport
Answer the following questions.
  1. Where does the conversation take place?
  2. What are Jim and Betty doing there?
  3. Where have Nancy and Tom been?
  4. What will Jim do with his handkerchief?
  5. Where's Betty's handkerchief?
  6. Can the passengers come and say 'hello' to their friends after they come out of the plane?
  7. Where are the passengers being taken?
  8. When will Jim and Betty be able to talk to their friends?
  9. Where will they wait for their friends?
  10. Please copy all the sentences with "passive present continuous" and underline the verbs.
7/27/11, 11:34 PM, PV 2353
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June 15, 2020

English Dialogue With Passive Voice: A Trip to Indonesia

H
adi is sitting and drinking a cup of coffee when he sees Margaret.
Hadi:Hello, Margaret!
Margaret:Oh, hello, Hadi.
Hadi:Won't you sit down here?
Margaret:Certainly.
What are you doing?
Hadi:Just drinking coffee and thinking.
Margaret:Well, now you can drink coffee and talk! I want to be told all the news!
Hadi:News! What news!
Margaret:About Jim and Betty's friends, the Fosters - Tom and Nancy. They've just come back from Indonesia, haven't they?
Hadi:Oh, yes, they arrived home last week. I was invited to Jim and Betty's place a few days ago, and Tom and Nancy were there too.
Margaret:And did they tell you all about their trip? What did they do? Where did they go?What interested them the most? Did they enjoy themselves?
Hadi:Yes, I think they enjoyed their holiday very much. They went to Jakarta first - by plane from Sydney. They have some friends in Jakarta, and so they were invited to a lot of places, and they were taken on several visits.
Margaret:Lucky people!
Hadi:After they'd been in Jakarta for a few days, a visit to Bandung was arranged for them. They were taken there by car. They were delighted by the scenery in Bandung.
Margaret:Yes, it must be a beautiful place.
Hadi:Ah, you'll go there one day, Margaret!
Margaret:Mm! Did Nancy and Tom speak Indonesian while they were there?
Hadi:A little. They knew only a few words of Indonesian - but they practiced them whenever possible! They met some Indonesian people who could speak English to them.
Margaret:Really?
Hadi:Yes, English is spoken by quite a lot of people in Indonesia now! One day Nancy and Tom were invited to a meeting of a Youth Club. They were asked to give a speech.
Margaret:In English?
Hadi:Yes. And after the speech had been given, they were asked a lot of questions about Australia. They found it very interesting.
Margaret:H'm.
Hadi:Another day, they went to Borobudur.
Margaret:Where?
Hadi:Borobudur. Haven't you heard of it?
Margaret:I'm not sure, Hadi. Where is it?
Hadi:It's in Central Java. It's an old Buddhist temple. It was built - oh, a long time ago.
Margaret:How long ago?
Hadi:I don't know, Margaret - I'm not a history student!
Margaret:Neither am I.
Hadi:I don't think the date is known exactly, but it must have been built - oh, between the eighth and ninth centuries. It was designed very beautifully.
Margaret:And it's a tourist attraction, is it?
Hadi:Yes. If you come to the party next week, you'll be shown some pictures of it. Tom and Nancy are bringing some photos that were taken in Indonesia.
Margaret:Good! I love being shown photos! What else did Tom and Nancy do?
Hadi:Well, they didn't have much time to go to a lot of places - it was only a very short holiday - but they had a quick visit to Bali. Then they came back to Jakarta, and caught the plane home to Sydney.
Margaret:And they were met at the airport by Betty and Jim.
Hadi:Yes. And when Betty and Jim heard all about their holiday, they decided that they must go to Indonesia for a holiday themselves!
Exercise
Answer the following questions.
  1. Where does the above conversation probably take place?
    English Dialogue With Passive Voice
  2. Who are they talking about?
  3. Where have the Fosters been?
  4. When did they arrive?
  5. What places did they visit during their trip?
  6. How long did they stay in Jakarta?
  7. Where did they go after visiting Jakarta?
  8. Did Nancy and Tom speak Indonesian language during their trip?
  9. where did Nancy and Tom give a speech?
  10. What happened after the speech?
  11. Does Margaret know much about Borobudur temple?
  12. What does Hadi know about Borobudur?
  13. Where will Margaret be shown the photos of the trip?
  14. Was it a long holiday, or was it a short one?
  15. What did Betty and Jim decide to do after hearing about the Fosters' holiday?
BML 062611 1159 AM 2420

