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Showing posts with label TOEIC. Show all posts
Showing posts with label TOEIC. Show all posts

January 11, 2022

Comparative Exercises: Comparing Things in English

B
efore doing the exercises below, you may want to review what we have learned about comparisons in "Degrees of Comparison: Positive, Comparative, Superlative, dan Parallel Increase". As a reminder, here is how to compare things using adjectives.
A. Using Positive Degree:
To show that two things or people are similar in some way, we can use "as + adjective + as". Example sentences:
  • The tiger is as dangerous as the lion.
  • For me, the rose is as beautiful as the sunflower.
B. Using Comparative degree:
To compare two things which are not similar, we can use "comparative adjectives + than". Comparatives can be "adjective + er + than" or "more + adjective + than". To learn more about comparative adjectives, read THIS.
  • Apples are smaller than coconuts.
  • This motorcycle is more expensive than that one.
C. Using Superlative degree:
To compare three or more things, one of which is superior or inferior to the others, we use a "the superlative". The superlative can be formed with "the + adjective + est" or "the most + adjective".
  • John is the tallest boy in his class.
  • The rose is the most beautiful flower in my garden.
EXERCISES
I. Write the comparative of the adjectives below.
Example:
  • big: bigger.
    1. pretty: ....
    2. interesting: ....
    3. strong: ....
    4. serious: ....
    5. happy: ....
    6. good: ....
    7. bad: ....
    8. delicious: ....
    9. loud: ....
    10. heavy: ....
    II. Multiple choice quiz.
    III. Look at the pictures below and complete each sentence using the given adjectives.
    Comparative
    1. A is ...(big)... B.
    2. A is ...(big)... C.
    3. C is ...(small)... A.
    4. C is ...(small)... box.
    5. C is not ...(big)... B.
    6. B is ...(big)... than C.
    7. Comparing Things
    8. The red motorcycle is ...(fast)... the green one.
    9. The blue motorcycle is ...(slow)... the yellow one.
    10. The blue motorcycle is ...(fast)... the red one.
    11. The yellow motorcycle is ...(fast)... of all.
    12. The blue motorcycle is not ...(fast)... the yellow one.
    13. The green motorcycle is much ...(slow)... the yellow one.
    14. The green motorcycle is ...(slow)... of all.
    15. The yellow motorcycle is much ...(fast)... the green one.
    16. The green motorcycle is ...(fast)... the yellow one.
    III. Complete each of the below sentences using a comparative.
    Example:
  • Her car isn't very big. She wants a bigger one.
  • Her car is old. She wants a newer one.
    1. My job isn't very interesting. I want to do something ....
    2. He is not very tall. His brother is ....
    3. My car is old. I want to buy a ... one.
    4. These flowers aren't very nice. The blue ones are ....
    5. My chair is not comfortable. Yours is ....
    6. This car is too expensive. I want to buy a ... one.
    7. The food here isn't very good. I know a place that serves ... food.
    8. Tom doesn't work very hard. Jim works ....
    9. This knife isn't very sharp. Have you got a ... one?
    10. Our team didn't play well. The opponent played ....
    11. This beach isn't very beautiful. Mandalika beach is ....
    12. People today aren't very polite. In the past they were ....
    13. This table is too big. Let's find a ... one.
    14. Lombok is too far. I think we'll visit a ... place.
    15. The exercise is too difficult for them. They need something ....
    Prev: BSE SMK/MAK XII 62711 753PM PV5098

    November 26, 2021

    Participial Adjectives (Participle sebagai Adjective)

    Participial Adjectives
    A
    pakah yang dimaksud dengan PARTICIPIAL ADJECTIVE? Participial adjective adalah bentuk participle, yang berfungsi sebagai ajektiva. Ajektiva (adjective), atau seringkali disebut sebagai kata sifat, memiliki fungsi untuk menjelaskan kata benda (nouns).

    Participle itu sendiri sebenarnya adalah turunan dari kata kerja (verb). Ada 2 (dua) jenis participle, yaitu;

    1. Present participle, yang dikenal sebagai kata kerja (verb) berakhiran -ing, contoh; interesting, drawing, amazing, shocking, dsb.
    2. Past participle, atau dikenal sebagai kata kerja ke-3 (verb 3), contoh; interested, drawn, amazed, shocked, dsb.
    A. Perbedaan antara Present Participle dengan Past Participle

    Sebagai kata sifat, kedua jenis participle ini memberikan makna yang berbeda terhadap kata benda yang dibicarakan. Lihat contoh kalimat yang menggunakan participle di bawah ini:

    1. Winning the match was an exciting experience for the players. (Present participle)
    2. The excited players were celebrating the victory. (Past participle)
    Penjelasan:

    Present participle pada contoh no. 1 memiliki makna aktif, yaitu menyebabkan atau melakukan sesuatu. Kata benda (noun) ‘experience’ menyebabkan sesuatu hal, sehingga disebut sebagai ‘exciting experience'.

