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Showing posts with label Dialogue. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Dialogue. Show all posts

August 05, 2022

Giving And Asking For Permission, And Making And Responding To Preventions In English

Asking For Permission
W
riting this material reminds me of one of the most amusing experiences that I have had during my long years of being an English teacher. That day, I was teaching a class when a boy student got up from his chair and walked to me. Then he spoke to me in Indonesian, asking for permission to go to the bathroom. I rejected and asked him to use English. Responding to my requirement, he said, "Sir, I am toilet." And the class burst out laughing.

Do you know why? Yes, the sentence "Sir, I am toilet." is NOT the correct expression to say when you are requesting or asking for permission to leave the classroom and go to the bathroom. Now, in order for us not to make a similar mistake when we are requesting permission, let's study the following expressions.

A. Using Modals: "Can I", "Could I", "May I":
Using "Can I", "Could I", "May I"Verb 1
Can I
Could I
May I
go to the bathroom?
use your car?
close the door?
Giving permissionRefusing to give permission
Yes, you can.
Sure, please do.
Certainly, go ahead.
Yes, of course
No problem
By all means.
Yes, why not?
No, sorry.
I’m sorry, you can’t.
No, I’m afraid not ....
I'm afraid you can't do that.
You're now allowed to ....
You should not ....
B. Using "Would you mind ...?":
Using "Would you mind if ...?"subject + Verb 2 (Simple Past)?
Would you mind ifI went to the bathroom?
I used your car?
I closed the door?
Giving permissionRefusing to give permission
No, not at all.
Certainly not.
Please do.
No, go ahead.
I'm sorry, you can't.
Yes, I would.
Certainly.
C. Using "Do you mind ...?":
Using "Do you mind if ...?"subject + Verb 1 (Simple Present)?
Do you mind ifI open the window?
I leave now?
I close the door?
Giving permissionRefusing to give permission
No, I don't.
No, not at all.
Certainly not.
Please do.
No, go ahead.
I'm sorry, you can't.
Yes, I do.
Certainly.
Note: Be careful when responding to a request using "Would you mind ...?". The response "Yes, certainly" would indicate that "you would mind". Hence, if you have objection to the request and do not want to give permission, the response should be "Yes, certainly", "Yes, I do". If you have no objection, the appropriate response would be "No, I don't mind", or "No, please be my guest."
D. Using Other forms:
Using "wonder"subject + could + Verb 1 (Simple Past)?
I wonder ifI could borrow your dictionary.
I could use your car.
Giving permissionRefusing to give permission
Yes, certainly.
Please do.
Why not? Go ahead.
I'm sorry, you can't.
I'm sorry, but I'm still using it.
E. Making Preventions:
Making Preventions
I wouldn’t do that if I were you.
I wouldn’t take the risk if I were in your shoes. It’s too risky.
(I think) it’s not a good idea.
Responding to Preventions
Allright. I’ll consider that.
I’ll think about that.
I’ll think it over.
I’ll reschedule my plan.
Please do.
Why not? Go ahead.
F. Example Dialogues.
Short Dialogue 1
Man : Excuse me, could I try this shirt?
Woman : Yes, please. There's a fitting room over there, near the counter.
Short Dialogue 2
Man : Do you mind if I use your computer to type this letter?
Woman : No, not at all. Please do.
Short Dialogue 3
Woman : May I open the windows? It's very stuffy here.
Man : I'm afraid you can't. The wind is very strong outside.
Short Dialogue 4
Man : Can I put my luggage here?
Woman : That's okay, but please don't be too long.
G. EXERCISE
Write short dialogues like the above examples about permissions based on the following situations.
  1. Your camera is out of battery. You want to borrow your friend's camera.
  2. It's getting late. You should leave your friend's house and go home.
  3. It's very windy and dusty outside. You want to close the windows.
  4. You forgot to bring your charger. You need to use your friend's phone charger.
  5. You want to turn on your television.
  6. You want to go to a movie with your best friends.
  7. You want to visit your friend at the hospital this afternoon. You ask for permission to your mother.
  8. You cannot use your motorcycle to come to your friend's party. You ask your best friend to lend you his motorcycle.
  9. Your pen suddenly runs out. You want to use your deskmate's pen but he is still using it.
  10. You want to go to the beach, but your parents do not allow you to go because the weather is bad.
Prev: 51611 1201PM PV192

August 01, 2022

Talking About Jobs & Routine Tasks

Talking About Jobs
T
alking about jobs and professions or occupations is very common in social interactions, especially when we want to know more about a person that we have just met. Small talks on jobs or professions is one of the safest topic to talk about in initial meetings. You can build a light and comfortable conversations by talking or asking about jobs or professions, for example discussing the type of job you do and where you work.
Tips: In talking about jobs or routine tasks, we mainly use the simple present tense.

Here are some gambits and expressions that you can use in talking about jobs or professions.

A. Asking about jobs / professions.
  • Do you have a job?
  • Do you work full-time or part-time?
  • Where do you work?
  • What are you?
  • What is he?
  • What is your job?
  • What is his job?
  • What is your father's job?
  • What is your occupation?
  • What is your profession?
  • What do you do?
  • What type of job do you do?
  • What does he do?
  • What does your father do?
  • What does he do for a living?
  • How does he earn a living?
  • What do you do to make a living?
B. Telling about jobs / professions.
  • I am a student / a teacher / a bank clerk, etc.
  • He is a soldier / a teacher / a doctor, etc.
  • I work as a teacher in a vocational school.
  • He works as a consultant.
  • I work for a foreign company.
  • He works in a garment manufacturer and exporter.
  • My job is selling computers online.
  • Her job is handling telephone calls.
  • He is in charge of the front office department.
  • Her job mainly deals with customers' complaints.
C. Showing interest
  • Are you?
  • Wow! That must be interesting.
  • How interesting!
  • It must be a well-paid job.
  • That sounds like a lot of hard work.
  • That must be a lot of work.
  • That must be a rewarding job.
D. Example Dialogue
Read the following conversation and practice it.
Anne :Hi, Jim. I heard that you've got a new job now.
Jim :Yes. I resigned from my old job two months ago, and moved to an exporting company.
Anne :How do you travel to work now?
Jim :By city bus. I usually take the A17 bus at 6:45 every morning.
Anne :What time do you start work?
Jim :At 8 sharp.
Anne :And how do you spend the day in your new job?
Jim :Well, in the morning I usually type letters to customers.
Anne :What time is your lunch break?
Jim :We have a one-hour break from 12 pm until 1 pm.
Anne :And what do you do in the afternoon?
Jim :I usually make telephone calls, and check incoming emails.
Anne :Sounds interesting! What time do you finish work?
Jim :I usually leave the office at 4.30 pm.
Anne :I hope you like your new job, Jim. See you!
Jim :Thanks, Anne. See you!
E. EXERCISES
I. Guess what profession is being talked about.
II. Answer these questions by referring to the example dialogue between Anne and Jim above.
  1. Where does Jim work?
  2. How long has he been working there?
  3. How does he go to work?
  4. What time does he catch the bus to work?
  5. What time does he start work?
  6. What does he usually do in the morning?
  7. What time does he have lunch?
  8. What does he usually do after lunch?
  9. What time does he leave work?
  10. What can you infer about the relationship between the speakers?
III. Explain these occupations. Use the Simple Present to tell about the places of work and what he or she usually does.
Example:
A policeman : He usually works in the police station, but sometimes on the street. He controls the traffic and keeps situation in order.
  1. A bell boy : ....
  2. A receptionist : ....
  3. A teacher : ....
  4. A waitress : ....
  5. A farmer : ....
  6. A nurse : ....
  7. A firefighter : ....
  8. A front desk clerk : ....
  9. A carpenter : ....
  10. An architect : ....
  11. A shopkeeper : ....
  12. A tailor : ....
  13. A lawyer : ....
  14. A chef : ....
  15. A room boy : ....