April 10, 2020

English Dialogue With Passive Voice: The Invitation

Jim:Betty, something interesting happened this afternoon.
Betty:This is such an interesting article in the paper, Jim.
Jim:Now, Betty! There's something I want to tell you.
Betty:Jim! You know I don't like being disturbed while I'm reading the paper.
Jim:But Betty, Hadi has invited us to a party at the University!
Betty:At the University! Why didn't you tell me?
Jim:I've been trying to tell you, but you didn't want to be disturbed.
Betty:Well, I want to be told all about it. Who invited us?
Jim:Hadi phoned me this afternoon and invited us.
Betty:What sort of party will it be?
Jim:Hadi's professor is giving a farewell party for him. The professor told him that some of his best friends could be invited too.
Betty:And Hadi thought of us! I'm very happy to be invited to the party. and I'm very proud of being included among Hadi's best friends!
Jim:Well, I hope to be introduced to Hadi's professor. I've heard so much about him.
Betty:Jim! What shall I wear?
Jim:Oh, you have plenty of beautiful clothes. Of course, my best suit should be dry cleaned.
Betty:Jim, your best suit needn't be dry cleaned. It looks quite all right. But I'll need a new dress for the party. I wouldn't like to be seen at the party in an old dress.
Jim:Well, I know you like being invited to parties, and I know you enjoy being admired when you're wearing new clothes, but the expense must be thought of!
Betty:Oh, the money for a new dress could be saved if you gave up smoking for a few weeks!
Jim:Now, Betty, let's be sensible. You have that wonderful blue dress that you wore to Nancy's party. Hadi and Yati weren't at that party, so they haven't seen it yet. Nobody at Hadi's party will have seen that dress, so you'll be able to wear that.
Betty:I suppose you're right, Jim. But I'll need a new bag - and some new shoes!
Exercise
Answer the following questions.
English Dialogue With Passive Voice
  1. What do the speakers mainly talk about?
  2. Where does the conversation most probably take place?
  3. What is Betty doing?
  4. What does Jim want to tell Betty?
  5. Who will hold the party?
  6. How does Betty feel to be invited?
  7. What dress does Betty want to wear?
  8. Does Jim agree with Betty? Why?
  9. What does Jim think about his best suit?
  10. Does Betty agree with Jim? Why?
  11. What does Betty want at last?
  12. Please copy all the passive voice sentences in the dialogue. You can refer to How to Change an Active Sentence to the Passive Voice.
BSESMKCls XII 070411 0928 PM 2380

April 21, 2019

Exercise: Changing an Active Voice to a Passive Voice

P
ada halaman Active and Passive Voice, kita sudah belajar tentang bentuk kata kerja kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris (Passive voice) serta bagaimana dan kapan kita harus menggunakannya. Sekarang, sebagai pemantapan dan pengayaan materi Passive voice, mari kita kerjakan latihan tambahan di halaman ini. Jangan lupa, jika ada pertanyaan atau masalah dalam mengerjakan soal essay berikut ini, berilah komentar atau hubungi kami. Selamat mengerjakan.

Active to Passive Voice Exercise


Exercise A.

Complete the following passive voice sentences using the given verbs and tenses.
  1. This big temple (always admire) by tourists. - Present
    This big temple ... by tourists.
  2. His left leg (hurt) in the accident. - Past
    His left leg ... in the accident.
  3. The box (not open) for hundreds of years. - Present perfect
    The box ... for hundreds of years.
  4. A big battle (fight) here in 1945. - Past
    A big battle ... here in 1945.
  5. The road repair (complete) next year. - Future
    The road repair ... next year.
  6. English (speak) all over the world. - Present
    English ... all over the world.
  7. The answers must (write) on the answer sheet. - Infinitive
    The answers ... on the answer sheet.
  8. The new office building (paint). - Present Continuous
    The new office building ....
  9. The stolen motorcycle (find) in another town. - Present perfect
    The stolen motorcycle ... in another town.
  10. He said that a new proof (find). - Past perfect
    He said that a new proof ....

Exercise B.

Put the following sentences into the passive voice. Use the phrase in bold type as the subject where shown.
  1. Our receptionists will guide the guests to the conference room.
    The guests ... to the conference room.
  2. We have informed her about the registration date.
    She ... about the registration date.
  3. They have invited my little brother to their daughter's birthday party.
    My little brother ... to their daughter's birthday party.
  4. You should return this book in time.
    This book ... in time.
  5. The police asked the witness several questions about the robbery.
    The witness ... several questions about the robbery.
  6. They requested the stranger to leave the meeting.
    The stranger ... to leave the meeting.
  7. They are still investigating reports of possible abuse.
    Reports of possible abuse ....
  8. He had told us to be quick.
    We ... to be quick.
  9. Someone has stolen my friends' mobile phone.
    My friend's mobile phone ....
  10. My father promised me a new bicycle if I passed my examination.
    I ... a new bicycyle if I passed my examination.
  11. As soon as we had received the confirmation, we canceled the renovation plan.
    As soon as ..., ....
  12. After they had repaired the bridge, they reopened the road.
    After ..., ....
  13. We do not allow students to leave the classroom during lessons.
    ... during lessons.
  14. Visitors must park vehicles in the designated area.
    ....
  15. We took these photographs after the ceremony.
    ....
Untuk mengerjakan soal latihan ini secara online, klik tautan di bawah ini.

May 19, 2013

How to Change an Active Sentence to the Passive Voice

How to Change an Active Sentence to the Passive Voice

P
assive voice atau kalimat pasif sangat sering dipakai, terutama dalam tulisan-tulisan teknik, dimana kita lebih banyak membicarakan fakta, proses, maupun kejadian daripada membicarakan orang/pelakunya.