    Sedangkan, past participle memiliki makna pasif. Kata benda (noun) yang dimaksud menjadi obyek dan terdampak oleh berbagai situasi. Pada contoh no. 2, kata benda "players" menjadi obyek dari sesuatu, sehingga disebut sebagai ‘excited players’.

    B. Daftar Participial Adjective
    Kenalilah beberapa participial adjective yang ada di dalam daftar berikut dan cobalah memahami maknanya. Lengkapilah daftar ini dengan participial adjective yang kalian ketahui.
    VerbPresent ParticiplePast Participle
    boreboringbored
    exciteexcitingexcited
    confuseconfusingconfused
    sortsortingsorted
    surprisesurprisingsurprised
    encloseenclosingenclosed
    includeincludingincluded
    amazeamazingamazed
    astonishastonishingastonished
    terrifyterrifyingterrified
    disappointdisappointingdisappointed
    breakbreakingbroken
    writewritingwritten
    interestinterestinginterested
    threatenthreateningthreatened
    EXERCISES
    A. Horse Race Game
    To win the horse race. Choose the correct answer for each of the following sentences. Only the fastest answer can get the full score and all others get only half a point. Now, let's get the race started.

    B. Sentence Completion Exercise
    Do the following exercise. Use either present participle or past participle of the verbs in the brackets.
    1. The ... announcement has raised questions among the students. (confuse)
    2. The ... students did not know what uniform to wear on the following day. (confuse)
    3. The ... film caused me to fall asleep. (bore)
    4. The ... audience fell asleep during the speech. (bore)
    5. The ... brochure provides tourists with the information they need. (enclose)
    6. The team were ... when they heard about the approval. (excite).
    7. I was very ... to see what was happening at that time. (shock)
    8. This is one of the most ... books I’ve ever read. (interest)
    9. The children soon fell asleep after the ... journey. (tire)
    10. Our vacation was ruined by the ... experience. (frighten)
    11. Aceh was completely destroyed by a ... tsunami on December 26, 2004. (devastate)
    12. The process of repairing ... buildings and streets took years to complete. (damage)
    13. The snake is still a ... sight for most women. (terrify)
    14. The ... workers sat down to rest under the shade of a tree. (exhaust)
    15. His experiences in Jakarta were rather .... (depress)
    16. The woman was trying to comfort the ... child when a policeman came. (cry)
    17. Lapindo tragedy clearly wiped out many ... business opportunities in the area. (promise)
    18. To anticipate the ... volume of air passengers in the holiday season, the airline has added more than 40,000 seats to 14 routes. (increase)
    19. The new ... system is equipped with an advanced protection system. (operate)
    20. A month after the theft, the ... jewelry was recovered. (steal)
    Prev: BSE SMP Cls IX 072311 0343PM PV 5113

    November 13, 2021

    Cause and Effect, Opposition, and Condition Words

    I
    n this post, we are going to learn adverb clause words, transitions, conjunctions, and prepositions which express cause and effect, opposition, and condition. To make it easier for you to understand the subject, there are example sentences as well as an interactive exercise where you can practice and test your uderstanding. Happy learning.
    A. CAUSE & EFFECT, OPPOSITION, CONDITION WORDS / PHRASES
    ADVERB CLAUSE WORDSTRANSITIONSCONJUNCTIONSPREPOSITIONS
    CAUSE & EFFECTbecause
    since
    now that
    as
    as/so long as
    inasmuch as
    so (that)
    therefore
    consequently
    so
    for
    because of
    due to
    OPPOSITION / CONTRASTeven though
    although / though
    whereas
    while
    nevertheless
    nonetheless
    however
    on the other hand
    but (... anyway)
    yet (... still)
    despite
    in spite of
    CONDITIONif
    unless
    only if / even if
    whether or not
    provided (that)
    providing (that)
    in case (that)
    in the event (that)
    otherwiseor (else)in case of
    or (else)
    B. EXAMPLE SENTENCES OF CAUSE & EFFECT, OPPOSITION, CONDITION