December 09, 2021

How To Express Amazement, Admiration, or Surprise in English

A. TELLING SURPRISING NEWS
  • Guess what!
  • Surprise!
  • I’ve got news for you!
  • Do you know what!
  • Are you sitting down?
  • You’d better sit down!
  • You won’t believe this, but...
B. EXPRESSING AMAZEMENT / ADMIRATION

That’s + adjective!

That’s
amazing!
incredible!
terrific!

That’s + noun phrase!

That’s
a beautiful goal!
a brilliant maneuver!
a nice dress!

What + noun phrase!

What
a wonderful voice she has!
a brilliant maneuver!
a nice dress!

How + adjective / adverb!

How
stunning she looks!
gently she walks!
clever!
C. EXPRESSING SURPRISE
Amazement, Admiration, Surprise
  • I’m really surprised at ....
  • Oh no! It can’t be (true)!
  • My goodness!
  • What a surprise!
  • What on earth is that thing?
  • I was shocked by ....
  • It’s too good to be true!
  • It’s unbelievable!
  • I can’t believe it!
  • Incredible!
  • It’s really beyond belief!
D. EXERCISES
I. Match each incomplete sentence into the correct word, "How" or "What".
II. Arrange these jumbled sentences
  1. experience – what – had – unforgettable – an – we
  2. was – fascinating – sunset – how – the
  3. actress – a – beautiful – what – is – she
  4. a – family – our – dinner – had – what – fantastic
  5. the – next – how – girl – is – adorable – door
  6. succeed – she – how – to – hard – tried
  7. perfect – by – what – Ronaldo – ball – a – long
  8. the – astonishing – was – sight – how
  9. hall – a – conference – large – what – is – it
  10. for – what – the – team – a – new – year – successful
III. Complete the following dialogues using your own words.
Dialogue 1
Didy:Look. Messy has just scored another goal.
Danny:Wow! ....
Didy:....
Dialogue 2
Bob:What are you reading?
Paul:Sport news as usual.
Bob:What's new today?
Paul:My favorite team won once again. So far, it is the only club that has won each of its five three league matches.
Bob:Really? ....
Paul:Furthermore, so far it has scored 11 goals and allowed none. Isn’t it amazing?
Bob:Indeed. ....
Dialogue 3
Yoyo:Can we go to the movie this evening?
Nike:I’d love to, but I’m sorry I’m tied up till 8 p.m. I’m going to have a meeting at 4 p.m. and it may last until 6. Then I still have to finish a report tonight in order to meet the deadline.
Yoyo:....
Nike:I wish I could go with you. What about Friday evening?
Yoyo:....

October 11, 2021

Making And Handling Telephone Calls

A. Useful Expressions
Receiving a call
  • Hello / good morning / good afternoon.
  • Good morning, ...(your institution)....
  • Hello. Dea speaking.
  • Yes, can I help you?
  • Oh, hi! It's been a long time. How are you?
Starting a call (caller)
  • Hello / good morning / good afternoon.
  • May I speak to ...(someone)..., please?
  • Could I speak to ...(someone)..., please?
  • I'd like to speak to ...(someone)....
Telling identity
  • This is ...(your name)... speaking.
  • ...(your name)... speaking.
  • I'm calling on behalf of ...(company)....
  • ...(someone)... told me to contact you.
Asking identity
  • Who's calling, please?
  • Who's speaking?
  • May I have your name?
  • Who am I speaking to?
  • Is that ...(someone)...?
  • Can I ask who’s calling?
Note:
We don’t use "Are you ...?"to find out who is on the other end of the phone.
We can ask "Is that Anne?", not "Are you Anne?"

Asking to wait
  • Hold the line, please.
  • Could you hold on?
  • Just a moment, please.
  • Please wait a minute.
Connecting
  • The line is free now. I'll put you through.
  • Thank you for holding.
Giving information
  • I'm sorry. He/she is not available at the moment.
  • I'm afraid the line is engaged. Could you call back later?
  • I'm afraid he's still in a meeting.
  • I'm sorry. He's out of the office today.
  • I'm sorry. There's nobody here by that name.
  • Sorry. I think you have dialled the wrong number.
Leaving a message
  • I'd like to leave a message.
  • Please tell him that I will meet him next week.
  • Please tell him that I called.
  • That's alright. I'll call back later.
  • Yes. Please tell him to contact me.
Taking a message
  • Would you like to leave a message?
  • Do you have a message?
  • May I take a message?
  • May I have your number?
  • Let me repeat your message. ...(repeat the message and confirm the details, e.g. place, time, telephone number, etc.)
Asking to repeat
  • I'm sorry. Could you speak up, please?
  • Could you repeat that, please?
  • I'm afraid I can't hear you.
  • I'm sorry. I didn't catch that. Come again?
  • I beg your pardon. The line is very bad.
Closing a call
  • Thank you. Bye.
B. Example Dialogues
Dialogue 1
Dave phones Vicki’s number to see if Nigel’s there.
DAVE: Hello, could I speak to Vicki?
VICKI: Speaking.
DAVE: Oh, hello Vicki – I didn’t recognise your voice. It’s Dave.
VICKI: Hi, Dave. How’s things?
DAVE: Not bad, thanks. Listen, I don’t suppose Nigel’s there, is he?
VICKI: No – but I’m expecting him round later on.
DAVE: OK – could you get him to ring me back?
VICKI: Of course. Can you give me your number?
DAVE: I think he’s got it, but let me give you it now just in case.
VICKI: Hang on – let me get a pen . . . OK.
DAVE: Six-seven-nine-oh-four-oh-four. Got that?
VICKI: Got it!