Passive voice disusun dengan menggunakan kata kerja bantu "be" yang sesuai dengan bentuk waktu (tenses) yang digunakan dalam active voice atau kalimat aktif, diikuti oleh kata kerja bentuk ke-3 (the past participle). Subyek dalam active voice akan menjadi "agen" (agent) dalam passive voice. Agen ini seringkali tidak disebutkan, tapi jika disebutkan maka harus didahului oleh "by" dan diletakkan diakhir kalimat.

Dalam tes-tes berbentuk Sentence Completion, seperti TOEFL, TOEIC dan Ujian Nasional, kemampuan untuk menentukan apakah sebuah kalimat memiliki kata kerja aktif atau pasif seringkali diujikan. Peserta ujian harus mampu menganalisa subyek kalimat beserta bentuk waktu (tense) dengan benar.

A. Active Tenses & Passive Tenses

Lihatlah tabel berikut ini untuk mengetahui pasangan kata kerja aktif dengan bentuk pasifnya dalam berbagai bentuk waktu (tenses).
Bentuk kata kerja aktif dan pasif
Tense/Verb FormActive TensesPassive Tenses
Simple Present
Simple Past
Present Continuous
Past Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Future
Conditional
Perfect Conditional
Present Infinitive
Perfect Infinitive
Present Participle / Gerund
Perfect Participle
do / does
did
am / is / are doing
was / were doing
have / has done
had done
will do
would do
would have done
to do
to have done
doing
having done
am / is / are done
was / were done
am / is / are being done
was / were being done
have / has been done
had been done
will be done
would be done
would have been done
to be done
to have been done
being done
having been done

B. Contoh-contoh Active Voice dan Passive Voice

Lihat contoh-contoh active voice dengan padanan passive voicenya.
Contoh kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif
Active VoicePassive Voice
We sell computers.Computers are sold.
We keep the butter here.The butter is kept here.
Babbage invented ‘The Analytical Engine’ in 1830.‘The Analytical Engine’ was invented in 1830.
They broke the window.The window was broken.
We will link the device to the central computer.The device will be linked to the central computer.
People have seen tigers in the forest.Tigers have been seen in the forest.
He has installed the programs.The programs have been installed.
They are repairing the bridge.The bridge is being repaired.
They were carrying the man off the field.The man was being carried off the field.

C. Penggunaan Passive Voice

Dalam bahasa Inggris, passive voice atau kalimat pasif tidak begitu saja digunakan tanpa alasan tertentu. Ada beberapa alasan mengapa kita sebaiknya menggunakan passive voice, sebagai pengganti active voice.
  1. Jika subyek atau pelaku kata kerja aktif tidak perlu disebutkan, atau jika kita lebih menitikberatkan pembicaraan pada kejadian atau tindakan daripada pelakunya.
  2. Jika kita tidak tahu atau lupa siapa subyek atau pelaku tindakan.
  3. Jika subyek kata kerja aktif bukan merupakan orang tertentu, misal ‘people’, atau kata ganti benda tak tentu (indefinite pronoun) ‘one’.
  4. Untuk menghindari gaya bahasa yang "kaku" atau tidak lazim, atau kalimat yang tidak memiliki tata bahasa yang baik. Passive voice biasanya digunakan untuk menghindari terjadinya pergantian subyek dalam satu kalimat.
    Contoh:
    1. Kalimat "When he arrived home a detective arrested him" sebaiknya disusun menjadi "When he arrived home he was arrested (by a detective)"
    2. Kalimat "When their mother was ill neighbors looked after the children" sebaiknya disusun menjadi "When their mother was ill the children were looked after by neighbors"
Karena itulah, passive voice tidak selalu harus menyebutkan "by ...", karena seringkali agen (pelaku) tersebut tidak penting untuk disebutkan, atau bahkan tidak diketahui secara jelas. Jika memang agen (pelaku) penting untuk disebutkan, lebih baik kita menggunakan kalimat aktif (active voice).

D. Exercises

  1. Read the text below, which describes the insurance company’s procedure for dealing with PC-users’ problems. Fill in the gaps using the correct passive form of the verb in brackets.

    All calls ...(register)... by the Help Desk staff. Each call ...(evaluate)... and then ...(allocate)... to the relevant support group. If a visit ...(require)..., the user ...(contact)... by telephone, and an appointment ...(arrange).... Most calls ...(deal with)... within one working day. In the event of a major problem requiring the removal of a user’s PC, a replacement can usually ...(supply)....

  2. Change the following into the passive voice. The agent (by ...) should not be mentioned, except in number 5.
    1. You need a doctor's prescription to buy the medicine.
    2. We use the hall only on special occasions.
    3. They make these artificial flowers of used paper.
    4. Someone has repaired the printer.
    5. The mob broke the office windows in a recent strike.
    6. People should return the books in time.
    7. We will announce the decision soon.
    8. They will deliver the goods tomorrow morning.
    9. A thief had stolen his new bicycle.
    10. They invited me to the party.