    1. Adverb clauses
    1. He went to bed because he was sleepy. (Cause and effect)
    2. Gold is expensive, whereas copper is cheap. (Opposition)
    3. I’m going to the movie this evening whether or not it rains. (Condition)
    2. Transitions:
    1. It was hot. Therefore, he turned on the air condition. (Cause and effect)
    2. It was raining. Nevertheless, he went out. (Opposition)
    3. You’d better wear a jacket. Otherwise, you’ll catch cold. (Condition)
    3. Conjunctions:
    1. It was getting late, so we decided to go home. (Cause and effect)
    2. It was getting late, yet we still continued working. (Opposition)
    3. You should leave now, or (else) you’ll be late for school. (Condition)
    4. Prepositions:
    1. The flight was canceled due to the heavy fog. (Cause and effect)
    2. They went out despite the bad weather. (Opposition)
    3. In case of fire, call 911 immediately. (Condition)
    C. MULTIPLE CHOICE INTERACTIVE EXERCISE


    D. SENTENCE COMPLETION EXERCISE

    Do this exercise. Complete the sentences using one of the words listed in the above table.
    Cause and Effect, Opposition, and Condition Words
    1. Dina lives in the city, ... Rinda lives in the country.
    2. The meeting was postponed ... the heavy rain.
    3. ... I had a cold, I decided to go to school.
    4. You’d better prepare for the test, ... you will fail again.
    5. You forget the meaning of these words ... you never practice it.
    6. Mastering English is just a matter of practice. ... you must practice a lot.
    7. She kept riding her motorcycle ... the flat back tire.
    8. I’m going to take my TV set ... it hasn’t been repaired.
    9. Her father has told her to study. ... she is going to the movie.
    10. Parents should supervise their children when watching TV. ... they may watch inappropriate programs.
    11. He didn't get the job ... he didn't have enough experience.
    12. He got the job ... he didn't have enough experience.
    13. I'll lend you some money ... you really need it.
    14. The music was loud ... you could hear it from miles away.
    15. I couldn't sleep ... I was very tired.
    16. ... it rained a lot, we enjoyed our vacation.
    17. We went out ... the rain.
    18. He passed the exam ... he was well-prepared.
    19. I didn't get the job ... I had all the necessary qualifications.
    20. ... fire, please leave the building as quickly as possible.

    August 03, 2021

    Conditional Sentence Type 0 And Type 1

    Conditional Sentence Type 0 And Type 1
    P
    reviously in our earlier post, we have learned about all types of Conditional sentences, i.e. type 0, 1, 2, 3, and mixed conditionals, including their usage or functions, examples, and exercises as well.

    In this post, we are going to focus and take a closer look at Conditional sentence type 0 and type 1.

    Conditional sentence type 0

    Structure:
  • If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Simple Present)....
  • If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Imperative)....
  • Usage / function:
    • Conditional sentences in "If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Simple Present)..." can be used to express general truths / facts. (see examples a and b below)
    • Conditional sentences in "If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Imperative)...." can be used to express suggestions, instructions, or commands. (see examples c and d below)
    Examples
    1. If the moon passes between the sun and Earth, a solar eclipse happens.
    2. If we heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils.
    3. If you arrive at the station, call me.
    4. If you want to turn on the device, press this button.

    Conditional sentence type 1

    Structure:
    If ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Simple Future / Modals)....
    Usage / function:
    Conditional sentences in "If / when ...(Simple Present)..., ...(Simple Future / Modals)..." can be used to express;
    • reminders (see examples a and b below)
    • suggestions (see examples c and d below)
    .
    Examples
    1. If you eat too much, you will get a stomachache.
    2. If you don't shut that window, we will die of cold.
    3. If we want to see the sunrise, we will have to leave very early.
    4. If you want to buy that car, you should provide a bigger garage.
    EXERCISE
    A. Match the sentences on the left with the ones on the right. Number 1 has been done for you as an example.
    If you need help,somebody will open the door.
    If we keep ice in a hot temperature,they will get wet.
    If you fail the exam,let's go for a swim.
    If you ring the bell,it melts.
    If it rains,consult your advisor.
    If it is fine,you'll need to take a remedial test.
    Answer:
    1. If you need help, consult your advisor.
    2. ....
    3. ....
    4. ....
    5. ....
    6. ....
    B. Write correct conditional sentences by putting the verbs in the bracket into the correct form. In some sentences, conditional sentence type 0 and 1 can be used interchangeably. Number 1 has been done as an example.
    1. If I get a ticket, I (go) to the concert.
      Answer: If I get a ticket, I will go to the concert.
    2. If we have time, we (visit) you.
      Answer: ....
    3. If you don't watch the TV, (turn) it off.
      Answer: ....
    4. If the weather is fine, we (go) to the beach.
      Answer: ....
    5. If you want those pictures, I (send) you the copies.
      Answer: ....
    6. If you don't feel well, (stay) at home.
      Answer: ....
    C. Complete the following conditional sentences using your own ideas and words.
    1. If you pass the exam, ....
    2. If I finish my study, ....
    3. If you want to have it, ....
    4. If you have a question, ....
    5. If the weather is fine this afternoon, ....
    You can also study the lesson about conditional sentences type 0 and type 1 through the slide presentation attached below.