Dialogue 2
Handling Telephone Calls
Julie’s phone rings, and she answers.
JULIE: 247649.
TERRY: Ah, hello. Could I speak to Jim, please?
JULIE: Jim?
TERRY: Yes, Jim Fife. Is he there?
JULIE: I’m afraid there isn’t anyone here by that name. Who am I speaking to?
TERRY: This is Terry Smith. Isn’t that Marilyn’s house?
JULIE: No – you’ve got the wrong number.
TERRY: Ah – I’m sorry.
JULIE: Quite all right.

Dialogue 3
Cynthia phones to speak to Bob at work. But she gets through to his secretary.
CYNTHIA: Hello, it’s Cynthia Palmer here. Can I speak to Bob Watford please?
SECRETARY: Hold on, I’ll see if he’s available .... Hello? I’m afraid Mr Watford’s in a meeting at the moment. Would you like to leave a message?
CYNTHIA: Yes – could you ask him to get back to me as soon as possible?
SECRETARY: Yes – has he got your number?
CYNTHIA: Yes, he has.
SECRETARY: Fine – I’ll make sure he calls you as soon as he gets out of the meeting.
CYNTHIA: Thanks.

Source: Colloquial English: A Course for Non-Native Speakers by Gareth King

August 21, 2021

Some VS Any: What's The Difference?

Some VS Any
I
n this post, you are going to learn how to use "some" and "any" quantifiers and how they are different. Read the dialogue below in which there are sentences with "some" and "any" quantifiers. Pay close attention to how "some" and "any" are used.
A. Example Dialogue
Raka is visiting Hadi and his mother, Mrs. Wira, after school. Here's their conversation:
Mrs. Wira:Do you have any homework today, Hadi?
Hadi:Oh, I forget. But I think we don't have any homework today. I'm glad. I don't like homework.
Mrs. Wira:I know you don't like it, but - are you sure you don't have any homework?
Raka:I think we have some homework, Hadi. Yes! We must write an English exercise!
Hadi:Oh, Raka!
Raka:Look - this is the exercise.
Hadi:Yes. I remember now.
Mrs. Wira:Well, you'd better start your homework now.
Hadi:Yes .... Oh, I don't have any paper.
Mrs. Wira:Here's some paper. Do you have a pen?
Hadi:Yes. Oh, my pen is out of ink, and I don't have any spare pens.
Mrs. Wira:Oh, dear! Raka, do you have a spare pen?
Raka:Yes, Mrs. Wira.
Mrs. Wira:Good. Please lend it to Hadi.
Raka:Here you are, Hadi.
Hadi:Thank you.
Mrs. Wira:Now, Hadi, you have some paper and a pen. Now you can write that exercise.
Hadi:There! That's finished now.
Mrs. Wira:Let me see it, Hadi. Hmmm, you have some mistakes here, I think.
Hadi:Do I? Where?
Mrs. Wira:Look at this sentence. That isn't correct. Can you improve it?
Hadi:Oh, yes! I remember the correct words now. I must change that sentence.
Mrs. Wira:Let me see your exercise, Raka.
Raka:Oh, Mrs. Wira, I think I have some mistakes too.
Mrs. Wira:No, no, Raka. This is very good. You don't have any mistakes in this exercise.
Hadi:Raka usually doesn't make any mistakes. But I always make some. Please look at this sentence again, Mom. Is it correct now?
Mrs. Wira:Yes, I think so, Hadi. I don't see any mistakes now.
Hadi:Good!
Mrs. Wira:Well, would you like something to drink now?
Hadi and Raka:Yes,please.
Mrs. Wira:Good. Let's have some lemonade. .... Oh, I don't have any lemonade, but we can have some tea!
B. Explanation
  1. "Some" is used in positive sentences. Examples:
    1. I'm going to buy some books.
    2. There's some ice in the fridge.
    3. We did some exercises.
  2. "Any" is used in negative sentences. Examples:
    1. I'm not going to buy any books.
    2. There isn't any ice in the fridge.
    3. We didn't do any exercises.
  3. Most questions (but not all) use "any". Examples:
    1. Is there any ice in the fridge?
    2. Do you have any money?
    3. Why didn't you do any exercises?
  4. When we make offers or requests, we normally use "some", not "any". Examples:
    1. Would you like some ice cream?
    2. Can I have some coffee, please?
    3. Can you lend me some money?
  5. We can use "some" and "any" without a noun. Examples:
    1. I didn't take any photographs, but Ann took some. (=some photographs)
    2. I've just made some coffee. Would you like some? (=some coffee)
    3. We don't have any sugar. I'm going to buy some this afternoon. (=some sugar)
To check your understanding about the difference between "some" and "any", proceed to the exercise page HERE.
Reference:
  • Murphy, Raymond Essential Grammar In Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • March 28, 2021

    How to Make and Respond to an Offer

    Making an Offer
    I
    n our daily life, there are occassions where we feel that we should offer help, a service, or something to friends, work colleagues, or other people in order to be polite, kind and friendly. We do that for a social purpose, to maintain and improve good relationships with people around us. Offering help or something can be a great way to show them that we care and appreciate them. Now, if you’re not sure what to say when you want to make an offer in English, don’t worry. Below you’ll find common expressions you can use in making and responding to an offer.
    A. Making an Offer
    How to make an offer
    GambitsExample Sentence
    Shall I ...?
  • Shall I close the door?
  • Shall I turn on the lights?
  • Can I ...?
  • Can I help you?
  • Can I show you how to do it?
  • Would you like ...?
  • Would you like some tea?
  • Would you like a cup of coffee?
  • Would you like me to carry it?
  • How about ...?
  • How about some tea?
  • How about going to the beach?
  • What about ...?
  • What about some drink?
  • What about going to the beach?
  • Do you want me to ...?
  • Do you want me to carry it?
  • Do you want me to type it?
  • I'll ..., if you like.
  • I'll do it, if you like.
  • I'll make you some tea, if you like.
  • Also read "Offering and Asking for a Favor or Help" HERE

