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Showing posts with label Report Text. Show all posts

August 16, 2021

Factual Reports About Covid-19

Reading text 1

Covid in Indonesia

Covid-19 Covid-19 or Coronavirus Disease-2019 is an infectious disease caused by a new virus called SARS-Cov-2. This disease was first identified in Wuhan, China, in the end of 2019. The virus widely spread over many countries and then in March 2020, WHO declared Covid-19 a pandemic.

This disease attacks respiratory system. Covid-19 also makes infected people experience several symptoms. The common symptoms are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Some also experience aches, sore throat, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, headache, and loss of taste or smell. More serious symptoms are shortness of breath, chest pain, and loss of speech. However, there are many who do not experience symptoms.

It takes about 5-6 days for the symptoms to show. However, the incubation period takes 14 days. People who have mild to moderate illness may recover without hospitalization. Meanwhile, those who experience serious symptoms have to seek medical attention. The virus spreads through droplets when infected people sneeze or cough. Therefore, WHO recommends us to prevent infection by wearing a mask, washing hands regularly with soap and water, avoiding touching the face, covering our mouth and nose while sneezing or coughing, staying at home, and practicing physical distancing.

Questions A:
  1. What does "COVID-19" stand for?
  2. When and where was the disease first identified?
  3. What are the common symptoms of the disease?
  4. What happens in more serious cases?
  5. How long does it take for the symptoms to show?
  6. How long is the common incubation period?
  7. How does the virus spread?
  8. How can we prevent the disease according to WHO?

Reading text 2


Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered virus namely SARS-Cov-2. This virus first appeared in Wuhan, China and eventually spread into many countries, including Indonesia.

In Indonesia, the first case of Covid-19 was reported on March 2, 2020. After WHO declaring Covid-19 a pandemic, activities such as working and studying have been done in homes.

However, the number of novel coronavirus cases kept growing. By the end of March 2020, the total case of the disease had reached 1528 cases. To respond to this pandemic, UNICEF has been leading efforts with governments, the World Health Organization and other partners.

The President also issued regulations regarding the pandemic, including Government Regulation No. 21/2020 which regulates a large-scale social restriction (PSBB, now PPKM) and has been implemented in coordination and collaboration with various parties, in accordance with statutory provisions.

Questions B:
  1. According to the text, what virus causes Covid-19?
  2. When was the first case of Covid-19 identified in Indonesia?
  3. How many cases had been identified by the end of March 2020?
  4. What did United Nations' organizations do to deal with the pandemic?
  5. What did the President do to respond to the pandemic?
  6. What is Government Regulation No. 21/2020 about?
Adapted from

November 06, 2011

Report Text: Komodo Dragon - Varanus Komodoensis

Basic Competence for SMK:1.3. Describing things, people, characteristics, time, day, month, and year.
3.1. Understanding and retelling monologs in a certain job situation.

Komodo Dragon (Varanus Komodoensis)

Report Text - Komodo Dragon (Varanus Komodoensis)The Komodo dragon or the Komodo monitor (Varanus Komodoensis) is a giant monitor lizard found in Komodo island, a small semi-arid island located between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. The prehistoric animal can also be found in several other nearby islands including Rinca island in the Indonesian archipelago.

The Komodo dragon, which is called "Ora" by the local people, is considered the largest lizard and the last of their kind remaining in the world today. It can grow up to 3 to 4 meters in length and run at the speed of up to 24 kilometers per hour.

The Komodo dragons use their forked tongue to sample the air for scents. Their eyesight is good for distinguishing movement and color as far away as 300 metres (980 ft) except in low light. Despite their visible earholes, they are only able to hear sounds between 400hz up to 2000 Hz. The giant monitor lizards, whose ancestors roamed the earth half a million years ago, are characterized by their short legs with large talons, a stout body and very long tails that can be used as weapon to crush an opponent.

Report Text - Komodo Dragon (Varanus Komodoensis)Preferring hot and dry places, the Komodo dragons typically live in dry open grassland, savanna, and tropical forest at low elevations. They are solitary animals and usually come together only to mate and feed on carrion. They sleep in caves or in gullies and among tree roots at night, and come out to feed in the morning. Female Komodo dragons can lay from 20 up to 40 eggs in a hole in the ground.

Komodo dragons' diet consists of a variety of animal species. Young Komodo dragons normally feed on insects and small lizards. However, they begin to eat mice and other small mammals as they grow older. Adult komodo dragons prey on bigger animals such as pigs, goats, deer, young buffaloes, and horses. Although the Komodo dragons are considered harmless, it is advisable to keep a safe distance from them.


A. Reading Comprehension: Answer these questions based on the text

  1. What is the Komodo dragon?
  2. Where can we find Komodo dragons?
  3. Please describe Komodo dragons based on their size.
  4. Please describe Komodo dragons based on their senses.
  5. Please describe Komodo dragons based on their physical appearance.
  6. Please name at least 5 (five) animals which are included in Komodo dragons' diet.
  7. What does paragraph 4 (four) talk about?
  8. "Komodo dragons are thought to have poor night vision." Which sentence in the above text supports this idea?
  9. Which sentence describes Komodo dragon as a prehistoric animal?
  10. "... as they grow older." (paragraph 5) What does "they" in the sentence refer to?

B. Vocabulary: Match each word with the correct meaning

  1. Prehistoric
  2. Archipelago
  3. Lizard
  4. Scent
  5. Talons
  6. Stout
  7. Savanna
  8. Carrion
  9. Gullies
  10. Prey
  1. Relatively long-bodied reptile with usually two pairs of legs and a tapering tail
  2. The dead and rotting body of an animal
  3. Sharp hooked claws, especially on a bird of prey
  4. Animal hunted or caught for food
  5. A flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
  6. A group of many islands in a large body of water
  7. Deep ditches cut by running water (especially after a prolonged downpour)
  8. Having rugged physical strength; inured to fatigue or hardships
  9. Any property detected by the olfactory system
  10. Belonging to or existing in times before recorded history
  1. Wikipedia. Komodo Dragon., accessed November 6, 2011 2:00 pm.
  2. Komodo Dragon Island, geography, how to get there, information about Komodo Dragons., accessed November 6, 2011 3:00 pm.
  3. Ministry of Culture and Tourism Republic of Indonesia, 2010. Indonesia Travel Planner. Jakarta.
Updated: July 23, 2013