    August 08, 2020

    VIERA & TOEIC Preparation Test

    Answer the following questions by choosing the best answer A, B, D, or D.
    I. Sentence Completion
    1. Battery-operated reading lamps ... very well right now.
    1. sale
    2. sold
    3. are selling
    4. were sold
    2. In order to place a call outside the office, you have to ... nine first.
    1. tip
    2. make
    3. dial
    4. number
    3. We are pleased to inform ... that the missing order has been found.
    1. you
    2. your
    3. yours
    4. yourself
    4. Unfortunately, neither Mr. Sachs ... Ms. Flyynn will be able to attend the awards banquet this evening.
    1. but
    2. and
    3. nor
    4. either
    5. After the main course, choose from our wide ... of homemade desserts.
    1. varied
    2. various
    3. vary
    4. variety
    6. One of the most frequent complaints among airline passengers is that there is not ... legroom.
    1. enough
    2. many
    3. very
    4. plenty
    7. Faculty members are planning to ... a party in honor of Dr. Walker, who will retire at the end of the semester.
    1. carry
    2. do
    3. hold
    4. take
    8. ... our production figures improve in the near future, we foresee having to hire more people between now and July.
    1. During
    2. Only
    3. Unless
    4. Because
    9. The prime minister is expected to arrive at the convention hall at ... 7.00 P.M.
    1. approximated
    2. approximates
    3. approximate
    4. approximately
    10. As the filming location has not yet been ..., the release date has been postponed.
    1. detained
    2. determined
    3. delayed
    4. deleted
    11. Extreme ... should be used when the forklift truck is being operated.
    1. caution
    2. cautioned
    3. cautiosly
    4. cautions
    12. The country hospital is currently ... volunteers to staff the reception.
    1. look to
    2. looking for
    3. looking around
    4. looking into
    13. We are a major international company with a growing number of ... in North America.
    1. inferences
    2. instances
    3. influences
    4. interests
    14. The Executive Council of the Fashion Buyer’s Congress is ... of fifteen members from various branches of the fashion industry.
    1. compose
    2. composing
    3. composed
    4. to compose
    15. Though their performance was relatively unpolished, the actors held the audience’s ... for the duration of the play.
    1. attentive
    2. attentively
    3. attention
    4. attentiveness
    16. Savat National Park is ... by train, bus, charter plane, and rental car.
    1. accessible
    2. accessing
    3. accessibility
    4. accesses
    17. Replacing the office equipment that the company purchased only three years ago seems quite ....
    1. waste
    2. wasteful
    3. wasting
    4. wasted
    18. On ... employees reach their peak performance level when they have been on the job for at least two years.
    1. common
    2. standard
    3. average
    4. general
    19. If you send in an order ... mail, we recommend that you phone our sales division directly to confirm the order.
    1. near
    2. by
    3. for
    4. on
    20. Rates for the use of recreational facilities do not include tax and are subject to change without ....
    1. signal
    2. cash
    3. report
    4. notice
    21. We conduct our audits in accordance ... generally accepted auditing standards.
    1. of
    2. with
    3. in
    4. across
    22. The Director of Educational Programs works collaboratively with the Ministry of Education to ... that the programs are meeting the needs of the institution.
    1. ensure
    2. define
    3. accept
    4. imply
    23. Armstrong has the ... management team of the three companies under consideration.
    1. impressive
    2. more impressive
    3. impressively
    4. most impressive
    24. There are over thirty keyboard commands that can prompt word-processing procedures, but common usage ... only a few.
    1. involves
    2. receives
    3. subscribes
    4. corresponds
    25. The recent storms have led to the ... closure of our overseas office.
    1. temporal
    2. temporary
    3. temporarily
    4. temporaries
    26. “Accounts receivable” is money owed to a company, ... “accounts payable” is money owed by the company to creditors.
    1. whereas
    2. otherwise
    3. such as
    4. in order that
    27. Cooks must remember that some raw foods are very ... and should be refrigerated or chilled until ready to be eaten or cooked.
    1. peripheral
    2. perishable
    3. periodic
    4. permanent
    28. If savings could have been made elsewhere, we ... to give financial support to local community service organizations last year.
    1. continue
    2. continued
    3. has continued
    4. would have continued
    29. The telecommunications department is completing a detailed ... of each factory site to determine the types of equipment and features needed in each area.
    1. elaboration
    2. evolution
    3. evaluation
    4. expansion
    30. Proposed changes that are not ... with existing safety regulations will not be considered.
    1. dependent
    2. compliant
    3. relating
    4. supportive
    II. Short Conversation
    Questions number 31 - 33 refer to the following dialogue.
    Dina:We need to hire a temporary assistant to help us with this project until our regular assistant fully recovers.