    Making an offer is different from giving advice and suggestion. Learn "Asking For, Giving, and Responding to Advice and Suggestions" HERE
    B. Responding to an Offer
    To accept or refuse an offer, you can use one of the following expressions.
    How to respond to an offer
    Accepting an OfferRefusing an Offer
  • Yes please.
  • Yes please. That's very kind of you.
  • Yes please, that would be lovely.
  • Yes please, that would be great.
  • Yes please, I’d love one.
  • If you wouldn’t mind.
  • If you could.
  • Thank you. I'd appreciate that.
  • No, thanks.
  • No, thank you.
  • It’s OK. I'll do it.
  • Don't worry. I can do it myself.
  • C. Example Dialogue
    Read and practice the dialogue between two friends, which contains offers and responses to offers, below.
    English Dialogue: Making and Responding to Offers
    Andy:Good afternoon, Anne.
    Anne:Good afternoon, Andy. How are you?
    Andy:I'm very well, thank you, Anne. How are you?
    Anne:I'm well, thank you. I'm glad that you feel well again.
    Andy:Yes, I don't have a cold now. My head isn't aching, and I'm not coughing, and I'm not sneezing.
    Anne:That's wonderful! Andy, afternoon tea is ready now. Would you like some tea?
    Andy:Oh yes, please, Anne.
    Anne:Would you like to sit here, Andy?
    Andy:Yes. Aah, this chair feels comfortable.
    Anne:Here's your tea.
    Andy:Thank you.
    Anne:Would you like some sugar, Andy?
    Andy:Yes, please Anne.
    Anne:I think your tea is very strong. Is it too strong?
    Andy:No, no, Anne. It's very good. I don't like weak tea. I like strong tea.
    Anne:Oh, I don't. I like weak tea. Would you like a biscuit, Andy? Or a piece of cake?
    Andy:I'd like some cake, please, Anne. Mmmmmm, it's lovely!
    Anne:Is it good? It's home-made.
    Andy:Really? Oh, you're a very good cook, Anne. Do you often make cakes?
    Anne:Yes, I do. Oh, but your cup is empty now. Would you like some more tea, Andy?
    Andy:No, thank you, Anne. But I have a cigarette here. I think I'll have a cigarette. Would you mind if I smoked?
    Anne:Not at all, Andy. Please do. But I think you should stop your smoking habit.
    Andy:Oh dear, where's my lighter? I can't find it.
    Anne:There it is, under the chair. You may have dropped it.
    Andy:Oh thank you, Anne.
    Anne:Where's Linda today? Is she at home?
    Andy:No, she isn't, Anne. She's visiting some friends.
    Anne:Oh, but she has a cold! She should stay at home.
    Andy:No, she doesn't have a cold now. She's well again.
    Anne:That's good.
    Andy:Yes, it's good. When she's sick, I make tea for her - and I always do something wrong!
    Anne:Oh, poor Andy. But now she's well, and she makes tea for you.
    Andy:Yes.
    Anne:Well, I hope you don't get another cold!
    Andy:Yes, I hope so.
    Anne:I'm sure you catch colds because you smoke much. Smoking decreases your immune system.
    Andy:You're right. I've read about that too.
    Anne:So, why don't you try to quit smoking and start living a healthy life?
    Andy:I'm thinking about it. Linda doesn't like my smoking either.
    Anne:I bet.
    "Would you like" is different from "Do you like". Learn the difference HERE

    D. Exercise
    1. Read the above dialogue again and identify all offers and the responses you can find, then write them in the table below. Number 1 has been done as an example.
    2. Identify all offers and the responses you can find in the dialogue and write them.
      OfferingResponding to an offer
      Example:
      1. Would you like some tea?

      Oh yes, please.
      2. ........
      3. ........
      4. ........
      5. ........
      ........
      ........
    3. Write polite offers using the expressions and gambits you have learned. Look at the example.
      1. Some bread?
        Answer: Would you like some bread?
      2. go to the beach?
        Answer: How about going to the beach? / Would you like to go to the beach?
      3. try our new dish?
      4. some candies?
      5. use my umbrella?
      6. give you a lift?
      7. try to repair your printer?
    4. Write an appropriate polite response for each of the following situations.
      1. Your teacher is carrying a pile of books. You offer to help her with it.
      2. Your colleague is printing a very important document. Suddenly, her printer broke down. You offer her to print the document using your printer.
      3. You are receiving a call from someone who wants to speak to your manager, but your manager is not available. You offer him/her to leave a message or call back later.
      4. The commuter train is full when an elderly woman gets on and she can't find a seat. You offer your seat to her.
      5. You are a shop assistant at a fashion store. You are serving a customer who does not seem satisfied with the dress she has just tried on. You offer another style of dress.
    Also read:

    March 13, 2021

    Complaining: Dialogues And Exercises

    Complaining Dialogues And Exercises
    C
    omplaints can be found in work situations, especially in a job which deals with servicing and meeting a lot of people on a daily basis. Here are some contextual example dialogues about complaints and how to handle them in various situations. Practice them and do the exercise.
    What expressions do you use in handling complaints? Read HERE
    How do you express your satisfaction or dissatisfaction? Read HERE
    Dialogue 1
    Woman:Good afternoon, can I help you?
    Man:I hope so. I bought this television here about three months ago, but the sound and picture quality are awful. The picture is always flickering and there's a dark line down the left-hand side of the screen. And there's an annoying hissing sound in the background.
    Woman:Do you have an outside aerial?
    Man:Yes, I do.
    Woman:Have you tried adjusting the aerial?
    Man:Several times.
    Woman:Hmmmmm. I'll get our engineers to have a look at it.
    Man:A friend of mine bought the same model here and had exactly the same problems. I want a refund.
    Woman:I'm afraid it isn't our policy to give refunds, sir.
    Man:I want to see the manager.
    Answer the following questions based on the above text.
    1. Where does the dialogue most probably take place?
    2. What is the man complaining about?
    3. What is the most probable relationship between the man and the woman?
    4. What did the man buy?
    5. When did he buy it?
    6. What is the problem with it?
    7. What solution does the woman offer?
    8. Does the man agree with her solution?
    9. What does he want?
    10. What will most probably happen after the conversation?
    Dialogue 2
    Assistant:Good morning, can I help you?
    Customer:I'd like to make a complaint about my holiday in Portugal last week.
    Assistant:I'm sorry to hear that. What exactly was the problem?
    Customer:First of all the coach taking us to the hotel broke down and we had to wait for over two hours in the sweltering heat before a replacement arrived. Then when we got to the hotel we found our room hadn't been cleaned.
    Assistant:Oh dear, did you complain to the hotel staff?
    Customer:Of course, but we were told all the chambermaids were off duty. Anyway, that's not all. The people in the room above sounded like they were having all-night parties, every night. I demanded another room but the receptionist told me the hotel was full.
    Assistant:Oh, I see.
    Customer:And to cap it all the food in the hotel restaurant was awful. It was so bad we had to eat out all the time despite having paid for meals in the price of our holiday.
    Assistant:I do apologise. I'd like to offer you a 20% discount on the price of one of our Autumn breaks as a gesture of goodwill.
    Customer:A 20% discount, you must be joking. I want to see the manager.
    Answer the following questions based on the above text.
    1. Where does the conversation most probably take place?
    2. What is the customer complaining about?
    3. What happened with the coach taking the customer to the hotel?
    4. How long did they have to wait?
    5. How was the weather at that time?
    6. What did they find when they arrived at the hotel?
    7. Did the customer complain to the hotel?
    8. What did the hotel say?
    9. Why did the customer want another room?
    10. What did the customer think about the hotel restaurant?
    11. Where did he decide to eat during his stay at the hotel?
    12. What would the assistant like to offer as an apology?
    13. Does the customer agree with the offer?
    14. What would the customer like to do?
    15. If you were the travel agency manager, what would you do in this situation?
    Dialogue 3
    Mary:“It’s certainly very busy here today, isn’t it?”
    Julia:“Yes, and there aren’t enough salesgirls. We’ve been standing here for at least five minutes!”
    Mary:“Quick. Catch that salesgirl’s eye! She’s just finishing with a costumer.”
    Julia:“Miss! Miss! Excuse me. I think I’m next and I haven’t very much time.”
    Salesgirl:“Yes, madam. How can I help you?"
    Julia:“I’m afraid I have a complaint. It’s this pullover. I’m disappointed with the quality. I’ve only had it for two months and it’s already worn out.”
    Salesgirl:“Worn out? May I see it?”
    Julia:“Yes, here you are. Look at the sleeves. They’re the worst part. Do you see? They’ve worn very badly.”
    Salesgirl:“And how long do you say you’ve had it?”
    Julia:“For only two months. Look, here’s the receipt.”
    Salesgirl:““Thank you. This is very strange. We’ve been selling this particular make for years and we haven’t had any complaints in all that time.”
    Julia:“Well, I’m sorry. I’m sure it isn’t my fault. It’s already worn out.”
    Salesgirl:“One moment, please. Let me call the manager. Mr. Simons! Mr. Simons!”
    Mr. Simons:“Yes?”
    Salesgirl:“It’s this lady. She’s had this pullover for two months and it’s already worn out.”
    Mr. Simons:“Really? Let me see, please. Hmm…yes…”
    Julia:“I’ve been wearing in at the week-ends; that’s all.”
    Mr. Simons:“Yes, well ... make out a credit slip for the lady, would you, Miss Smith?”
    Julia:“A credit slip?”
    Mr. Simons:“Yes. You can buy anything you like with it in the store.”
    Julia:“I’d rather have my money back, if you don’t mind.”
    Mr. Simons:“I see. Well, I suppose we can arrange that.”
    Julia:“Thank you.”
    (Adapted from Kernel Lessons Intermediate; Students’ Book)
    Correct the following statements. They have been quoted wrongly from the above text.
    1. There are not many people in the shop today.
    2. Julia has a lot of time.
    3. She has been standing there for an hour.
    4. She has had the sweater for a year.
    5. The shop hasn’t been selling that particular make for long.
    6. The shop has had many complaints for the product.
    7. The pullover has worn very badly on the chest.
    8. The manager refuses to accept the sweater back.
    9. Julia has been wearing the sweater at work.
    10. Julia wants a credit slip for the sweater.

    February 04, 2021

    Giving Advice - Video Material And Exercise

    W
    e have learnt about how to ask for and give advice and suggestions on Asking For, Giving, and Responding to Advice and Suggestions. Now, let's practice more about asking for and giving advice through a dialogue in a video material. After watching the video, test your understanding by answering the questions in the exercise below.



    EXERCISE

    I. Answer the following questions by choosing the correct answer; A, B, C, or D.
    1. Where does the conversation most probably take place?
      1. In a classroom
      2. In an office
      3. In a car showroom
      4. In a shopping mall
    2. What relationship do the speakers most likely have?
      1. A teacher and a student
      2. Families
      3. An assistant and a customer
      4. Co-workers
    3. What is the topic of the dialogue?
      1. Advice on buying a new car
      2. Advice on selling Minydy's car
      3. Suggestions on how to buy a new car
      4. Tips on selling and buying a car
    4. What is Mindy planning to do?
      1. Rent a new car
      2. Buy a new car
      3. Repair her car
      4. Sell her car
    5. What happens with Mindy's car?
      1. She just feels bored with her car.
      2. It is not economical and too large.
      3. It often breaks down due to its age.
      4. It has become totally unrepairable.
    6. Which term best describes the car that Windy needs in terms of price?
      1. Expensive
      2. Fashionable
      3. Classical
      4. Inexpensive
    7. How often does Windy drive?
      1. Every day
      2. Only on the weekends
      3. Seldom
      4. Three times a week
    8. What kind of car does Toni suggest Mindy buy?
      1. A sophisticated one
      2. A cheap large new car
      3. An imported small car
      4. A small compact one
    9. What will Mindy probably do after the conversation?
      1. Sell her old car immediately
      2. Check the new model
      3. Reject Toni's advice
      4. Repair her broken car
    10. Why does Toni ask Mindy a few questions before giving advice?
      1. He actually feels as confused as Mindy.
      2. He does not even think Mindy needs a new car.
      3. He needs much time to think of the best solution.
      4. He wants to know what car suits Mindy's needs.
    II. Based on the dialogue, state whether the following sentences are TRUE or FALSE.
    1. Toni and Mindi were having a business meeting in their office.
    2. Toni said, "Do you mind if I ask you for some advice?"
    3. Mindy needs advice because she isn't sure about which car to buy.
    4. Mindy's car often breaks down because it's too old.
    5. Toni was busy so he refused to give Mindy advice.
    6. Mindy's car breaks down due to a traffic accident.
    7. Mindy drives her car every day.
    8. Mindy usually goes to the gym three times in a week.
    9. Toni usually goes shopping with Mindy on the weekend.
    10. Toni thinks that a small compact car will be the right choice for Mindy.
    Video source:
    Small Talk | Making Small Talk | Everyday English, YouTube, uploaded by Learn English by Pocket Passport, Dec 21, 2019, https://youtu.be/dEMXThjVxRg

    January 30, 2021

    Making Small Talk - Video Material And Exercise

    L
    et's imagine you have just arrived at your office and are ready to start your shift. You meet your colleague of the previous shift whom you are going to replace. What would you say to be polite? Let's imagine again you are sitting in a waiting room, next to a stranger. How would you start conversation in order to break the uncomfortable and awkward silence?