    John:Yeah, it will take him at least 2 months till he’s able to return to his duties.
    Dina:I know, that’s why I hate it when people around me become indispensable. It just makes me feel helpless sometimes.
    John:In the meantime, why don’t we try finding someone from our staff to replace him? That way we’ll avoid the training period since all staff know, more or less, how things run around the office.
    31. What is the problem with Dina's assistant?
    1. She needs to hire a temporary assistant.
    2. He feels helpless.
    3. He is sick.
    4. He doesn't want to help.
    32. What does Dina imply about her assistant?
    1. She hates him.
    2. He is indispensable.
    3. He is helpless.
    4. He lives around the office.
    33. What are they planning to do?
    1. Avoid the training period
    2. Run around the office
    3. Find someone from their staff to replace the assistant
    4. Hire a temporary assistant
    Questions 34 - 36 refer to the following conversation.
    Levi:When did you say you are going on that business trip again?
    Siska:Well, I’m leaving on Wednesday evening, but I won’t be back until Tuesday.
    Levi :The conference is on for two days isn’t it?
    Siska:Well, yes, but since my husband is coming with me this time, we thought we’d take Monday off and spend the weekend by Lake Como near Milan. We’ve heard so many good things about it, and with my new position we haven’t had the chance to go on vacation in the last couple of years.
    34. How many days will Siska be away from work?
    1. Three
    2. Four
    3. Five
    4. Six
    35. When is the conference?
    1. Wednesday and Thursday
    2. Thursday and Friday
    3. Saturday and Sunday
    4. Monday and Tuesday
    36. What can be inferred about Siska?
    1. She is usually too busy to go on vacation.
    2. She has been to Lake Camo before.
    3. She is going to the conference alone.
    4. She often goes on vacation.
    Questions 37 - 39 refer to the following conversation.
    Romi:I think we need to ask the Staff Director to order two new desks for us. Mine is very small, while yours is very big and takes up too much space. And we could do with new wallpaper as well.
    Ulfa:That’s fine by me, but the company is on a very tight budget this year, so they might not approve any of it. We’re lucky we’ve still got a job.
    Romi:Why don’t you draft a formal request, and we’ll see what happens?
    Ulfa:Sure! There might even be some old desks available in the warehouse that would suit us perfectly.
    37. What does Romi want to do?
    1. Buy new desks
    2. Make his table larger
    3. Take up more space
    4. Renovate his office.
    38. What does Ulfa imply about the company?
    1. It doesn't have lot of money to spend.
    2. It sells new wallpapers this year.
    3. It will approve their requests.
    4. It gives them a new job in the office.
    39. What does Romi ask Siska to do?
    1. Find old desks in the warehouse.
    2. See what will happen to their desks.
    3. Save more office space.
    4. Write a formal request
    Questions 40 - 42 refer to the following conversation.
    Timmy:I ordered some products from your company a week ago but they haven’t arrived yet, although you had assured me you would ship them one or two days after I placed my order.
    Voice:Give me a second, sir, to track down your order, ... yes, here it is. The products were shipped on September the 19th, that’s a day after you placed your order. The shipping number is 335601342 and the courier company is BLC.
    Timmy:Oh, OK. I’ll try contacting them to find out what’s taking them so long to deliver the package.
    Voice:My guess is that they’ve got problems with the customs office. In any case, call me if I can be of any further assistance.
    40. Why did Timmy call?
    1. He wanted to place an order.
    2. He couldn't find the order shipping number.
    3. His order hadn't arrived.
    4. He wanted to cancel an order delivery.
    41. When were the products sent?
    1. September 12th
    2. September 18th
    3. September 19th
    4. September 20th
    42. What will Timmy most probably do afterwards?
    1. Call the courier company.
    2. Cancel the shipment.
    3. Solve the customs problems.
    4. Go to the customs office.
    Questions 43 - 45 refer to the following conversation.
    Operator:Mr. Lee isn’t coming in today. Can I take a message?
    Anita:I’d rather talk to him in person. Do you know when he’s coming back?
    Operator:I’m afraid he’s not coming in for the next couple of weeks. He’s on a sabbatical to work on his dissertation.
    Anita:Well, in that case could you please tell him that I’ve reviewed his article and that he needs to contact me to go over my revisions ASAP? Unless you can give me his home number and I’ll contact him in person.
    43. Why isn’t Mr. Lee in his office?
    1. He is reviewing a dissertation.
    2. He is finishing a revision project.
    3. He's on vacation.
    4. He's on a sabbatical leave.
    44. What does Anita want Mr. Lee to do?
    1. Give her his phone number.
    2. Contact her.
    3. Review his article.
    4. Check her revisions.
    45. How long will Mr. Lee be away?
    1. A year
    2. Several weeks
    3. Six months
    4. A couple of days
    III. Reading Comprehenesion
    Questions 46 - 49 refer to the following news.

    Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) - The Indonesian Army's Mi-17 helicopter that crashed on Mount Mandala in Oksop Sub-district, Pegunungan Bintang District, Papua Province, and killed 12 people aboard, was owing to bad weather, according to an official.

    "I think the pilot had attempted to re-direct the helicopter to the original location due to foggy weather, but when the helicopter turned, it crashed into the mountain," Major General Herman Asaribab, commander of the Regional Military Command (Pangdam) XVII/Cenderawasih, remarked here on Saturday.

    The helicopter reportedly lost contact during its flight from Oksibli to Sentani on June 28, 2019. Since the day it went missing, search efforts have been steadily made to locate the helicopter by involving a Bell Helicopter 206 and Bell Helicopter 412 bearing registration number HA-5177. However, the SAR's efforts to locate the missing helicopter have been hindered by factors, including erratic weather conditions and difficulties on ground due to inaccessibility to roads.

    46. What is the news about?
    1. Mount Mandala in Oksop Sub-district
    2. A helicopter crash in Papua Province
    3. Indonesian Army's Mi-17 helicopters
    4. The bad weather in Pegunungan Bintang
    47. According to the text, what was the cause of the flight accident?
    1. Inaccessibility to roads
    2. Difficulties on ground
    3. An official's decision
    4. Bad weather
    48. These are the factors that made the attempts to find the helicopter difficult, EXCEPT ....
    1. weather conditions
    2. difficult terrain
    3. human errors
    4. inaccessibility to roads
    49. "I think the pilot had attempted to re-direct the helicopter to the original location ...."
    What is the synonym of the underlined word?
    1. stopped
    2. repaired
    3. continued
    4. tried
    Questions 50 - 53 refer to the following memo.
    Memorandum
    50. Who sent the above memo?
    1. GTS Sales Staff
    2. Karen Moore
    3. Mr. John Sakazaki
    4. Mr. Lockhart
    51. What does the memo talk about?
    1. Sales staff enthusiasm
    2. A new product
    3. Sales strategy
    4. A marketing presentation
    52. According to the memo, what will GTS Sales Staff most likely receive in the near future?
    1. Bonus checks
    2. Customer presentation
    3. A congratulatory letter
    4. A new product
    53. Who is Mr. Lockhart?
    1. Sales manager of GTS
    2. A supplier
    3. A customer
    4. Karen Moore's worker
    Questions 54 - 57 refer to the following letter.

    Dear Mr. Komar,

    We are sorry to learn that the vacuum cleaner you recently ordered arrived with several missing parts. Thank you for returning it promptly.

    A replacement model of the same style, color, and price is being shipped to you and should arrive in two days' time. It has been carefully inspected to ensure that you will not be troubled again with a similar problem.

    We sincerely regret the delay and inconvenience that has caused you, but we hope that you will be pleased with your new cleaner.