    Yes, you need small talk.

    What is small talk?

    To be short, small talk refers to "basa-basi" in Bahasa Indonesia. It is a social conversation about unimportant and uncontroversial matters, which helps manage interpersonal distance and define the relationships between friends, colleagues, and new acquaintances.

    We make small talk when we want to avoid uncomfortable silence and talk to someone we have never met before, or a colleague in order to appear polite and friendly and create a positive interaction. Small talk serves many social functions, such as conversation opener, conversation closing, and silence filler.

    Small talk topics should be universal, positive, and situational to enable the conversation to flow naturally. Common small talk topics may range from the weather, sports, entertainment, introduction, occupation, and common interests.

    To help you with clearer and more practical understanding of small talk, watch the video below and do the following exercise.

    Answer the following questions by choosing the correct answer; A, B, C, or D.
    1. How did the man start the conversation?
      1. By asking the woman's name and nationality
      2. By asking the woman's favorite weather
      3. By creating small talk about the weather
      4. By telling the woman about his hard day
    2. What did the woman think about the weather?
      1. It was a sign that summer had started.
      2. The weather had been oficially forecast.
      3. The officials said that summer was hot.
      4. It didn't look like summer had started.
    3. What did the man say he wanted to buy?
      1. Sun glasses
      2. Sun roof
      3. Some blocks
      4. Sun block
    4. The man said, "My name is John, by the way."
      From the dialogue, we may conclude that the phrase "by the way" can be used to ....
      1. clarify that an information may have been wrongly perceived
      2. introduce a topic not directly connected with the previous subject
      3. confirm a very important information in an informal conversation
      4. ask about a very casual topic in a formal or non-formal conversation
    5. How did they greet each other in their introduction?
      1. Nice to miss you.
      2. Nights to meet you.
      3. Nice to me, too.
      4. Nice to meet you.
    6. What do we know about the woman's origin?
      1. She lives around the area.
      2. They both live in Hokkaido.
      3. She will move to Hokkaido.
      4. She is from an Asian country.
    7. What did she say about the weather in Hokkaido?
      1. It's warmer in Hokkaido.
      2. It's much colder in Hokkaido.
      3. Hokkaido is not as cold as that.
      4. Hokkaido is colder than before.
    8. What did the man say about the weather in his hometown?
      1. It has a little rain.
      2. It's very windy.
      3. It's hotter when it rains.
      4. It often rains.
    9. The man said, "I'm not used to these summer temperatures."
      What did he imply?
      1. He usually lived in a much colder place.
      2. He cannot do many activities in summer.
      3. The temperature in summer is usual.
      4. He likes summer temperatures more.
    10. What does the woman like to do in summer?
      1. She likes running into the sea.
      2. She likes to take her dog for jogging.
      3. She likes to spend time at the beach.
      4. She usually allows her dog to go out.
    11. What does the man usually do in his hometown during summer?
      1. If it's sunny, he meets up with his friends in a bar.
      2. He spends time sunbathing in a parking lot.
      3. He travels around London to see nice parks.
      4. He often has picnic in the park on sunny days.
    12. Has the woman been to London before?
      1. Yes, she has.
      2. Yes, to visit museums.
      3. No, never.
      4. No, she doesn't want to.
    13. What did the woman want to visit in London?
      1. The beach
      2. The park
      3. The museums
      4. The football game
    14. According to the man, what do the people in his hometown mostly do at the weekend?
      1. They play football with their team.
      2. They play football video games.
      3. They go to their favorite teams.
      4. They watch football games.
    15. Why did the woman relate to "baseball" in the conversation?
      1. To tell which Japanese baseball teams are popular
      2. To describe her favorite sports when she is in Japan
      3. To imply that both games are super popular in Japan
      4. To give information about equally popular sports
    16. In chronological order, the topic of the conversation can be defined as ....
      1. the weather, place of origin, sports, summer activities
      2. the weather, place of origin, summer activities, sports
      3. the weather, place of origin, names, favorite sports
      4. the season, names, activities, personal sports
    17. Based on the dialogue, which of the following statements is FALSE?
      1. The speakers have never met before.
      2. The speakers are probably tourists.
      3. They come from different countries.
      4. They both have the same preference.
    18. What do you think the speakers are most probably doing?
      1. They are making a business trip.
      2. They are meeting new colleagues
      3. They are studying about the weather.
      4. They are enjoying their vacation.
    19. Which of the following topics is best to continue the conversation?
      1. The beaches in London
      2. Favorite sports
      3. Religions
      4. Political view
    20. Which of the following is NOT true about "small talk"?
      1. It is a polite way to start a conversation.
      2. It is mostly about uncontroversial matters.
      3. The topic is often popular and unimportant.
      4. It is effective in political and job interviews.
    Video source:
    Small Talk | Making Small Talk | Everyday English, YouTube, uploaded by Learn English by Pocket Passport, Jul 6, 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVzLd304keA
    For more resources on small talk, you can refer to the following pages:

    October 06, 2020

    English Dialogue With Demonstrative Pronouns: Talking About Pictures

    Hadi:I have these pictures of Indonesia, Margaret. Do you want to look at them?
    Margaret:Oh, I like to look at pictures of other countries, Hadi - and I want to learn about Indonesia. Let me see them! ....
    Oh, that's an interesting photo. Those are musicians!
    Hadi:Yes.
    Margaret:But Indonesian musical instruments are different from Australian musical instruments.
    Hadi:These are special instruments, Margaret. This is a gamelan orchestra. You see, this instrument has strings. This is a drum, and these are gongs.
    Margaret:Is that a guitar?
    Hadi:No, it isn't. Do you like guitars, Margaret?
    Margaret:Yes, I do. A guitar is a useful instrument. If you play a guitar, you don't need other instruments. You can play songs, and people can sing. ....
    Oh, look at this photo, Hadi. What are these girls doing?
    Hadi:They're dancing. That's a special Balinese dance.
    Margaret:They're wearing pretty costumes. And is this a gamelan orchestra, too?
    Hadi:Yes, that's right.
    Margaret:Is that dance difficult to learn?
    Hadi:Oh yes. These girls start learning when they're very young. Now look at this, Margaret.
    Margaret:Oh, that's a nice photo, Hadi!
    Hadi:Yes, that's a rice-field. We grow a lot of rice in Indonesia. Rice grows well there.
    Margaret:But what beautiful scenery! Rice-fields, trees, mountains. I think this photo is the prettiest!
    Hadi:Would you like to have it, Margaret?
    Margaret:Are you giving it to me?
    Hadi:Yes.
    Margaret:Oh, thank you very much, Hadi! It's lovely!
    EXERCISE
    I. Answer the following questions based on the above conversation.
    Talking About Pictures
    1. What is the conversation about?
    2. What pictures does Hadi show Margaret?
    3. In your opinion, what makes Margaret interested in the pictures?
    4. What does Margaret say about Indonesian musical instruments?
    5. What does Margaret think about guitars? Why?
    6. What are the girls in the picture doing?
    7. What does Margaret think about their costumes?
    8. Which picture does Margaret like best?
    9. What does Hadi do with the picture?
    10. Rewrite the above dialogue in your book and underline the demonstrative pronouns; this, that, these, those.
    II. Complete the following sentences with "this/that" or "these/those".
    1. ... is a flower.
    2. ... is an office.
    3. ... are fingers.
    4. This is ... water.
    5. ... are exercises.
    6. ... animals eat grass.
    7. ... boy is playing football.
    8. ... is a library.
    9. ... is coffee.
    10. ... is an island.
    11. ... are university students.
    12. ... girl has been here for an hour.
    13. ... is a hotel.
    14. ... aeroplane is flying above the sea.
    15. Most farmers in ... country grow rice.
    III. Write sentences with "this/that" or "these/those" using the nouns provided. Number 1 has been done as an example.
    1. a book
      This is a book.
    2. racing cars
      ....
    3. pure honey
      ....
    4. doctors and nurses
      ....
    5. my aquarium
      ....
    6. a traditional game
      ....
    7. kites
      ....
    8. old coins
      ....
    9. boats
      ....
    10. a picture of my family
      ....
    Prev: BSE SMK Kelas XI, 062411 0747PM PV2288

    September 16, 2020

    Giving And Receiving Compliments

    Giving And Receiving Compliments
    I
    n our daily social life, we often express our admiration, satisfaction, or happiness for someone's achievement or work by giving compliments. The purpose is to show them that we care and are happy for them with what they have done or achieved.

    These are examples of compliments and the responses:

    ComplimentsResponses
    What a fantastic performance!Thanks. I'm happy that everything worked well.
    You look gorgeous!Thank you very much.
    You're looking glamorous.Thanks.
    How adorable that is!Thank you for your compliment.
    Well done! You are the best.Thank you.
    I like your new haircut.Thanks. I'm glad you like it.
    That's a nice shirt!Thanks. It's a gift from my friend in Indonesia.
    How elegant you look.That's very nice of you. Thanks.
    My compliments on your great work.Thanks. I'm just doing my job.
    Wow! You’re very clever.Thank you.
    What a great picture! You should be proud of yourself.Thanks. Glad you like it.
    From the examples above, we can see that compliments and admiration can be expressed with:
    • That’s a nice ...(noun)....
    • What a great ...(noun)...!
    • How ...(adjective/adverb)...!
    • You look ...(adjective)....
    • I like your ...(noun)...!
    • I must express my admiration for your ...(noun)....
    • You're really ...(adjective)....
    To respond, we can use thanking expressions, such as:
    • Thank you for your compliment.
    • That's nice of you.
    • I am glad you like it.
    EXERCISE
    A. Please complete the dialogues below using your own words.
    Dialogue 1:
    Hari:What a nice bike you have, Panca.
    Panca:...(1).... It was a present from my Dad on my birthday two years ago.
    Hari:...(2).... That kind of bike is very expensive now.
    Panca:Yes, it is. It's because cycling is becoming very popular now.
    Hari:You're right. Bikes are sold out in many places.
    Dialogue 2:
    Gani:I saw your performance in the English speech contest yesterday. ...(3)....
    Salma:...(4).... I practiced hard to prepare for it.
    Gani:It was paid off. You certainly impressed the juries.
    Salma:I hope so. Thank God everything went well.
    Dialogue 3:
    Tom:I like your new shoes.
    Dio:...(5)....
    Tom:They look very expensive. Where did you buy them?
    Dio:Well, not really. I bought them at a home industry near my house.
    Tom:...(6).... They look like branded products.
    Dio:Well, when it comes to quality, I'm not a brandminded person.
    Tom:I agree with you. Home industry products often come up with the same quality as that of branded ones, sometimes even better.
    Dialogue 4:
    Mita:Hi, Ayu. You look ...(7)... tonight.
    Ayu:...(8).... You, too.
    Mita:I've never seen you wearing that Batik dress. Is that new?
    Ayu:Well, my Mom had it made at a tailor's for me last month.
    Mita:Oh, did she? I think your mom is quite fashionable.
    Ayu:Yes, she really is.
    Dialogue 5:
    Risa:Hi, Linda. How are things with you?
    Linda:Never better, thanks. And you?
    Risa:I'm fine, thanks. I heard that your proposal for our next program has been approved. Congratulations.
    Linda:It has. Thanks.
    Risa:I think our manager should thank you for such a great idea in marketing. You're a genius.
    Linda:...(9).... It's all based on my experience in marketing that kind of product for years.
    Risa:...(10)....
    Linda:Well, stop complimenting me. I need everybody's support in order to make it work.
    Risa:You can count on me.
    B. Express your compliment in each of the following situations.
    1. You compliment your friend on his/her new hair style.
    2. Your friend is wearing a fancy gown.
    3. Your colleague has been promoted for his hard work.
    4. Your friend has received a flying grade in a TOEIC test.
    5. Your brother has received a photography award.
    6. Your friend's office has been rearranged and it's now very comfortable..
    7. Your father has bought you a new mobile phone.
    8. Your cousin has gone on a diet and now she is slimmer.
    9. Your motorcycle wouldn't start until a friend came and helped you.
    10. Your best friend has won an English speech contest.
    Picture source: https://www.wikihow.com/Compliment-People