    Thank you for your patience.

    Sincerely,

    Agung

    Customer Relations


    54. What is the purpose of the letter?
    1. To address a complaint
    2. To confirm an order
    3. To reply to a complaint
    4. To order the missing parts
    55. What was the problem with the order?
    1. It was delayed.
    2. It should be returned soon.
    3. It hasn't been received.
    4. There were some missing parts.
    56. What might have caused the problem?
    1. The order delivery was not on time.
    2. Mr. Komar was not satisfied with the product.
    3. The order was not carefully inspected.
    4. The replacement had a different style and color.
    57. What should Mr. Komar do after receiving the letter?
    1. Make another complaint for the delay
    2. Reply to a complaint from Agung
    3. Contact the Customer Relations staff
    4. Wait until the replacement arrives
    Questions 58 - 60 refer to the following letter.

    Dear Mr. Jiggit,

    Your resume is very impressive, but we are no longer hiring full time workers. Like many companies, we are trying to operate with a minimum staff, hiring temporary office workers.

    When the workload increases, or when we need people for a specific project, we look for part time workers. Should such a need arise, we will contact you.

    With every good wish.

    Sincerely yours,
    Sa Osheroff

    58. What employment practice does this company share with others?

    1. Hiring temporary workers
    2. Hiring full-time workers
    3. Training its own workers
    4. Asking retirees to return
    59. When are these workers usually hired?
    1. When costs are high
    2. When the workload increases
    3. When employees are ill
    4. When they operate with a minimum staff
    60. Mr. Jiggit probably wrote to the company ....
    1. to inquire about a part time job
    2. to ask about company benefits
    3. to look for temporary office workers
    4. to seek full-time employment

    October 23, 2011

    TOEIC® Practice: Verb Forms, Word Families, Comparisons

    TOEIC® PRACTICE TEST: INCOMPLETE SENTENCES

    Verb Forms, Word Families, Comparisons.

    In this test, you have to choose the best answer to complete the sentences.
    1. My sister ... working in another city next week.
      1. starting
      2. started
      3. will start
      4. has started
    2. She is interested in ... other languages.
      1. learning
      2. to learn
      3. learn
      4. the learning
    3. Among the other countries, Indonesia suffered ... impact of the Tsunami.
      1. bigger
      2. the biggest
      3. as big as
      4. biggest
    4. The catastrophe ... on December 26, 2004.
      1. happens
      2. to happen
      3. has happened
      4. happened
    5. I usually ... a glass of milk in the morning.
      1. am having
      2. have
      3. has
      4. will have
    6. The food is ... than the one we ate here yesterday.
      1. delicious
      2. the most delicious
      3. as delicious
      4. more delicious
    7. The plane ... for Tokyo in 20 minutes.
      1. leave
      2. has left
      3. is leaving
      4. to leave
    8. After ... the leter, she turned the computer off.
      1. printing
      2. print
      3. printed
      4. printings
    9. They ... their holiday in Bali next week.
      1. spent
      2. are spent
      3. have spent
      4. are going to spend
    10. At last, we succeeded in ... the problems.
      1. solve
      2. solution
      3. solved
      4. solving
    11. Students should be ... for their daily assignments.
      1. responsibility
      2. responsible
      3. responsibly
      4. response
    12. Having experience in ... cars, he applied for a job as a mechanic.
      1. repairing
      2. to repair
      3. repairs
      4. repaired
    13. Would you mind ... the application letter neatly enough?
      1. written
      2. write
      3. writing
      4. to write
    14. Don’t give up ... to find job openings in newspapers.
      1. try
      2. trying
      3. to trying
      4. tries
    15. Please ... the application letter before the end of this month.
      1. submitting
      2. submits
      3. submission
      4. submit
    16. A good command of English will lead you to a ....
      1. succeed
      2. success
      3. successful
      4. successive
    17. The service of this big restaurant is very ....
      1. disappoint
      2. disappointment
      3. disappointed
      4. disappointing
    18. Good service in this restaurant gives the customers ....
      1. satisfy
      2. satisfactory
      3. satisfaction
      4. satisfied
    19. On the way to Bali ..., we took dinner in Pasir Putih.
      1. next year
      2. last month
      3. since two days ago
      4. at present
    20. She ... for her vacation yesterday.
      1. has been leaving
      2. leaves
      3. left
      4. was left
    21. Every employee . . . a company badge.
      1. wear
      2. wears
      3. wearing
      4. to wear
    22. He wrote a book after ... his research
      1. completed
      2. completing
      3. complete
      4. completes
    23. She ... me that she would leave soon.
      1. said
      2. says
      3. told
      4. tells
    24. Big hotels often ... more than two hundred workers.
      1. employs
      2. will employ
      3. are employing
      4. employ
    25. Bali is one of ... objects of interest in Indonesia
      1. more famous
      2. the most famous
      3. as famous as
      4. most famous
    You may also want to read: TOEIC Test Tips and Strategies
    If you want to do this test in computer-based version and find out your score and the answers, visit the link below. TOEIC® Practice: Verb Forms, Word Families, Comparisons