    July 19, 2020

    English Dialogue With Passive Voice: Meeting Friends At The Airport

    J
    im and Betty have come to the airport to meet their friends, Nancy and Tom, who are returning from a holiday in Indonesia. The plane has just arrived.
    Betty:Oh, Jim, isn't it exciting!
    Jim:Yes, it is. Can you see Nancy and Tom?
    Betty:No, not yet.
    Jim:Look, Betty, the stairs are being pushed towards the plane!
    Betty:Yes, they're being put near the door of the plane. Oh, now the door is being opened. Oh, another door is being opened! What is that door for?
    Jim:The passengers' luggage is taken out of that door.
    Betty:I see. Oh, now the passengers are being allowed to come out of the plane! But I can't see Nancy and Tom yet.
    Jim:Never mind. Perhaps they've been sitting at the back of the plane. They're probably being delayed by all the other passengers in front of them.
    Betty:Look behind you, Jim! What a lot of people are waving handkerchiefs! They're recognising their friends.
    Jim:My handkerchief is ready. I'll wave it as soon as I see Nancy and Tom.
    Betty:Oh bother! Mine is in my bag. Jim, there's Nancy.
    Jim:And there's Tom!
    Betty:They haven't seen us yet.
    Jim:I suppose our handkerchiefs can't be seen among all these other ones.
    Betty:Oh, Jim, the passengers aren't being allowed to come and say "hello" to their friends. They're being taken into that room over there!
    Jim:Yes, Betty. That's the Customs room. Their luggage must be examined by the Customs officials before they're allowed to talk to their friends.
    Betty:Look, Nancy has seen us! She's waving to us.
    Jim:So is Tom.
    Betty:Hello, Nancy!
    Jim:Tom! Hello!
    Betty:Oh, we can't be heard - there's too much noise! How long before we'll be able to talk to them?
    Jim:Oh, people are never kept very long by the Customs officials. After their luggage is examined, they'll be able to talk to us.
    Betty:But while their luggage is being examined, we aren't allowed to go into the Customs room.
    Jim:No, nobody is allowed to go into the Customs room to speak to the passengers. Let's go and wait near the door.
    Betty:Oh yes! I can hardly wait to be told all about their holiday in Indonesia.
    Meeting Friends At The Airport
    Answer the following questions.
    1. Where does the conversation take place?
    2. What are Jim and Betty doing there?
    3. Where have Nancy and Tom been?
    4. What will Jim do with his handkerchief?
    5. Where's Betty's handkerchief?
    6. Can the passengers come and say 'hello' to their friends after they come out of the plane?
    7. Where are the passengers being taken?
    8. When will Jim and Betty be able to talk to their friends?
    9. Where will they wait for their friends?
    10. Please copy all the sentences with "passive present continuous" and underline the verbs.
    7/27/11, 11:34 PM, PV 2353
    Family vector created by pch.vector - www.freepik.com

    June 29, 2020

    English Dialogue And Exercise: SO VS NEITHER

    I
    t's Saturday evening. Jim and Betty have been working in the garden all day. They're sitting in the living room after dinner.
    Jim:I've worked so hard today, Betty!
    Betty:So have I, Jim! I haven't even read this morning's paper.
    Jim:Neither have I! Where is it?
    Betty:Oh, I think it's on top of refrigerator in the kitchen. Would you mind getting it, Jim? I'm too tired to move.
    Jim:I don't really want to read it.
    Betty:Well, neither do I. You know, my back is quite sore.
    Jim:So is mine. I planted a lot of young plants this afternoon.
    Betty:I didn't stop working all the afternoon.
    Jim:Neither did I. And by three o'clock my back was aching!
    Betty:So was mine. I wasn't able to stand up straight for quite a while afterwards.
    Jim:Neither was I. My whole body feels sore.
    Betty:So does mine. I shan't plant any more young plants for a while.
    Jim:Neither shall I. I'd like to rest for hours now.
    Betty:Jim, you shouldn't work so hard in the garden in future.
    Jim:Neither should you. But we both like to have flowers in the house. At any rate, I like to see flowers in the house.
    Betty:Oh, so do I, Jim. But we can't afford to buy flowers all the time. ... Oh, well, perhaps we'll feel better tomorrow.
    Jim:Perhaps! What are we going to do tomorrow, Betty?
    Betty:If it's fine, I wouldn't mind going for a drive in the car.
    Jim:Neither would I. Let's ask Hadi and Yati to go for a drive with us. Hadi likes going for a drive.
    Betty:So does Yati. She'll enjoy a drive in the country.
    Jim:They're both fond of the country.
    Betty:We can take a picnic lunch, and perhaps we could go to National Park. I'd like that.
    Jim:So would I. Hadi has been there, hasn't he?
    Betty:Yes, and so has Yati. But I don't mind how often I go there.
    Jim:Neither do I. It's a very pleasant place, with all those lovely trees.
    Betty:Oh, I'm looking forward to it! My back feels better already.
    Jim:So does mine. I'll go and phone Hadi immediately.
    Betty:And when you've phoned Hadi, I'll phone Yati. Tell Hadi we'll call for him at half past nine tomorrow morning.
    Jim:All right, Betty.
    Betty:I'll get the newspaper. I'll need it while you're talking to Hadi.
    EXERCISE
    A. Answer the following questions.
    English Dialogue With SO And NEITHER
    1. Have Jim and Betty worked hard today, or have they been idle?
    2. Have they read the newspaper?
    3. Where is the newspaper?
    4. Why wouldn't Jim or Betty get the newspaper?
    5. How did their back feel?
    6. What did they do in the garden?
    7. What are they going to do tomorrow?
    8. Who is Jim going to call?
    9. Who is Betty going to call?
    10. Do Hadi and Yati like going for a drive?
    11. Where will they go?
    12. Are they going to eat in a restaurant or are they going to take a picnic lunch?
    13. What time will Jim and Betty pick Hadi up tomorrow morning?
    14. What will Betty do while Jim is talking to Hadi?
    15. Please copy the dialogue and underline all the phrases/sentences with "so" and "neither".
    B. Complete the following sentences using "so" or "neither".
    1. Adi: I like mangoes.
      Jaka: ... do I.
    2. Hendra: Santi doesn't live near here.
      Udin: ... does Tari.
    3. Kiki: I haven't had lunch. I'm so hungry.
      Ovin: ... have I.
    4. Tasya: I didn't understand what he was saying.
      Dena: ... did I. I think he spoke too fast.
    5. Rio: My office has applied new policies as a response to Covid-19 outbreak.
      Lily: ... has mine.
    6. Yudi: I couldn't go out of town due to the travel restriction.
      Gita: ... I.
    7. Maya: My father works in a private company.
      Elsa: ... my father. He often has to work on Sundays.
    8. Dea: Ahmad didn't attend the meeting yesterday.
      Joni: ... did Hans, his supervisor.
    9. Umi: Many students aren't prepared for online learning during the pandemic.
      Tika: ... are teachers. Most of them are still adapting to new technologies.
    10. Yana: Eating nutritious food is very important in maintaining our health.
      Sita: ... is having regular exercise. A little exercise every day can help us stay healthy.
    BSE SMK, 061811 10:34 AM, 2438