    October 09, 2011

    Listening Test Strategy, Tips and Trick in TOEIC® and UNBK: Analyzing Pictures

    In TOEIC® test and UAN (Ujian Akhir Nasional), or the Final Test taken by third year students of SMA and SMK, there is a section called Analyzing Pictures. In this section, the examinee has to choose one statement or sentence which best matches the picture shown. Skills development in analyzing both pictures and answer choices are needed to improve TOEIC® and UAN score.

    Here are the strategies which can help improve your skills in analyzing pictures in TOEIC® and UAN test.

    Strategies in TOEIC® Test - Part 1; Analyzing Pictures

    1. Make Assumptions
    2. When you listen to the TOEIC® test Part 1, you often have to make assumptions based on what you see in the picture. You have to determine which of the four statements is true or might be true.

      Problem:
      More than one answers may seem true.
      Solution:
      Listen carefully to the whole sentence and choose the answer that best matches the picture.

      Look at the following picture and learn how you can make assumptions from it.

      Strategi Mengerjakan Listening TOEIC® dan UNBK: Analyzing Pictures

      What is the person (probably) doing?
      Possible answers:
      The passenger is looking out the window.
      He is holding a book.
      The man is sitting next to the window.
      The man is smiling.
      The man is traveling.

      Where is it? What can you infer about the place?
      The man is on the bus.
      The man is on a train.
      The window is open.

    3. Identify People
    4. You often have to identify the people you see in a picture. You may identify them by number, gender, location, description, activity, or occupation.

      Problem:
      The people may be incorrectly identified.
      Solution:Determine the number, gender, location, description, activity, and occupation of the people as best as you can.

      Look at the following picture and learn how to identify people.

      Listening Test Strategy, Tips and Trick in TOEIC® and UNBK: Analyzing Pictures

      Who are they? What are they doing? Where?
      Possible answers:
      There are four people at the table.
      There are two men and two women at the table.
      The people are in a restaurant.
      The guests are sitting at a table.
      The customers are going to order their meal.
      The waitress is standing next to the table.


      What are they wearing?
      Possible answer:
      The waiter is wearing an apron.
    5. Identify Things
    6. You often have to identify things in a picture. You should try to name everything you see. However, you are not required to know words or terms specific to one particular occupation. Instead, you should know the general word or term of the things in the picture.

      Problem:
      You may not know the words needed to identify the things in the picture.
      Solution:
      Use the context of the picture to help you identify the things.

      Look at the following picture and learn how to identify things.

      Strategi Mengerjakan Listening TOEIC® dan UNBK: Analyzing Pictures

      What and where is it?
      Possible answers:
      The ship is mooring in the harbor.
      The tanker is docking.
      The ship is loading.
      The ship is being refueled.
      The ship is at the dock.


      Related words: Ship, tanker, cargoship, cargo, gas, dock, moor, anchor, harbor, port, load, unload, refuel, fuel.
    7. Identify Actions
    8. You often have to identify the actions in a picture, i.e. what the people are doing. You should try to analyze the time sequence of the actions.

      Problem:
      You may not understand what is happening in the picture.
      Solution:
      Use the context of the picture to help you make assumptions about what happened before, during, and after the action.

      Look at the following picture and learn how to identify things.

      Strategi Mengerjakan Listening TOEIC® dan UNBK: Analyzing PicturesWhat are the persons doing? Who and where are they?
      Possible answers:
      The people are going to board the plane.
      They are going to travel by plane.
      The family is waiting to board the plane.
      The man and the woman are looking at the girl.
      The man is standing behind the girl.
      They will go through the boarding pass.
      They are standing in a queue.

    See more information and strategies for TOEIC® Test.
    Reference: Lougheed L. How to Prepare for the TOEIC® Test, 3rd Edition. Ciputat, Binarupa Aksara, 2004.